Term

Definition
Reducing the scale of the ellipsoid. 


Term

Definition
Geometric form used in the projection process without tearing, shearing, or distortion of the geometric surface. 


Term
SPC (State Plane Coordinates)


Definition
Rectangular plane coordinate system applied to states. 


Term
UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) 

Definition
Rectangular plane coordinate system applied to northsouth zones worldwide. 


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Definition


Term

Definition


Term
4 Level of Data Measurement 

Definition
Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, Ratio 


Term

Definition
the simplest level of data measurement, sometimes considered a qualitative measurement to be descriptive. 


Term

Definition
A measurement that is a hierarchy of rank. 


Term

Definition
Measurement scales that have no natural origin. 


Term

Definition
cartographically treated the same as interval; the measurement positional sequences in an absolute datum for numerical comparison. 


Term
FIPS (Federal Information Processing Standards) 

Definition
used to identify every country, state, city, metropolitan area, or other identifiable units for which data are collected. 


Term

Definition
Displays characteristics of location, size, or amount that allows for the visualization of patterns within the data. 


Term

Definition
Scale, Form, Boundary Changes 


Term

Definition
Symbols used to communicate to the map reader; these include variables of location, size, shape, orientation, texture, saturation, and value. 


Term

Definition
Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing 


Term

Definition
Permits the comparison of observations through data manipulation to normalize the data so as to either adjust for the impact area/size or to represent the data as a rate or percentage. 


Term

Definition


Term
Data Classification Schemes 

Definition
1) Encompass the full range of the data.
2) Have either overlapping values not vacant classes.
3) Be great enough in number to avoid sacrificing the accuracy of the data, but not be so numerous as to impute a greater degree of accuracy than is warranted by the nature of the collected observations.
4) Divide the data into reasonably equal groups of observations.
5) Have a logical mathematical relationship if practical. 


Term

Definition
measurement scales that have no natural origin;and beginning point may be used. 

