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Art History of the Cinema Quiz 4 Terms
Art history of the cinema quiz four terms, quiz on march 29
Art History
Undergraduate 2

Additional Art History Flashcards




Claude Monet
- Definition: French impressionist painter
o Date: 1840-1926
o Fact: famous painting “water lilies”
o Fact: famous painting “impression, soleil levant”
o Fact: died of lung cancer on December 5, 1926 at the age of 86
- Definition: artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Europe
o Date: began in the second half of 18th century
o Fact: validated strong emotion in the art and literature, often depicted horror and terror and awe
o Fact: Beethoven was considered to be a musician influenced by the romanticism style
o Fact: art work that shows romanticism style- The Voyage of Life by Thomas Cole
Gothic Revival
- Definition: architectural movement that began in the 1840’s in England
o Date: began in 1840’s in England
o Fact: also referred to as Victorian Gothic or Neo Gothic
o Fact: Cathedral of Learning in Pittsburg (example of gothic revival architecture)
o Fact: Palace of Westminster in London (example of gothic revival)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
- Definition: Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century romanticism of French expression.
o Date: 1712-1778
o Fact: his political philosophy influenced the French revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought
o Fact: Major work- Four letters to M
o Fact: Major Work- confessions of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
o Fact: Major work- essay on the origin of languages
Louis Daguerre
- Definition: French artist and physicist recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography
o Date: 1787-1851
o Fact: Daguerre apprenticed in architecture, theater design, and panoramic painting with Pierre Prevost
o Fact: Daguerre went public with his daguerreotype in 1839
o Fact: dead of a heart attack in July of 1851
William Henry Fox Talbot
- Definition: British inventor and pioneer of photography
o Date: 1800-1877
o Fact: inventor of calotype process
o Fact: his work in the 1840’s on photo-mechanical reproduction led to the creation of photo glyphic engraving
o Fact: holder of a patent which some say affected the early development of commercial photography in Britain
o Fact: active in politics and a strong supported of the Whig ministers
Edouard Manet
- Definition: French painter
o Date: 1832-1883
o Fact: Music in the Tuileries (early piece of art created by Manet)
o Fact: painted Olympia in 1863
o Fact: Self portrait with Palette, 1879
Louis Sullivan
- Definition: American architect known for his work with modern architecture and creation of sky scrapers
o Date: 1856-1924
o Fact: known as “father of skyscrapers” and “father of modernism”
o Fact: considered the creator of modern skyscrapers
o Fact: was a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright
o Fact: considered one of “the recognized trinity of American architecture”
o Fact: Wainwright building
- Definition: a 19th century art movement that originated with a group of Paris based artists.
o Date: 19th century
o Fact: characteristics include relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes
o Fact: Claude Monet is an impressionism painter
o Fact: Claude Monet, Water Lilies
Eadweard Wuybridge
- Definition: english photographer
o Date: 1830-1904
o Fact: known for pioneering work on animal movement which used multiple cameras to capture motion
o Fact: known for his zoopraxiscope a device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible film strip
o Fact: immigrated into the United States in 1855
o Fact: Stanford horse debate
Universal pictures
- Definition: American movie studio
o Date: founded in 1912
o Fact: Carl Laemmle was the founder
o Fact: oldest American movie studio that is still in continuous production (next oldest is paramount)
o Fact: Walt Disney teamed up with Ub Iwerks and created Oswald the lucky rabbit- this was under universal and not Disney and had a large theatrical run
o Fact: in 1914 “By the sun’s rays” was released and created here, one of the first films created at universal
Karl Freund
- Definition: cinematographer and film director most noted for Metropolis, Dracula, and I love lucy
o Date: 1890-1969
o Fact: other famous films he directed- the mummy and mad love
o Fact: only film in which freund had an acting cameo was Michael
o Fact: designed the flat lighting system that is still used today (this lighting system covers the set in light which eliminates shadows and allows 3 moving cameras without having to modify the lighting in between shots)
o Fact: he went to Germany and saved his daughter from a concentration camp, his wife was not as lucky and ended up in ravensbruck concentration camp
- Definition: 1931 horror monster film made by universal pictures and directed by James Whale
o Date: 1931
o Fact: adapted from the book written by Mary Shelley
o Fact: stared Colin Clive, Mae Clarke, John Boles, and Boris Karloff
o Fact: has caused much controversy and censorship debate due to the scene where the monster throws the little girl into the lake
o Fact: the laboratory from metropolis reappears in Frankenstein
Busby Berkeley
- Definition: highly influential Hollywood movie director and musical choreographer
o Date: 1895-1976
o Fact: drill sergeant in army
o Fact: oversexed alcoholic
o Fact: 5 marriages, kills 2 with his car
o Fact: Influenced by John Murray Anderson- start with a simple show on stage and continue with that into a type of fantasy world
Five Hitchcock Characteristics (detailed and specific)
- One: Germanic influences – stimmung, werden, psychic acoustics
- Two: pure cinema- influence of the silents
- Three: appearance vs. reality
- Four: kammerspiele- reveal story through inner feelings, nuance, gesture light, shadow
- Five: fuses DW Griffith and Ma Reinhard- stimmung plus editing
- Six: criminality- blind justice, society’s innocent victims, ineffective police
- Seven: object power
- Eight: object correlative (also used by Fritz Lang in Metropolis)
- Nine: the gradual slide into chaos- build up to the big moment (stars with dull normality, stir in lurking evil, black mail)
- Ten: denial of the expected
- Eleven: original sin
- Twelve: black humor
- Thirteen: the Hitchcock cameo
Salvador Dali
- Definition: prominent Spanish surrealist painter
o Date: 1904-1989
o Fact: known for his striking and bizarre images
o Fact: best known work was The Persistence of Memory (1931)
o Fact: another well known work- Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate a second before awakening
- Definition: American media company involved primarily in the production and distribution of films and television programs
o Date: founded in 1924
o Fact: full title- Metro Goldwyn Mayer Inc.
o Fact: founder was named Marcus Loew
o Fact: was the dominant motion picture studio in Hollywood from the silent film era through WWII
o Fact: First film made completely by MGM “he who gets slapped” in 1924
Gene Kelly
- Definition: American dancer, actor, singer, film director, producer, and choreographer
o Date: 1912-1996
o Fact: known for his energetic and athletic dancing style, his good looks and likeable characters that he played on screen
o Fact: known for his performances in Singin’ in the Rain and An American In Paris
o Fact: received an Academy Honorary Award in 1952 for his career achievements
o Fact: was married three times during the course of his life
Fred Astaire
- Definition: American film and Broadway stage dancer, choreographer, singer, and actor
o Date: 1899- 1987
o Fact: originally used a lot of angular dance moves but by the 1930’s he shifted to a more graceful linear swaying style
o Fact: associated with Ginger Rogers who he made 10 films with
o Fact: made 31 musical films during his 76 year career in film
The belle of New York
- Definition: 1952 musical comedy film set in New York staring Fred Astaire and Vera- Ellen
o Date: 1952
o Fact: the musical failed at the box office and failed to impress critics at the time
o Fact: was originally supposed to be filmed in 1946 but Astaire put it off due to “retirement”
o Fact: was distributed by MGM
o Fact: had over a 2 million dollar budget
Danny Kaye
- Definition: celebrated American actor, singer, dancer, and comedian
o Date: 1913- 1987
o Fact: stared in 17 movies during his career some of these include: the court jester, the kid from Brooklyn, the secret life of Walter mitty
o Fact: first ambassador at large of UNICEF organization
o Fact: has 3 Hollywood walk of fame stars for his music, radio, and films
Bing Crosby
- Definition: American singer and actor
o Date: 1903-1977
o Fact: known for his bass- baritone voice which made him one of the best recording artists of the 20th century
o Fact: most popular hit single “white Christmas”
o Fact: won academy award for best actor for his role as father Chuck O’Malley in the movie Going My Way
John Nash and the Royal Pavilion
definition: fashionable English seaside resort for the prince regent constructed by John Nash a British architect
a. date-1815-1818
b.fact1:inspired by the Taj Mahal
c.fact2: Indian Gothic style
d.fact3: located in Brighton
-echoes eastern forms that attracted Coleride whose style incorporated exotic sounds of faraway places and suggest Romantic taste for endless time and places
Camera Obscura
Definition: optical device that projects an image of its surroundings on a screen
o Date: 15th century ad
o Fact: in order to work, light from an external cene passes through the hole in one side, which strikes a surface inside where it is reproduced upside down but with color and perspective preserved. The image can be projected onto paper and then create a accurate representation
o Fact: First recorded account was by Leonardo da Vinci
o Fact: Since then has be refined to create the modern day camera
-during early 17th century Kepler created a portable camera obscura, resembling a tent
Carl Laemmle
Definition: American film making pioneer and founder of Universal Pictures 1912
o Date: 1867-1939
o Fact: immigrated to the United States in 1884 when he was 17
o Fact: Jewish-German immigrant that was influenced from the cabinent of dr. caligari
o Fact: Bought 230 acres next to Los Angeles and started Universal Picture
- Definition: cultural movement that began in the early 1920’s and is best known for its visual arts and writings
o Date: 1920’s
o Fact: most pieces of art feature an element of surprise
o Fact: members of the Dada movement were inspired by surrealism
o Fact: interest in depicting dream images, contributed to 20th century break with certain traditional techniques.
-focused on automatism, or creation w/o control
-gerorgio de Chirico is an example , he drew on irrational childhood fears and skewed perspectives for his art
Samuel Goldwyn
Definition: American film producer and founding contributor executive of several motion picture studios
o Date: 1879-1974
o Fact: founded the Goldwyn Company which was later bought by Marcus Loew
o Fact: Gave Vera-Ellen Her first Hollywood contract
o Fact: obsessed with the comedian Danny Kaye
Vera Ellen
definition- partnered with fa mous talent as Fred Astaire,
Fact: was in ‘on the town” with Gene Kelly (1949), “white Christmas” “belle of New York”(1952)
Fact: first Hollywood contract by Samuel Goldwyn
Fact: smallest waist in Hollywood
White Christmas
Definition: American song and dance film
o Date: 1954
o Fact: vera ellens most enduring role
o Fact: vera ellen was paired with her old friend and partner danny kate and a ensemble group that featured Bing Crosby and Rosmary Clooney
o Fact:1st film shot in vista vision and was also in Technicolor irving berlin was the production supervisor
The Rothschilds
Definition: family that established European banking and finance houses starting in the late 18th century
o Date: 1954
o Fact: during the 1800’s the family was believed to have possessed the largest private fortune in the world as well as the largest fortune in modern world history
o Fact: Chateau de Montvillargeene, Rothschild family house in france
o Fact:victor was an orphan and grew up poor despite the family name.
- Represented royalty to public mind despite most their money came from owning managing gas stations.
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