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American Government
Fundamental terms needed for course
33
Social Studies
9th Grade
09/16/2019

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Term
Senate
Definition
One of two houses of Congress
Has 100 members
Term
House of Representatives
Definition
One of two houses of Congress
Has 435 members
Term
First Amendment
Definition
Freedom of religion, press, speech, petition
Term
Second Amendment
Definition
Right to bear arms
Term
Fourth Amendment
Definition
Right from unlawful search and seizure
(must have search warrant)
Term
Fifth Amendment
Definition
Right against self-incrimination
(testifying against oneself)
Term
Federalism
Definition
Shared power between federal and state governments
Term
Political Party
Definition
an organization of people who share the same views about the way power should be used in a country
Term
Ballot
Definition
a process of voting, in writing and typically in secret
Term
Campaign
Definition
working in an organized way toward a particular goal, typically a political or social one
Term
Bill of Rights
Definition
First ten amendments
Term
Articles of Confederation
Definition
First form of government; weak central government and states not working together led to need for Constitution
Term
Legislative Branch
Definition
Makes laws
Made of Senate and House of Representatives
Term
Executive Branch
Definition
Enforces laws
Made of president, vice president, and many cabinets
Term
Judicial Branch
Definition
Interprets laws
Made of Supreme Court, Appellate Courts, and District Courts
Term
Speaker of the House
Definition
Leader of the House of Representatives
Member of majority political party
Third in line to be president
Term
Chief Justice
Definition
Leader of Supreme Court
Term
Constitutional Right
Definition
Rights provided to you in the Constitution
Term
Autocracy
Definition
government in which a single person holds unlimited political power
Term
Oligarchy
Definition
government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite
Term
Mixed Economy
Definition
economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of governmen regulation and promotion
Term
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Definition
the Supreme Court case that established the power of judicial review
Term
Concurrent Powers
Definition
powers that both the National Government and the States possess and exercise
Term
Reserved Powers
Definition
powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government and does not, at the same time, deny to the States
Term
Implied Powers
Definition
delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers set out in the Constitution
Term
Expressed Powers
Definition
those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution; also called the "enumerated powers"
Term
Claim private property for public use is an example of what type of power?
Definition
Concurrent Powers
Term
Political Party
Definition
group of persons who seek to control government through winning elections and holding public office
Term
Partisanship
Definition
government action based on a firm allegiance to a political party
Term
Bipartisan
Definition
supported by two parties
Term
Suffrage
Definition
right to vote [aka: franchise]
Term
Gerrymandering
Definition
drawing electoral district lines to the advantage of a party of group
Term
Lobbying
Definition
activities by which group pressures are brought to bear on legislators, the legislative process, and all aspects of the public-policy-making process
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