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American Mosaic 1st Test
N/A
28
Anthropology
Undergraduate 1
04/23/2009

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Cards

Term
What are the three types of Immigration. Name an example of each.
Definition
Voluntary(European Americans), Involuntary (African Americans)and In between (Indentured Servants: Chinese, Japanese, Irish, German)
Term
What is Lee's Theory of Migration?
Definition
There are push and pull factors that cause movement.
Term
What are Gordon's 3 Ideologies of Assimilation?
Definition
Anglo Conformity; The Melting Pot; Cultural Pluralism.
Term
What is Anglo Conformity?
Definition
Demanded that immigrants shed their own culture and form to the Anglo-Saxon way.
Term
What is the Melting Pot Ideology?
Definition
The blending of cultures to form the new race of "Americans".
Term
What is cultural pluralism?
Definition
Today, known as multiculturalism. The ideology that multiple cultures can co-exist in equality, still containing their own hues but painting a larger picture of America.
Term
What is Park's "Marginal Man?"
Definition
Someone who, through immigration, part of two world's and never fully a part of one. Purgatory.
Term
What is Gordon's differences between Cultural and Structural Assimilation?
Definition
Cultural assimilation is when an individual or individuals adopts some or all aspects of a dominant culture (such as its religion, language, norms, values etc.)
Structural Assimilation is when entering fully into the societal network of groups and institutions¬Ě of others.
Term
Which groups moved from South to North in the 3rd Wave of Migration?
Definition
Internal: African Americans, Mexicans, Native Americans and Puerto Ricans. European immigration was closed in 1924 at beginning of 3rd wave. Transformation of rural people into urban dwellers.
Term
How many American Indians did Thornton estimate were in the Western Hemisphere in 1492 when Columbus arrived?
Definition
Approximately 75 Million.
Term
Why do researchers believe Native people had few serious diseases prior to 1492?
Definition
The existence of fewer domesticated animals as well as the relative lack of large centers of population concentration.
Term
What is the meaning of "virgin social epidemics?"
Definition
This is when a new disease in a population becomes particularly virulent and spreads to virtually all members of a population, illustrated by the lack of immune systems in Native Americans.
Term
What were the effects of Smallpox upon Native Americans?
Definition
It was especially deadly because the epidemics of it occurred from the 1500s to the 1800s in waves.
Term
What is genocide?
Definition
The deliberate, state-sponsored mass murder of a people.
Term
What is the role of warfare with Europeans and Americans?
Definition
The warfare at the hands of Europeans and Americans reduced the native population, even to the brink of extinction for many Native American peoples.
Term
Tell me about Ishi of the Yahi Yana.
Definition
Ishi was the last surviving member of his people because of Californian racial genocide.
Term
What was the impact of large scale removals of natives to reservations and examples?
Definition
They were destructive demographically. Also, the broke tribes into different reservations, or threw tribes hostile to one another on the same reservation. Native Americans were encouraged to become farmers on their new, un-fertile land even though they were not an agricultural people. Also trail of tears from Southeast to "Indian" territory.
Term
What was the impact of destruction of buffalo and which groups affected?
Definition
Many Native American populations were dependent on buffalo for food, clothing, housing, tools and bedding. The groups affected were Cheyenne, Crow, Pawnee, Sioux, Arapaho, Comanche, Kiowa, Kaddo.
Term
What is the impact of Christianity and Farming upon the Native American population people?
Definition
The government created boarding schools and allotment acts to Christianize them and expose them to private property and making them into farmers.
Term
Tell me about the 1887 general allotment act.
Definition
So yeah..so..um..ummm. I think you should say..tribal lands were to be allotted to individual Americans...and then say...who received citizenship, farm implements and encouragement from Indian agents to adopt farming as a livelihood. Very few actually followed this advice, and very few were able to keep the land they were alotted due to tax foreclosures, need for cash, etc.
Term
What is checkerboarding?
Definition
When reservations are cut into different areas (this corner's for you, this middle part's for Mr. Wildhorse, this one for One-who-has-sex-often-with-cows) that causes a problem for reservation officials. Can't build roads and such.
Term
What was the Indian New Deal?
Definition
America stopped trying to detribalize the Native Americans, and acknowledged their culture was worthy of respect. New jobs developed infrastructure on Reservations.
Indian Reorganization Act allowed tribal government.
Term
What is the BIA?
Definition
Bureau of Indian Affairs of course.
Term
What is Self-Determination?
Definition
Means that Indian people had the autonomy to control their own affairs free from the paternalism government.
Term
What was the change in status of African Women?
Definition
They were removed from a stable social order, which gave them a specific place and function, and protected them with a traditional morality. With slave trade, they were made into commodities without anything previous.
Term
Identify the political significance of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to Mexicans living in U.S.
Definition
It ended the war between Mexico and U.S. and granted citizenship to Mexicans living in teh conquered territory. The treaty specified that Mexicans would enjoy "all rights as citizens," Unlike Blacks and Native Americans.
Term
What is the meaning of Manifest Destiny?
Definition
Manifest Destiny as an expression of White superiority is but on explanation for what became a clear rise of anti-Mexican sentiments in the 1850s.
Term
What are examples of American institutional racism towards Mexicans?
Definition
Determined to keep Mexicans from being part of the great American dream, they passed the "Greaser Law" and a "foreigner miners tax" in 1851 that restricted Mexican economic participation. They also printed in newspapers, referring to Mexicans as "there is little difference between them and the Negro race."
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