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Art in Context Final
Art History
Undergraduate 2

Additional Art History Flashcards








"The School of Athens"


-Pope Julius II asked him to decorate his library

-known as "the summation of Renaissance art"

-had Plato and Aristotle

-figures idealized



-Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome


Katsushika Hokusai



"Skeleton Ghost, from One Hundred Tales"

-polychrome woodblock print

-inspired by th ancestors of the spirits that appear in today's anime films

-design was approved; carve carves block "key block"; carver carves the colored blocks; blocks sent off to the printer; then back to the publisher



-Musee National des Arts Asiaques-Guimet, Paris 


The Serpent Mound



-near Locust, Ohio


-first thought to be burial sites from the Hopewell People (wrong)

-now they think is was in response to sighting of Halley's Comet in 1066

-1070 c.e.

-1,300 feet uncoiled


Yayoi Kusama



"Fireflies on the Water"

-mirror, plexiglass, 150 lights, and water

-room lined with mirrors, relflecting pong in the center, lights hanging from the ceiling


-Whitney Museum of American Art, NY


Christo and Jean-Claude



"The Gates"

-installation in Central Park

-based off orchestral piece called "Fanfare for the Common Man" by Aaron Copeland

-makes $ off the drawings along the way, not the end result

-energizes people and makes relationships

-Feb. 12-27, 2005

-23 miles long with 7,503 gateways


Artemisia Gentileschi



"Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holofernes"

-oil on canvas

-in Baroque era

-lighted her figure dramatically and had the background in shadow to make if pop

-basically just used light and dark to make drama



-The Detroit Institute of the Arts


Jacques-Louis David



"The Death of Marat

-oil on canvas

-gives sense of tragedy by having everything at the bottom and having light come in on his body to make it glow

-his purpose was to make Marat look like a saint



-Musee Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels


Court of the Lions



-in the Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain

-made of stucco screens

-Nasrids were the last Islamic dynasty in Spain

-turned into Christian

-built by Andalusian architects (people of south Spain)

-mid-14th century


Edoud Manet



"Le Dejeuner sur l'herbe"

-oil on canvas

-found in Salon de refuses

-"Luncheon on the Grass"

-he wanted to join artist in painting modern life

-he wanted to prove that modern life could make eternal subjects worthy of the great masters of the museums

-used Titian's and Raphael's work

-used extreme values which made it flat

-perspective is off



-Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Gayleen Aiken

-made puppets, drawings, and paintings

-inspired from hometown, Vermont

-known as "outsider art" (self taught)

-Nazis thought that art resembled mentally ill

Howard Carter

-opened King Tut's tomb in 1922

-like a grave robber in a way

-Carter's sponsor died of mosquito

-connected it with the "curse of King Tut"

-with time there is a difference between grave robbing and archeology

Elisabeth Vigee Lebrun

-Marie Antoinette asked her to make 20 some portraits

-went to Rome, Vienna, St.Petersburg, and Moscow

-spent 6 years in Russia

-was supposed to paint Catherine the Great but she died

-returned to Paris then travelled some more to London and Switzerland

-wrote memoirs

-wrote: "I hope to end peacefully a wandering and even laborious but honest life"




William-Adolphe Bouguereau


-1st museum for impressionism was in Paris: The Jeu de Paume

-they moved it to the Gare d'Orsay: an old railroad turned into a museum

-William-Adolphe Bougeureau made "The Birth of Venus"

-he started with romantic themes then realized people like Venuses and cupids

-the Gare d'Orsay reopened as Musee d'Orsay instead

-now known as the 1st exhibition hall of our post modern era

Pablo Picasso

-began in art school in Barcelona, Spain but didnt like the formality of it

-after he saw work of Van Gogh, Gauguin, and Lautrec he moved to France

-art classified into "periods"

:Blue Period:poverty/depression

:Rose Period:paintings include harlequins and acrobats

:Cubist Period:worked with painter Georges Braque

:Neoclassical Period:figures took on Greek sculpture qualities

-made 2,000 some ceramics in 1 year

-married 2 times:Olga Koklova and Jaqueline Roque

-had kids with Olga, Marie, and Francoise

-stated: "People who try to understand pictures are barking up the wrong tree"

Alice Neel

-said: "No i dont paint like a man, but i dont paint like they expect a woman to paint"

-family is "anti-bohemian"

-went to Phily School of Design and married "the cuban"

-after divorced she went back to NY and worked on WPA (depression program to help artists)

-lived with "the sailor" till he burnt her stuff

-also had "the Puerto Rican singer"

-had 4 kids

-grandkids were subjects for her art

-liked to call herself a "people painter" not a portraitist

-didnt have her 1st big show till she was 74

-said: "the most important thing about art is to find your own road"

The Guerrilla Girls

-stood up for minority (sexism and racism)

-posters said: "what do these artists have in common?"; "do women have to be naked to get into the Met. Museum?"; and "the advantages of being a woman artist"

-wore guerrilla masks with short skirts and lacy stockings, waving bananas

Visual Culture

-15th century the printing press took over visual pictures for communication

-study of art culture exposes us to the lenses of global culture, art history, and visual analysis

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni

-born March 6, 1475 & died Feb 18, 1564

-painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, & poet

-1st artist to have 2 biographies written about him

-Giorgio Vasari was chief biographer (wrote 1st encyclopedia of artist-in Florence)

-6 well known pieces:

1. The Doni Tondo-round painting, color triad, complicated but simple

2. Conversion of St. Paul- fresco

3. Bruges Madonna-carving of marble, in Belgium

4. Pieta-Madonna was bigger

5. David-in Italy, not proportioned

6. Madonna and Child-in Medici Chapel

Sistine Chapel

-built for Pope Sixtus IV for meetings

-in Vatican, Rome

-built upon old chapel named Capella Magna

-only entrance is internal

-Michelangelo painted from windows up

-middle done by Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, Perugina, and Roselli

-bottom covered by drapes from Rapheal

-ceiling is done with technique "buon fresco" or "true fresco"

-"The Last Judgement" is in front of chapel

Lauentia Library San Lorenzo

-in Florence

-when Michelangelo died he was buried in Santa Croce, Florence and Vasari designed his tomb


Leonardo DaVinci



"Mona Lisa"

-based on sitter, Lisa Gherardini del Giocondo

-on balcony overlooking rocks and water

-oil on panel

-attracts over 5 million visitors a year

-Musee du Louvre, Paris




James Hampton



"Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations' Millenium General Assembly"

-gold and silver foil, colored craft paper, and plastic sheets over wood, paperboard, and glass

-was a janitor in Wash D.C. for a long time

-work was found in garage after death

-his version of the "second coming" in the Book of Revelation


180 pieces

-National Museum of American Art Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.



August Rodin



"The Kiss"

-carved white marble statue



-Musee Rodin, Paris


Pablo Picasso




-oil on canvas

-depicts Spanish Civil War when Germans bombed the city of Guernica, Spain

-for the people for the Spanish Paviolon

-25'x12' (huge)

-no color


-Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid

-Picasso didnt want it in Spain with Franco

-when he died they moved it but didnt know what city to move it to: Madrid or Guernica

-Madrid won

-the Basque Nationalist Movement considers that Madrid kidnapped their rightful cultural stuff


Henri Rousseau



"The Dream"

-oil on canvas

-nude woman on seatless sofa, unreal wild animals, unreal foliage, and a native playing an instrument

-he liked to copy plants from fantasy books

-they think the naked woman might be Eve because of the way shes laying (like Adam)



-The Museum of Modern Art, NY


Thomas Cole



"The Oxbow (View from Mt. Holyoke, Northampton, Mass., After a Thunderstorm)"

-oil on canvas

-depicts looping (oxbow) Connecticut River from Mt. Holyoke

-added some extra things like the trees and the storm



-The Met. Museum of Art, NY


The Color Wheel



-colors found in Newton's prism plus the transitional color of red-violet

-primary colors: red, yellow, blue (I)

-secondary colors: orange, green, violet (II) 2 primary colors mixed

-intermediate colors: tertiary colors (III) a primary color and an adjacent secondary color mixed, like yellow-green 


Georges Seurat



"A Sunday on La Grande Jatte"

-oil on canvas

-used optical color mixtures

-placed many dots on canvas to make colors (Pointillism)



-The Art Institute of Chicago


Joseph Mallord William Turner



"THe Burning of the Houses of Parliament"

-oil on canvas

-good example of asymmetrical balance

-he was eye witness to it all form the Thames River

-shows good balance with the fire on the left and the bridge on the right

-street lamp on bottom makes us look to the left



-Philidelphia Museum of Art


Henry Osawa Tanner



"The Banjo Lesson"

-oil on canvas

-used emphasis and subordination

-used size and placement to emphasize the old man and young boy

-set them in the foreground

-posed them so their visual weights combine

-contrasted values of dark skin and pale background

-used directional lines of sight to make focal point on banjo

-banjo is lighter in color than everything else

-he blurred the background



-Hampton University Museum, Hampton, Virginia

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