# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Cartography
Making Maps Test 1
20
Geography
03/09/2010

Term
 Reference Globe
Definition
 Reducing the scale of the ellipsoid.
Term
 Developable Surfaces
Definition
 Geometric form used in the projection process without tearing, shearing, or distortion of the geometric surface.
Term
 SPC (State Plane Coordinates)
Definition
 Rectangular plane coordinate system applied to states.
Term
 UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator)
Definition
 Rectangular plane coordinate system applied to north-south zones worldwide.
Term
 Nature of Data
Definition
 Where, What, and When
Term
 Thematic Map Symbols
Definition
 Point, Line, and Area
Term
 4 Level of Data Measurement
Definition
 Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, Ratio
Term
 Nominal
Definition
 the simplest level of data measurement, sometimes considered a qualitative measurement to be descriptive.
Term
 Ordinal
Definition
 A measurement that is a hierarchy of rank.
Term
 Interval
Definition
 Measurement scales that have no natural origin.
Term
 Ratio
Definition
 cartographically treated the same as interval; the measurement positional sequences in an absolute datum for numerical comparison.
Term
 FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standards)
Definition
 used to identify every country, state, city, metropolitan area, or other identifiable units for which data are collected.
Term
 Spatial Data
Definition
 Displays characteristics of location, size, or amount that allows for the visualization of patterns within the data.
Term
 Data Transformation
Definition
 Scale, Form, Boundary Changes
Term
 Visual Variables
Definition
 Symbols used to communicate to the map reader; these include variables of location, size, shape, orientation, texture, saturation, and value.
Term
 TIGER
Definition
 Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing
Term
 Derived Values
Definition
 Permits the comparison of observations through data manipulation to normalize the data so as to either adjust for the impact area/size or to represent the data as a rate or percentage.
Term
 Total Values
Definition
Term
 Data Classification Schemes
Definition
 1) Encompass the full range of the data. 2) Have either overlapping values not vacant classes. 3) Be great enough in number to avoid sacrificing the accuracy of the data, but not be so numerous as to impute a greater degree of accuracy than is warranted by the nature of the collected observations. 4) Divide the data into reasonably equal groups of observations. 5) Have a logical mathematical relationship if practical.
Term
 Class Intervals
Definition
 measurement scales that have no natural origin;and beginning point may be used.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!