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AP Definitions 11 (M-P words)
For AP English
18
English
11th Grade
11/02/2011

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Term
meticulous
(meh-TIK-eu-lus)
Definition
adj. excessively careful.

He was ____________ in his checking his accounts and never made mistakes.

Synonyms: careful, conscientious, conscionable, exact, fussy, heedful, painstaking, punctilious, punctual, scrupulous

Antonyms: none
Term
miserly
(MAI-zer-lee)
Definition
adj. stingy; mean.

The _________ old man hoarded his coins not our of prudence but out of greed.

Synonyms: cheeseparer, close, closefisted, niggardly, parsimonious, penny-pinching, penurious, tight, tightfisted

Antonyms: bountious, generous, altruistic, benevolent, charitable
Term
mitigate
(MI-ti-gayt)
Definition
v. appease.

Nothing he did could ___________ her wrath; she was unforgiving.

Synonyms: relieve, allay, alleviate, assuage, ease, lighten, mollify

Antonyms: intensify
Term
morose
(mohr-OHS)
Definition
adj. ill-humored; sullen

When we first meet Hamlet, we find him __________ and depressed.

Synonyms: crabbed, dorty, dour, gloomy, glum, saturnine, sulky, surly, ugly

Antonyms:blithe
Term
mundane
(mun-DAYN)
Definition
adj. worldly as opposed to spiritual.

He was concerned only with __________ matters, especially the daily stock market quotations.

Synonyms: earthly, earthy, sublunary, tellurian, telluric, terrene, terrestrial, uncelestial,

Antonyms: eternal
Term
notoriety
(noh-tor-AY-eh-tee)
Definition
n. disrepute; ill fame.

If the starlet couldn't have a good reputation, she'd settle for ___________.

Synonyms: fame, celebrity, ├ęclat, renown, rep, reputation, repute, opprobrious

Antonyms: none
Term
nullify
(NUHL-i-fai)
Definition
v. to make invalid.

Once the contract was ___________, it no longer had any legal force.

Synonyms: abolish, abate, abrogate, annihilate, annul, invalidate, negate, quash, undo, vitiate

Antonyms: none
Term
nurture
(NER-chur)
Definition
v. bring up; feed; educate.

We must ___________ the young so that they will develop into good citizens.

Synonyms: nurse, cherish, cultivate, foster, nourish, nursle

Antonyms: disregard, ignore, neglect, overlook, pass over, slight
Term
oblivion
(oh-BLIV-ee-ahn)
Definition
n. forgetfulness.

Her works had fallen into a state of __________; no one bothered to read them.

Synonyms: lethe, obliviousness, insensibleness, nirvana

Antonyms: alertness, awareness, consciousness, memory, recall, remembrance
Term
opaque
(oh-PAYK)
Definition
adj. dark; not transparent.

The _________ window shade kept the sunlight out of the room.

Synonyms: obscure, ambiguous, amphibological, equivocal, nubilous, tenebrous, uncertain, unclear, unintelligible, vague

Antonyms: transparent, transpicuous
Term
opulence
(OP-eu-lens)
Definition
n. wealth.

Visitors from less wealthy lands are ameazed and impressed by the __________ of this country.

Synonyms: 1. rich, affluence, moneyed, oofy, wealthy,
2.luxurious, capuan, deluxe, luscious, lush, palatial, plush, sumptuous, upholstered,
3. profuse, exuberant, lavish, prodigal, profusive, riotous

Antonyms: none
Term
ostentatious
(os-ten-TAY-shuhs)
Definition
adj. showy; pretentious.

The real hero is modest, never _________________.

Synonyms: chichi, flamboyant, orchidaceous, peacockish, peacocky, pretentious, splashy, swank

Antonyms: unostentatious
Term
pacifist
(PAS-i-fist)
Definition
n. one opposed to force; antimilitarist.

The ___________ urged that we reduce our military budget and recall our troops stationed overseas.

Synonyms: dove, pacificist

Antonyms: bellicist
Term
partisan
(PAR-ti-zahn)
Definition
adj. one-sided; prejudiced; committed to a party.

On certain issues of conscience she refused to take a __________ stand.

Synonyms: biased, colored, jaundiced, one-sided, partial, prejudiced, prepossessed, tendentious, unindifferent, warped

Antonyms: impartial, indifferent, unbiased, nonpartisan
Term
perfunctory
(per-FUNK-toh-ree)
Definition
adj. superficial; not thorough.

He overlooked many weaknesses when he inspected the factory in his ______________ manner.

Synonyms: automatic, mechanical, cursory, routine, usual

Antonyms: cordial, friendly, genial, hearty, warm
Term
peripheral
(pair-IF-er-al)
Definition
adj. marginal; outer.

We lived, not in central London, but in one of those _____________ suburbs that spring up on the outskirts of a great city.

Synonyms: accessorial, accessory, appurtenant, auxiliary, supplemental, supplementary, perimeter, border, edge, margin

Antonyms: chief, main, principal
Term
pervasive
(per-VAY-siv))
Definition
adj. spread throughout; permeating.

The ____________ odor of mothballs clung to the clothes and did not fade away until they had been thoroughly aired.

Synonyms: charge, compenetrate, impenetrate, impregnate, penetrate, percolate, saturate, transfuse

Antonyms: none
Term
philanthropist
(feh-LAN-throh-pist)
Definition
n. lover of mankind; doer of good.

When he grew older, he became famous as a __________________ and benefactor of the needy.

Synonyms: altruistic, benevolent, eleemosynary, good, humane, humanitarian

Antonyms: misanthropist
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