Term

Definition
Vector: magnitude and direction
scalar: only magnitude 


Term

Definition
quantity of molecular material that comprise an object 


Term

Definition
force at which is attracted toward the center of the earth by gravity 


Term

Definition
mass of air per unit of volume 


Term
How are a force and a moment related? 

Definition
force is push or pull exerted on a body. Produce motion along a line.
A moment is a tendency to produce motion about a point or axis. It is created by applying force to a lever arm to induce rotational motion about an axis 


Term

Definition
force acts on a body and moves it. w=F*s 


Term

Definition


Term

Definition
ability to do work
TE=PE+KE 


Term

Definition
ability of a body to do work because of its position or state of being 


Term

Definition
ability of a body to do work because of motion
KE=1/2 mV^2 


Term
Newtons First Law of Motion 

Definition
Law of Equilibrium: body at rest....motion in a straight line at a constant velocity 


Term
Conditions of equilibrium 

Definition


Term
Newtons Second Law of Motion 

Definition
Law of Acceleration: unbalance force produces an acceleration in the direction of the force that is directly proportional to the force and inversely proportional to the mass of the body. 


Term
Newtons Third Law of Motion 

Definition
Law of Interaction: for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction 


Term
Define Static Pressure. Change in Ps with altitude? 

Definition
weight of a column of air over a given area. decreases with an increase in altitude. 


Term
Change in air density with increase in altitude? 

Definition
density decrease with increase in altitude 


Term

Definition
measure of the average kinetic energy of air particles 


Term
change in air temperature in standard atmosphere from S.L. to 66,000 feet? 

Definition
air temp decrease 2*C per 1000 feet until 36000 feet. Isothermal layer with a constant temp of about 56.5*C exists from 36000 to 66000 ft 


Term
difference Trimmed and Equilibrium flight 

Definition
trimmed flight: exists when sum of the moments acting about CG equals zero
Equilibrium exist sum of the forces and moments about the CG equals zero 


Term
air density with an increase in humidity 

Definition
air density decrease with increase humidity 


Term
air viscosity. Increase in temperature? 

Definition
measure of air's resistance to flow or shearing. increases with an increase in temperature 


Term
Primary Factor: speed of sound in air 

Definition


Term
sea level conditions in standard atmosphere 

Definition
Static Pressure: 29.92 inHG (1013.25 mbar)
Temp: 59*F (15*C)
Avg Lapse Rate: 3.5* F (2.0*C)
density: .0024slugs/ft3 (1.225 g/l)
LSOS: 661.7 kts (340.4 m/s) 


Term
General Gas Law.
Relationship between temperature, pressure, and density 

Definition
pressure=density*constant R*temperature
Given constant pressure, density will decrease with an increase in temperature
P=pRT 


Term

Definition
heavier than air
fixed wing
engine driven prop or gas turbin jet
dynamic reaction of airflow over its wings 


Term
fuselage contruction of T34C 

Definition
semi monocoque fuselage consisting of stringers, transverse frame member, and the skin 


Term
variety of wing has no external bracing 

Definition


Term

Definition
ailerons on the wing
rudder and elevator on the empennage



Term
primary source of directional control 

Definition


Term
airplane center of gravity 

Definition
point at which all weight is considered to be concentrated 


Term

Definition
longitudinalroll
lateralpitch
directionalyaw 


Term

Definition
length of a wing from tip to tip 


Term
difference between chordline, chord, tip chord, root chord, and average chord 

Definition
chordline: imaginary straight line drawn through the leading and trailing edges of an airfoil
chord: is the length of the chordline from the leading edge to the trailing edge of the airfoil
Avg chord: geometric average of every chord from the root to tip
Tip Chord: length of chord at wing tip
Root chord: length of chord at wing root 


Term
define wing area and formula 

Definition
surface area of wing, wingtip to wingtim including area within the fuselage and nacelles
S=bc 


Term
define taper, taper ratio, and sweep angle 

Definition
taper is reducting in the chord from wing root to tip. Taper ratio is ratio of tip chord to root chord
/\= Ct/Cr
Sweep angle is angle between a line drawn 25% aft of the leading edge and line parallel to lateral axis 


Term
aspect ratio? B52 bomber aspect ration? High performance fighter? 

Definition
aspect ratio is ratio of wing span to the average chord
B52 has aspect ratio, fighter have low aspect ratio 


Term
Angle of incidence. Can the angle of incidence ordinarily be changed? 

Definition
angle formed between the chordline of an airfoil and the longitudinal axis of the airplane. It is fixed 


Term
Define wing loading and formula of calc? 

Definition
ratio of airplane's weight to the surface area of its wings
WL=W/S 


Term

Definition
angle between the spanwise inclination of the wing and the lateral axis 


Term
Continuity Equation. Variables? When may the density variable be cancelled? 

Definition
p1A1V1=p2A2V2. A is cross sectional area, and V is velocity. p may be cancelled if altitude remains constant and airflow is subsonic 


Term
Continuity equation, if velocity of incompressible fluid is to double, what must happen to the cross sectional area of the flow? 

Definition


Term
Bernoulli's equation. Condition does total pressure remain constant? If Pt is constant, how do q and Ps relate? 

Definition
Pt=Ps+q. Total pressure remains constant in a closed system. Ps is inversely related to q, if Pt is constant 


Term
Pitot static system (bernoulli) 

Definition


Term
given altitude, true about pressure in the static pressure port of the airspeed indicator. 

Definition


Term
IAS and TAS? Equation relating the two? 

Definition


Term
Will IAS equal TAS? vary with increase in altitude? 

Definition


Term
maintaining constant true airspeed during climb? 

Definition


Term
TAS of airplane at a 6 NM/min with a 100 kt tailwind= TAS? 

Definition


Term
8 NM/min G.S. =TAS 600kts, head or tailwind? 

Definition


Term
Mach number and critical Mach Number (Mcrit) 

Definition


Term
Mach number with increase in altitude 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term

Definition


Term

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
Mean camber line. type of airfoil with MCL 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
static pressure with increasing AOA on symmetric airfoil 

Definition


Term
aerodynamic force and equation 

Definition


Term
two component forces that make up AF 

Definition


Term
lift equation and 3 factors pilot can control 

Definition


Term
level flight with decreasing airspeed 

Definition


Term
CL curves for symmetric and positive camber airfoils and difference 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
orientation of the lift vector to the relative wind 

Definition


Term
constant airspeed and increased AOA to below CLmax. what happens? 

Definition


Term
decrease airspeed and constant AOA. 

Definition


Term
increase airspeed and decrease AOA 

Definition


Term
increase airspeed and increase AOA greater than CLmax 

Definition


Term
constant airspeed and decreased AOA 

Definition


Term
laminar and turbulent flow 

Definition


Term
feature of airflow separation? Boundary layer separation and how the separation point move along the airfoil? 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
increase speed affect stalling AOA 

Definition


Term
In a stall, result of AOA? 

Definition


Term
Stall speed and normall stall speed equation 

Definition


Term
relationship of stall speed to gross weight and altitude? 

Definition


Term
vertical component of thrust supports a portion of gross weight during a ___ stall, reducing stall speed by approximately ___ knots in the T34C. 

Definition


Term
purpose of high lift devices? affects on stalling AOA 

Definition


Term
two boundary layer control devices and how slots work? 

Definition


Term
effects of flaps on lift and drag 

Definition


Term
high lift devices that increase the camber of an airfoil. Which are found on T34C? Which produces the greatest increase in CLmax 

Definition


Term
Benefits of wing root to stall first? 

Definition


Term
Geometric and aerodynamic twist? 

Definition


Term
General steps in a stall recovery? 

Definition


Term
drag and effecting factors 

Definition


Term
Coefficient of drag with an increase in AOA? When will the coefficient of drag equal zero? 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
equation of parasite drag and variables 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
parasite drag and velocity 

Definition


Term
results of upwash and downwash around an infinite airfoil 

Definition


Term
airflow about a finite wing and results of upwash and downwash 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
equation of induced drag and variables 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
induced drage and velocity relationship 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
increased airspeed vs induced and parasite drag 

Definition


Term
L/D ratio=calculation/represent/determine 

Definition


Term
Define L/Dmax and location on total drag curve 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
how power computed from thrust? 

Definition


Term
how is power computed from thrust? 

Definition


Term
Min Tr occurs_____ L/Dmax and min Pr occurs L/Dmax 

Definition


Term
Define thrust available and power available 

Definition


Term

Definition


Term
AOA for max Te will be____ for a turbojet and ____ for turboprop 

Definition


Term
airspeed for max Pe will be ____ for a turbojet and ____ for a turboprop. 

Definition


Term
How Tr and Pr curves affected by increased weight and altitude 

Definition


Term
how Ta and Pa affected by throttle/PCL setting? Altitude? Weight? 

Definition


Term
how altitude and weight affect Pe and Te 

Definition


Term

Definition

