# Shared Flashcard Set

## Details

Assessments - Cloward
Assessments, statistics, education
66
Education
05/14/2014

Term
 V-Score
Definition
 SD=3, xbar(mean)= 15, Avg.Rng. 13-17
Term
 T-score
Definition
 SD=10, xbar(mean)=50
Term
 The Standard Score
Definition
 SD = 15, xbar(mean)=100
Term
 Scaled Score
Definition
 SD=3 xbar(mean)=10, Avg.Rng. 8-12
Term
 How do you get z?
Definition
 (x-xbar)/SD = Z
Term
 How do you get x (for each standard score graph, in order to compare scores)
Definition
 z(SD) + xbar = x
Term
 Construct
Definition
 items on test vs. theory
Term
 Content Validity
Definition
 The test content covers what it should - items on test vs. curriculum.
Term
 Criterion Validity
Definition
 How a test correlates with another test - must be data proved/driven
Term
 Three types of Reliability
Definition
 Inter RaterStabilityInternal Consistency
Term
 Inter Rater
Definition
 the degree of agreement among raters. It gives a score of how much homogeneity, or consensus, there is in the ratings given by judges.
Term
 Stability
Definition
 reliability over TIME, today, tomorrow, and the next day
Term
 Parallel Forms, Alternate Forms
Definition
 SAME THING: Same test, different questions, pulled from a bank... :)
Term
 True Score - Original Score =
Definition
 Error
Term
 BICS
Definition
 Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills, 2-3 years, social language, sound fluent
Term
 CALP
Definition
Term
 Hobson Case
Definition
 court declared that a district's tracking system was invalid. Kids could go to a special class but only if the testing procedures were rigorous and retesting was frequent
Term
 Norm Group
Definition
 a large number of children who are representative of all the children in that age group
Term
 SEM =
Definition
 SD √1-rxx
Term
 Confidence Interval =
Definition
 Where your range will fall, Obtained score +/- SEM
Term
 Error =
Definition
 True score - obtained score
Term
 Access Skill
Definition
 skills you need in order to take a test - i.e. you need reading skills to take a math test which has story problems...
Term
 Target skill
Definition
 the skill you are trying to measure - i.e. reading for a reading test
Term
 Diana vs. Board of Education (1970)
Definition
 Mandated to correct bias in assessment procedures used with Chinese American and Mexican American students - Eliminate the cultural bias
Term
 Guadalupe vs. Tempe Elementary School (1972)
Definition
 children can not be placed in educable mentally retarded classes unless they score lower than 2 standard deviations below the pop. mean on an approved IQ test administered in the child's own language
Term
 Larry P. vs. Riles (1979)
Definition
 California found that using IQ tests as the assessment measure for placing African American students in special education as mentally retarded was found to be discriminatory
Term
 Parents in Action on Special Education (PASE) v. Hannon (1980)
Definition
 found that use of intelligence tests was acceptable in psychoeducational assessment as long as they followed all other procedural safeguards under federal law.
Term
 What is descriptive statistics?
Definition
 the discipline of quantitatively describing the main features of a collection of information, or the quantitative description itself. Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Variance
Term
 Calculate the z score for 84%
Definition
 1 - yes, z-scores are going to usually be between 4 and -4
Term
 Practice effect
Definition
 a puzzle that you did five minutes ago you might be able to do better but only because you just did it.
Term
 Maturational Learning
Definition
 you actually learn it, you take it in
Term
 two types of standardized tests
Definition
 norm referenced and criterion
Term
 rxx
Definition
 reliability (slope on a graph)
Term
 Ratio Data
Definition
 Zero means zero
Term
 Equal Interval
Definition
 zero has been assigned to a point, z scores, etc.
Term
 Nominal Data
Definition
 any classification that you can't do math with, can't organize them.
Term
 z=
Definition
 (xbar - x)/ SD
Term
 Convert X(SS) = 100 to X(t) =
Definition
 56.67
Term
 Percentages on percentile rank...
Definition
 less than one, 2, 14, 34 - add them up and you'll get 50%
Term
 Informal Test
Definition
 not as stressful, allows for creativity, performance and skills: not as data driven...
Term
 What type of data is farenheit?
Definition
 Equal Interval
Term
 NARNA (steps to testing an ELL)
Definition
 N - Native LanguageA - Assistance (outside)R - Refer (someone who can)N - Non VerbalA - Authentic
Term
 Accommodation
Definition
 Access part, you give them an interpreter or something
Term
 Modifications
Definition
 the test is changed or they use a completely different test...
Term
 Antecedent
Definition
 trigger (before behavior)
Term
 Latency
Definition
 time between antecedent and behavior
Term
 contrived vs.
Definition
 naturalistic observation
Term
 obtrusive vs.
Definition
 unobtrusive
Term
 Systematic Observation
Definition
 using the grid he showed us in class, over time, multiple settings, objective,
Term
 Due Process
Definition
 When laws are broken, going to court, mediation, etc.
Term
 Procedural safeguards
Definition
 stuff put in place so that laws are actually followed... consent forms etc.
Term
 IFSP's are a part of
Definition
 Public Law 99-457
Term
 Validity is boss
Definition
 all other technical considerations are only really smaller parts of validity.
Term
 504 Plan
Definition
 More related to access, provides wheelchairs and so forth
Term
 IEP Plan
Definition
 This pertains to a child- who needs to qualify for special education - actually affects his education
Term
 IFSP
Definition
 is an IEP for little children, ages 0-3
Term
 Public Law 94-142.
Definition
 Came BEFORE IDEA, school age children, to provide special education for them, before public law 94-142 most of the arguments were about assessments, but with 94-142 they started to talk about how to help special ed kids...i think?
Term
 99-457
Definition
 0-3, preschool laws
Term
 Do true scores effect reliability?
Definition
 True score does not effect the reliability because we don't even know what it is... ha.
Term
 Halo effects
Definition
 when children are treated like angels... because you view them that way :)
Term
 PARC
Definition
 Free and appropriate education and helped kids with mental retardation
Term
 L.E.A. stands for
Definition
 Local Educational Agency... aka the school board
Term
 The district doesn't always know it's stuff...therefore
Definition
 take responsibility for yourself
Term
 Criterion referenced tests have less stability than norm referenced tests...true or false
Definition
 true.
Term
 How long are test norms good for?
Definition
 up to 8 years
Term
 Kurtosis
Definition
 Is related to dispersion
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