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Ch.12 - The Presidency
Review Questons
Political Studies
Undergraduate 1

Additional Political Studies Flashcards





Constitutional Requirements to become President


Who is typically elected?


at least 35 years old

US Resident for 14 years

Natural born citizen


Typically: served in some high office (VP, member of congress, governor, top executive)

White Males(although this is changing!)


4 Constitutional Powers of President

(example of each)


1. Commander-In-Chief of the Military:  can send troops into conflict w/ out Congressional declaration of War (all America's recent wars(Korea to Iraq) have been presidential military actions)


2. Chief Diplomat for Foreign Relations: Sets direction for foreign policy, appoints ambassadors, propose treaties, make executive agreements w/ other heads of state

(more than 10,000 since WWII)


3. Chief Executive over Administrative Agencies:  appoints heads of bureaucracy with senate approval, constitutional requirement to "faithfully execute" laws

(Obama appointed Hilary Clinton as Sec. of State in Dec. 2008)


4. Legislative Leader: proposes legislation of initiatives, vetoes legislation, state of the union address sets presidential agenda

(Obama signing the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act)

Impeachment Process
The House of Rep. decides by a majority vote whether the president should be impeached (placed on trial),and the Senate conducts the trial and then votes on the president's case, with a 2/3's vote required for removal from office
Who are the presdients who have been Considered for impeachment?

1868: Andrew JOhnson came within 1 vote from being removed for harsh Reconstruction policies after the Civil War


1974: Richard Nixon resignation halted Congressional proceedings on the Watergate affair that almost certainly would have ended in his impeachment


1998: Bill Clinton was authorized and investigation into the Monica Lewinsky affair but charges had grown out of extramarital affair than a gross abuse of executive power

Organization of the Executive Branch of Gov't
COnsists of Vice President and 18 staff agencies that carry out major duties for President

Important Agencies found in the Executive office of the President



1. the White House Office (WHO)

2. The National Security Council (NSC)

3. The office of Management and Budget (OMB)

4. The National Economic Council (NEC)

15 Cabinent level departments

1. Sec. of State

2. Sec. of Defense

3. Sec. of the Interior

4. Sec. of Commerce

5. Sec. of Health and Human Service

6. Sec. of Transportation

7. Sec. of Education

8. sec. of Treasury

9. Attorney General

10. Sec. of Agriculture

11. Sec. of Labor

12. Sec. of Housing and Urban Developement

13. Sec. of Energy

14. US Trade Representative

15. Sec. of Veterans Affairs



Purpose of Electoral College


How does it Work?


An electoral vote system, the president was to be chosen by electors picked by the states, with each state entitled one elector for each of its members of congress.


Each party in a state has a separate slate of electors who gain the right to cast a state's electoral votes if their party's candidate places first in the state's popular voting

Two key factors in winning a party's presidential nomination
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