Shared Flashcard Set


Art History
Undergraduate 2

Additional Art History Flashcards




- spiritual emotional change/ challenge for herself and the audience
- stood behind a table, on the table was a loaded gun and other violent things
- invited audience to use the items whichever way they want
- a test of the audience, how comfortable to you feel doing something to a complete stranger
- didn’t think anyone would have the guts to pick up a loaded gun
- people began to threaten her – she was injured and ended up calling off the performance before she had intended to
risks escalated quickly, more than she had expected

Bruce McLean - Pose Work for Plinths - 1971


•    Student of Anthony Caro
•    Formal in his approach, an idea in his generation of challenging the idea of sculpture through performance
•    1971 and 1974 mocked traditional values and expolored where art can go.
•    Comment on Henry Moore
•    Minimalist notion of repition
•    Artist as art and as sculpture
•    Up and coming performance art mentality
•    Art seems to be a source of fame for the artist so why not make the artist art
•    Looking at the tradition of art history and calling them bull shit


Chris Burden - Shoot - 1971


- How much he can take and how much the audience can watch

- A friend fired a bullet with him with a planned spot in his arm
- Reenacting society that’s happening in the state
--> guns are a huge topic of debate in the state
- accident is possibility
- continued making work that was very dangerous to itself




Sol LeWitt - Cube Structure Based on 9 Modules - 1976-77


•    looks as though it would fit Greenberg’s ideas perfectly
•    based on ratios allowing people to intellectually understand not emotionally
•    text as complement to art work but not the work itself
•    work subject to viewing context
•    randomness and chance have some elements within it relating to duchamp, but he would never admit to there being any chance in it
•    cube open frame
•    like conceptual art often started with a system form which art is generated

•    Viewer will see it as the light and gallery change it but more importantly as a mathematical equation – nothing emotional to understand, but it does jut into your space
•    isnt really conceptual art but crosses over boundaries with it




Victor Burgin - Office at Night - 1986


•    Photograph is like any other sign systems
•    Not truthful, its constructive just as any other art medium is constructive
•   Impact of social roles shown

•    Sets up the picture next to other mediums
•    Copy of Edward hoppers’ the office at night
•    The secretary is almost like the sex object but not overtly
•    Just an object but also insinuates how sign systems play into how we view our own social roles


POST MODERNISM/ social commentary/ documents


Carrie Weems - Untitled - 1990


•    There is text that goes with this series of photos
•    Staged, but that doesn't matter

•    Speaking of the everyday relations that we have
•    The idea of what goes around the kitchen table is just as important as what happens in our own space
•    Photography
•    Artist takes on a very social role




Thomas Struth - Art Institute of Chicago I - 1990


•    Series made of images taken of people at galleries
•    Set up of different levels of viewing (like adod hannah)
•    His work seems as though you aren’t looking at an art piece you are looking at the art of looking
•    You become self conscious of yourself at the gallery
•    Post modernism inherited the challenge to the viewers space and the viewer from modernism DOCUMENTS/POSTMODERNISM

Bernd and Hiller Becher - Gas Tower (telescoping type) Off Polanski Bridge - 1981

Jennifer Bartlett - Rhapsody  - 1975-76


•    started her career as a conceptual artist
•    decided she would eliminate all that she didn’t like from the painting
•    used hobby store enamel painting, focus on the act of paint – like later challenges to art – more available paint than oil
•    used a system that was not only grids but arbitrarily decided what would go in the squares – conceptual
•    grouped the squares by loose things like colours and what not
•    never commited to one style, but commited to the idea which is conceptualist
•    eventually expanded her pallet using more colours and styles form figural/abstract etc
•    inheritance from conceptualism – based on an idea and a system whether or not they fit the old rules of painting
•    rejecting the idea of a personal style, you cant tell by the painting that its her
•    can look at it any way you want – you create your own narrative as the viewer




Richard Prince - Untitled Cowboy - 1993


•    drawn from advertising, Marlboro Advertisement
•    taken portions of already existing photos and making them his own work
•    Marlboro man is a manly mans man, playing on the idea of how men are represented in this advertising - and questions it
•    if you want to be rugged and tough you should smoke Marlboro
•    court case in the 1840s because a photographer had taken a photo of a country manner, the owner sued the photographer
•    you cant own a picture of my house
•    photography is a representation, so he had just made a representation of it
•    image of the house not the reality of it
•    photographer of the advertisement sued Prince for taking his photo – replied I took a photograph of your photograph, took a representation
•    less than an 80% similarity - a reapropriation




Barbra Kruger - We Won't Play Nature to Your Culture - 1983


- Idea that women are more nurturing, Men are more part of industry

- women are seen as part of nature - she is challenging this


Ilya Kabako - the man who flew into space from his apartment


•    Moved to Czech and made a series of these
•    Takes a white gallery room and reconstructs someone else’s identity and their like
•    Makes a room inside of the white room for the contraptions
•    We have arrived after the event
•    Creates a fictional character
•    The idea of presence through absence there’s no figure or person here but we have an idea of the person who once lived in this room
•    Walking into a space that is no longer neutral it’s a fictional world of someone else’s – how we construct personalities through the objects you have

Museum as an anonymous site:
•    Site specificity is not a necessity
•   one museum is easily exchanged for another one
•    A return to narrative elements – for a while (post Greenberg) narrative wasn’t part of art- With the post modern shift to pluralism it allows for the return of narrative
•    The viewer is left to construct a narrative and make one up
•    Personal in the public
•    False sunrise/sunset
•    Installed in Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall
•    Popular draw
•    People sunbathing in it
•    He’s installed a mirror on the ceiling with bulbs underneath, hall is full of dry ice so there’s mist in the air
•    Kept at a warm temperature
•    Bringing us back to contact with natural processes
•    Problem of art vs. entertainment

Christine Hill - Volksboutique - 1997


•    Opened a used clothing store and functioned as such
•    Positioned in terms of an art installation
•    Pulls a question of social issues, why do we need used clothing stores
•    Makes a social difference and can help people


Eric Fishcl - Bad Boy


•    Well versed in conceptual thought
•    Took up the idea of realism to obscure what was going on in his paintings
•    Work is much more sophisticated than it appears
•    Style similar to American realism of pre war period but transformed to fit examination of suburban neuroses and repressions

•    First an abstract expressionist then “broke free” of other peoples styles
•    Used a grid – project a slide on the canvas then he would graph on little squares and paint each square one by one
•    Allows him to work around other peoples styles
•    End result looks realistic even though its based on conceptual minimal practices
•    Minimalist in creation projected image, gridded, and copied as accurately as possible
•    Attention should be on the craft – reference to the process art that came earlier
•    Wanted to draw more attention to what he’s actually painting than on the style

Alice Neel - Linda Nochlin and Daisy


•    People ignored the work she was doing for years
•    Figural historians came to find her – a direct anticendant to what we’re seeing in art now
•    Went from completely unknown to having solo shows in the moma
•    Idea of post modernism and its challenge ended up encorporating more artists than had been completely changing the history
•    Saw herself as a collector of soul
•    Interested in the soul of people who sat for her – wanted their presence to shine through the work
•    Inspired fear in her sitters that she would see an iner personality that they had tried to hide from others
•    The artist could perceive things that no one else could perceive
•    Thought that this was returning to the idea of the artistic genious that they had thought they released – criticism
•    Became a key figure in the feminist reading of art history even though she wasn’t sure where she stood in feminism


Susan Rothenberg - Two-Tone


•    Figuration but also realistic representation
•    The focus is more on the materiality of paint
•    Meeting place between realism and abstraction – neither is fulfilled
•    Imagery on the edge of figuration and abstraction as form is reodid by painterly strokes
•    Inner imagery combined with mythical forms
•    A lot of her work deals with horses – sees it as a wild loyal object stood for human feel in the past
•    Connected to the history of art


Anselm Keifer - Wayland's song


•    based on a series of scandanavian poems
•    based on the poems that have become charged subject matter after the war because of hitlers use of them
•    taps into german romantic tradition
•    interested in personal identity and cultural origins
•    based on the Eddas on which Wagners the Rings of the Nibelung also based

Mierle Ukeles Hartford Wash Washing Tracks,
•    Domestic duties of women and making the labour that they do without pa and make it very public
•    Idea as paid domestics – cleaning ladies and maids
•    Making public jobs that women had been socially pushed into public

Adrian Piper - I am the Locus #2 - part of the mythical being series


•    interested in social interactions and feeling as otherness
•    goes out to very white areas as a black man
•    the idea of playing a role in society
•    forcing people to react to her so she could experience other identities
•    interested in conventions of social interaction, especially in regards to otherness
•    self-objectification, not only does she make herself into a work of art but she puts herself out to be looked at
•    played a lot with identity and how people see it


Carol Sheeman - Interior Scroll


•    Paints her body to outline the image of a nude
•    Reads from the book
•    Starts pulling a long thin scroll from her vagina
•    As the scroll goes on it begins to address more and more women, their bodies and the difference between their art

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