# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

BSS ESC11 CH10 Vocab
DIE
21
Science
12/12/2008

Term
 Abrasion[image]
Definition
 1 a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading: abrasions on his leg caused by falling on the gravel.
 2 the act or process of abrading.
Term
 Alluvial Fan[image]
Definition
 a fan-shaped alluvial deposit formed by a stream where its velocity is abruptly decreased, as at the mouth of a ravine or at the foot of a mountain
Term
 Base Level[image]
Definition
 the lowest level to which running water can erode the land.
Term
Definition
 the sand, gravel, boulders, or other debris transported by rolling or sliding along the bottom of a stream.
Term
 Carrying Power[image]
Definition
 The power you have in order to carry a heavy object
Term
 Delta[image]
Definition
 4 anything triangular, like the Greek capital delta (Δ).
 5 Mathematics. an incremental change in a variable, as Δ or δ.
 6 a nearly flat plain of alluvial deposit between diverging branches of the mouth of a river, often, though not necessarily, triangular: the Nile delta
Term
 Discharge
Definition
 21 the act of discharging a ship, load, etc.
 22 the act of firing a weapon, as an arrow by drawing and releasing the string of the bow, or a gun by exploding the charge of powder.
 23 a sending or coming forth, as of water from a pipe; ejection; emission.
 24 the rate or amount of such issue.
 25 something sent forth or emitted.
 26 a relieving, ridding, or getting rid of something of the nature of a charge
Term
 Divide[image]
Definition
 1 to separate into parts, groups, sections, etc.
 2 to separate or part from something else; sunder; cut off.
 3 to deal out in parts; distribute in shares; apportion.
 4 to cleave; part.
 5 to separate in opinion or feeling; cause to disagree: The issue divided the senators.
 6 to distinguish the kinds of; classify.
7.Mathematics.
 a. to separate into equal parts by the process of mathematical division; apply the mathematical process of division to: Eight divided by four is two.
 b. to be a divisor of, without a remainder
Term
 Drainage Basin OR Watershed[image]
Definition
 1 Chiefly British. the ridge or crest line dividing two drainage areas; water parting; divide.
 2 the region or area drained by a river, stream, etc.; drainage area.
 3 Architecture. wash (def. 44).
 4 an important point of division or transition between two phases, conditions, etc.: The treaty to ban war in space may prove to be one of history's great watersheds.
Term
 Flashflood[image]
Definition
 A sudden flood of great volume, usually caused by a heavy rain
Term
 Flood Plain[image]
Definition
 a nearly flat plain along the course of a stream or river that is naturally subject to flooding
Term
 Gully[image]
Definition
 1 a small valley or ravine originally worn away by running water and serving as a drainageway after prolonged heavy rains.
 2 a ditch or gutter.
Term
Definition
 Headward erosion is a fluvial process of erosion that lengthens a stream, a valley or a gully at its head and also enlarges its drainage basin.
Term
 Levees[image]
Definition
 An embankment raised to prevent a river from overflowing. A small ridge or raised area bordering an irrigated field. A landing place on a river; a pier.
Term
 Meanders[image]
Definition
 Usually, meanders. turnings or windings; a winding path or course.
 5 a circuitous movement or journey.
 6 an intricate variety of fret or fretwork
Term
 Oxbow Lake[image]
Definition
 a. a bow-shaped bend in a river, or the land embraced by it.
 b. Also called oxbow lake. a bow-shaped lake formed in a former channel of a river
Term
 Pothole[image]
Definition
 1 a deep hole; pit.
 2 a hole formed in pavement, as by excessive use or by extremes of weather.
 3 a more or less cylindrical hole formed in rock by the grinding action of the detrital material in eddying water.
 4 a cave opening vertically from the ground surface
Term
 Solution
Definition
 a. the process by which a gas, liquid, or solid is dispersed homogeneously in a gas, liquid, or solid without chemical change.
 b. such a substance, as dissolved sugar or salt in solution.
 c. a homogeneous, molecular mixture of two or more substances.
Term
 Stream Piracy[image]
Definition
 Stream piracy is not unique to the Shenandoah Valley. The Pinnacles of Dan in Patrick County show the erosive power of the rivers draining southeast to the Atlantic Ocean is greater than those streams draining west to the Gulf of Mexico, much further away.
Term
 Suspension
Definition
 1 the act of suspending.
 2 the state of being suspended.
 3 temporary abrogation or withholding, as of a law, privilege, decision, belief, etc.
 4 stoppage of payment of debts or claims because of financial inability or insolvency.
Term
 Water Gap[image]
Definition
 a transverse gap in a mountain ridge, cut by and giving passage to a stream or river
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