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Air Methods Checkride Prep
Part 135 Checkride Preparation
146
Aviation
Professional
04/02/2024

Additional Aviation Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
What are the minimum ceiling and visibility requirements for SVFR operations IAW the AMCGOM?
Definition
Day: 700' / 2 Miles
Night: 800' / 3 Miles
Term
What type of airspace is required in order to be granted a SVFR clearance?
Definition
Controlled airspace designated to the surface
Term
Is the IIMC Procedure Template required to be posted at the respective base, available to the pilot in the aircraft, or both?
Definition
Both
Term
When encountering deteriorating weather enroute, what options are available in accordance with the Air Methods GOM?
Definition
- Divert to an alternate destination
- Return to the departure point
- land and and notify the communications center
- continue the flight under IFR (regulations & conditions permitting)
- execute the IIMC procedure if the preceding options are not available.
Term
What are the steps used to maintain aircraft control during an IIMC recovery?
Definition
- Attitude (Level)
- Heading (Turn only to avoid known obstacles)
- Power (Adjust to climb power)
- Airspeed (Adjust to climb airspeed)
Term
When requesting assistance from ATC, what are the two requests that should be made and in what order?
Definition
- Radar vectors to VMC conditions
- vectors to the closest appropriate approach
Term
What steps are Involved in the IIMC recovery procedure?
Definition
- Maintain aircraft control
- climb to MSA
- de-goggle when safely able (if appropriate)
- make all turns no greater than standard rate
- contact appropriate ATC and declare an emergency (Squawk 7700 when able and report location/altitude/heading/fuel status/persons on board/state that IIMC and request assistance)
- complete the approach procedure to landing or VMC conditions
- maintain VMC and land
Term
FAR 135.207 is titled "VFR: Helicopter surface reference requirements." What does this regulation relate to?
Definition
It sets forth the requirements for helicopter surface reference for VFR flight.
Term
What is required by FAR 135.207 in order to operate a helicopter under VFR at night?
Definition
Visual surface light reference that is sufficient to safely control the helicopter.
Term
What is required by FAR 135.207 in order to operate a helicopter under VFR during the day?
Definition
Visual surface reference that is sufficient to safely control the helicopter.
Term
What topic is covered by section A021 in the Operations Specifications?
Definition
Helicopter Emergency Medical Services Operations
Term
What are the VFR weather minimums when operating in Class G (uncontrolled) airspace for Non-Mountainous flights in the local area during the Day? Night?
Definition
Day 800ft - 2sm
Night (with NVIS or TAWS) 800ft - 3sm
Night (without NVIS or TAWS) 1000ft - 3sm
Term
What are the VFR weather minimums when operating in Class G (uncontrolled) airspace tor Non-Mountainous flights outside the local area during the Day? Night?
Definition
Day 800ft - 3sm
Night (with NVIS or TAWS) 1000ft - 3sm
Night (without NVIS or TAWS) 1000ft - 5sm
Term
What are the VFR weather minimums when operating in Class G (uncontrolled) airspace for Mountainous flights in the local area during the Day? Night?
Definition
Day 800ft - 3sm
Night (with NVIS or TAWS) 1000ft - 3sm
Night (without NVIS or TAWS) 1500ft - 3sm
Term
What are the VFR weather minimums when operating in Class G (uncontrolled) airspace for Mountainous flights outside the local area during the Day? Night?
Definition
Day 1000ft - 3sm
Night (with NVIS or TAWS) 1000ft - 5sm
Night (without NVIS or TAWS) 1500ft - 5sm
Term
The pilot must ensure that all terrain and obstacles along the route of flight, except for takeoff and landing, are cleared vertically by no less than _____ during the day and _____ at night?
Definition
Day 300ft
Night 500ft
Term
When must cross-country weather minimums be utilized?
Definition
Any flight outside the local flying area is a cross-country operation. Pilots who have not passed local flying area knowledge tests within the previous 12 calendar months must use cross-country minima.
Term
Where can I find the description of a specific local flying area?
Definition
Operations Specifications A021
Term
When must the PIC Identify and document the highest obstacle along a planned route of flight?
Definition
Prior to each flight
Term
Are AMC pilots authorized by the FAA to conduct VFR flight operations based solely on indications by the ADDS HEMS Tool?
Definition
No, it can only be used to support VFR flight planning and controls only in the negative. It is applicable only in the "no-go" decision.
Term
Are the minimum altitudes for VFR operations that are listed in the GOM Intended for routine use?
Definition
No
Term
What is the minimum altitude that AMC helicopter pilots must maintain during the Day and Night? Are the enroute minimum altitudes for VFR intended for routine use?
Definition
At all times, with the exception of takeoffs and landings, AMC pilots will operate at an altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an emergency landing without undue hazard to persons or property on the surface. While enroute, AMC helicopter pilots will maintain at least the following minimum altitudes: Day 300ft AGL / Night 500ft AGL. These altitudes are not intended for routine use.
Term
If you falsify your pilot duty time logs, what action may be taken against you?
Definition
The commission of an act prohibited under paragraph (a) of this section is a basis for suspending or revoking any airman certificate, rating, or authorization held by that person.
Term
Refusal to submit to a drug or alcohol test is grounds for what type of action?
Definition
Suspension or revocation of any certificate, rating, or authorization issued under this part.
Term
You sustain an injury that requires you to take medication which causes drowsiness. Is your medical certificate valid?
Definition
No.

"Operations that require a medical certificate. Except as provided for in paragraph (b) of this section, a person who holds a current medical certificate issued under part 67 of this chapter shall not act as pilot in command, or in any other capacity as a required pilot flight crew member, while that person ... is taking medication or receiving other treatment for a medical condition that results in the person being unable to meet the requirements for the medical certificate necessary for the pilot operation."
Term
To act as a PIC or in any other capacity as a required flight crew member of a civil aircraft, what must the pilot have in his/her personal possession?
Definition
- Current Pilots license
- Current Medical
- Government issued photo ID
Term
As an Air Methods pilot you hold a First Class medical. For what period of time is this medical valid for operations at Air Methods?
Definition
A first class medical is valid for a period or through the last day of the sixth month following the date of the examination for operations which require an ATP Certificate, and the last day of the 12th month following the date of the examination for operations requiring a Commercial Pilot Certificate. Air Methods pilots only require a Commercial Pilot Certificate.
Term
If you lose your airman certificate or medical certificate and receive a facsimile from the FAA Aeromedical Certification Branch or the Airman Certification Branch for use while awaiting a replacement certificate, the facsimile is valid for?
Definition
60 days
Term
How long do you have, to notify the FAA of a permanent change of address?
Definition
30 days
Term
What documents must be on the aircraft for Part 91 operations?
Definition
- Airworthiness Certificate
- Registration
- Operators Manual
- Weight and balance
- Current charts and maps required for the flight
- Emergency and normal checklist.
Term
Your route of flight will take you directly over the parking lot of a local stadium hosting the MLB All Star Game. What type of restrictive airspace will overlay this event? Are you allowed to fly through that area on a PR flight? A patient flight?
Definition
Temporary Flight Restriction.

You may not fly through it on a PR flight, but the Administrator may allow a public health and welfare flights.
Term
The NASA ASAP form does not protect you in the case of what type(s) of offense(s)?
Definition
The Administrator of the FAA will not use reports submitted to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Aviation Safety Reporting Program (or information derived there from) in any enforcement action except information concerning accidents or criminal offenses which are wholly excluded from the Program.
Term
You receive a flight request to fly to a hospital 100 miles from your base site to pick up a patient. What information must you obtain prior to departing on this flight?
Definition
Each pilot in command shall, before beginning a flight, become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. This information must include, for a flight under IFR or a flight not in the vicinity of an airport:
- weather reports and forecasts
- fuel requirements
- alternatives available if the planned flight cannot be completed
- and any known traffic delays of which the pilot in command has been advised by ATC.
Term
During your pre-flight, you notice that the Airworthiness Certificate is faded, torn, and illegible. What actions must you take? Can you legally operate the A/C?
Definition
You must obtain a new Airworthiness Certificate. You may not operate the aircraft without it.

"No person may operate a civil aircraft unless the airworthiness certificate required by paragraph (a) or this section or a special flight authorization issued under §91.715 is displayed at the cabin or cockpit entrance so that it is legible to passengers or crew."
Term
What are the minimum safe altitudes for helicopter operations?
Definition
Anywhere: An altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an emergency landing without undue hazard to persons or property on the surface.

Over congested areas: Over any congested area or a city, town, or settlement, or over any open air assembly of persons, an altitude of 1000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal distance of 2000 feet of the aircraft.

Helicopters: May be operated at less than the minimums prescribed if the operation is conducted without hazard to persons or property on the surface, in addition, each person operating a helicopter shall comply with any routes or altitudes specifically prescribed for helicopters by the Administrator. d. Per the OPS Manual you must have 300 feel minimum day and 500 feet at night.
Term
How does Part 135 'officially' regulate the actions of your passengers (med crew, patient, family member) on an Air Methods aircraft?
Definition
This part prescribes rules governing each person who is on board an aircraft being operated under this part.
Term
For a PIC to operate for a Part 135 certificate holder under IFR, what must he/she pass every 6 months?
Definition
A pilot in command of an aircraft under IFR ... has passed an instrument proficiency check ...
Term
What must be completed under Part 135, and in what time frame, for a pilot to be legal to take off in an airplane when frost, ice, or snow may be expected to adhere?
Definition
... unless one of the following requirements is met: a pre-takeoff contamination check has been completed within 5 minutes prior to beginning takeoff.
Term
Are Pilot in Command responsibilities pertaining to aircraft airworthiness required to be covered in the Operations Manual?
Definition
Procedures for ensuring that Pilot In Command knows that required Airworthiness inspections have been made and that the aircraft has been approved for return to service...
Term
You are allowed 500 hours flight time in any calendar quarter. Are you therefore allowed 1000 hours of flight time in any 6 month period?
Definition
- 500 hours in any calendar quarter
- 800 hours in any two consecutive calendar quarters
- 1400 hours per calendar year.
Term
In an unpressurized aircraft, _____ percent of the occupants, other than the pilot, must be supplied with oxygen for flights between _____ and _____ feet lasting longer than 30 minutes?
Definition
- 10 percent of occupants
- between 10,000 and 15,000 feet MSL
- for that part of the flight at those altitudes that is of more than 30 minutes duration.
Term
For carrying passengers VFR over-the-top, what must the weather reports / forecasts indicate for the point of termination and for how long?
Definition
VFR over-the-top carrying passengers ... weather reports or forecasts indicate that the weather at the point of termination allows descent to beneath the ceiling under VFR and is forecast to remain so until at least 1 hour after ...
Term
What is the alcohol testing requirement for maintenance personnel, other than Air Methods maintenance personnel, when maintenance is required away from the aircraft home base?
Definition
... no certificate holder ... may use any person who meets the definition of 'covered employee' in appendix J to part 121 to perform a safety-sensitive function ... unless such person is subject to testing for alcohol misuse ...
Term
When an unsafe condition exists at the destination, and there is no acceptable alternative but to continue to the destination, is this considered a normal operation or an emergency situation?
Definition
No pilot in command may allow a flight to continue ... under conditions set forth in paragraph (a) [conditions that are a hazard to safe operations] ... unless there is no safer procedure ... the continuation ... is an emergency situation under 135.19.
Term
What is the minimum airman certification requirement to fly VFR under Part 135?
Definition
... pilot in command of an aircraft under VFR unless ... holds at least a commercial pilot certificate ... for an airplane, holds an instrument rating or an airline transport pilot certificate ...
Term
Is there a communication equipment requirement for operations under VFR over routes navigated by pilotage?
Definition
... operate an aircraft under VFR over routes that can be navigated by pilotage unless the aircraft is equipped with the two-way radio communication equipment necessary ... to ... communicate with at least one appropriate station, communicate with appropriate air traffic control facilities. Receive meteorological information.
Term
'Eligible on-demand operations' must meet what four requirements?
Definition
An "eligible on-demand operation" is an on-demand operation conducted under this part that meets the following requirements:
- two-pilot crew
- Flight crew experience
- Pilot operating limitations
- Crew pairing
Term
Does encountering any potentially hazardous meteorological condition in flight require any specific action on the part of the PIC?
Definition
Whenever a pilot encounters a potentially hazardous meteorological condition in flight, the pilot shall notify an appropriate ground radio station as soon as
practicable.
Term
What current materials are Air Methods required to provide to you the pilot?
Definition
- Airman's Information Manual
- this part & part 91
- aircraft equipment manuals, and aircraft flight manual.
Term
By regulation, what credential must an FAA inspector present to the PIC to gain access to the pilot compartment of the aircraft?
Definition
Whenever, in performing the duties of conducting an inspection, an FAA inspector presents an Aviation Safety Inspector credential, FAA form 110A, to the pilot in command ... given free and uninterrupted access to the pilot compartment of that aircraft.
Term
Does Air Methods, as the certificate holder, have any limitations on using an individual who has a prohibited drug in his or her system?
Definition
No certificate holder ... may knowingly use any person to perform ... any function listed in Appendix I to part 121 ... while that person has a prohibited drug ... in his or her system.
Term
Under 'normal flight planning', is there an allowance for exceeding flight time limitations?
Definition
A flight crew member is not considered to be assigned flight time in excess of flight time limitations if the flights to which he is assigned normally terminate within the limitations, but due to circumstances beyond the control...
Term
Is there an exception to the shoulder harness rule requiring a shoulder harness to be worn?
Definition
... except that the shoulder harness may be unfastened if the crew member cannot perform the required duties with the shoulder harness fastened.
Term
If you as a PIC are required by Air Methods to travel to a base other than your regularly assigned base for duty as a PIC, may you consider that travel time, either to or from that base, as part of a required rest period?
Definition
Time spent in transportation, not local in character. that a certificate holder requires of a flight crew member ... is not considered part of a rest.
Term
Other than those required for the medical concerns of the patient, is Air Methods allowed to carry any narcotic drug, marijuana, and depressant or stimulant drug on board any of the aircraft it operates?
Definition
No. If the holder of a certificate ... engaged in any operation ... in violation of 91.19(a) ... that operation is a basis for suspending or revoking the certificate. [91.19(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, no person may operate a civil aircraft...with knowledge that narcotic drugs, marijuana, and depressant or stimulant drugs or substances are carried in the aircraft.]
Term
Is Air Methods authorized to assign any specific non-flying duties to an employed PIC during any required rest period?
Definition
No certificate holder may assign any flight crew member to any duty with the certificate holder during any required rest period.
Term
As a PIC for Air Methods, is your flight time limitation concerned only with flight time incurred while in the employment of Air Methods?
Definition
No. ... for flight time as a member of a one- or two-pilot crew if that crew member's total flight time in all commercial flying will exceed...
Term
Emergency drill training is a requirement of the FARs. Name at least three of the items required to be trained?
Definition
Emergency training must provide the following:
- emergency assignments and procedures
- location, function, and operation of emergency equipment
- equipment used in ditching and evacuation
- first aid equipment
- portable fire extinguishers
- Instruction in the handling of emergency situations
- rapid decompression
- fire in flight
- ditching and evacuation
- illness, injury, or other abnormal situations
- hijacking
- review of certificate holder's previous aircraft accidents and incidents.
Term
For single pilot PICs, is an autopilot check required every 6 months?
Definition
... the autopilot check need only be demonstrated once every 12 Calendar months.
(Airplane only)
Term
What are the minimum altitudes for autopilot use in a rotorcraft?
Definition
This section does not apply to operations conducted in rotorcraft.
Term
Are there any restrictions to using a PIC who refuses to submit to a drug test required by Appendix I of part 121?
Definition
No certificate holder... shall knowingly use any person to perform... any safety­ sensitive function if the person has... refused to submit to a drug test required by Appendix I to part 121...
Term
What values are used to determine the current empty weight and balance at 36 month intervals?
Definition
... current empty weight and center of gravity are calculated from values established by actual weighing of the aircraft...
Term
If a required checkride is given in the month before or after the month the checkride is due, how does that change when the next checkride is given?
Definition
It doesn't.
... completes the test or flight check in the calendar month before or after the calendar month in which it is required... considered to have completed the test or check in the calendar month in which it is required.
Term
May we delegate operational control responsibility?
Definition
No, we may delegate tasks but we cannot delegate the responsibility.
Term
May the HEMS weather tool be used to make a go decision?
Definition
No, prohibited by the disclaimer on the website.
Term
Preflight planning requires a pilot to determine the highest obstruction or terrain feature and plan to clear it vertically by how much?
Definition
Day: 300ft
Night: 500ft
Term
How wide ls the preflight corridor?
Definition
No corridor in Op Spec
Term
Are LASHO ops approved?
Definition
Fixed Wing only
Term
What authorizes us to use standard average passenger weights for patients unable to be weighed or give their weights?
Definition
Op Spec A097 (the weights come from AC 12027)
Term
Who at Air Methods is designated to respond to Emergency AD's?
Definition
Director of Maintenance
Term
May we operate airplanes using a single long-range nav system such as a Garmin 430 for class II navigation?
Definition
Yes. IAW B054
Term
What section of the GOM covers flight ops?
Definition
Section 8
Term
How does the chief pilot maintain a current copy of the manual in all aircraft and on the portal?
Definition
Electronic transmission through chain of command and followed up with Publication Verification Forms
Term
Who is responsible to notify the CHDO of accidents, incidents, or other significant events?
Definition
Director of Operations
Term
Who manages the OCC. Drug & Alcohol Program and pilot records?
Definition
Aviation Compliance Manager
Term
Who must develop an adverse weather plan?
Definition
Lead pilot
Term
Where is the EMI/EFI Flight Test Profile found?
Definition
Director of Maintenance must be contacted for the form.
Term
Who is responsible to ensure training is both completed and documented?
Definition
PAM or ASM
Term
What 16 documents must be on board?
Definition
- General Operations Manual (Including Operations Specifications)
- Aircraft Maintenance Log
- Airworthiness Certificate (displayed at the cabin door or cockpit entrance so that it is legible to passengers and crew)
- Aircraft Registration
- Complete Aircraft Status Report
- Airplane or Rotorcraft Flight Manual
- Appropriate and current aeronautical charts for VFR or IFR operations
- One passenger briefing card per seat at a location convenient for the use of each passenger. The passenger briefing cards shall be appropriate for the aircraft configuration.
- Cockpit Checklist (meeting the requirements of 135.83)
- Daily Flight Log
- Deferred Discrepancy Report
- FCC radio station license (when required)
- IIMC Procedure
- Minimum Equipment List (If applicable)
- Preventive Maintenance Training Program, as applicable
- Weight and balance Information
Term
If a pilot declares an emergency, who shall he forward the report to?
Definition
DO and/or the CP who in turn will forward the report to the FAA within 1O days of the incident.
Term
If a flight is going to take a pilot beyond 14 hours of duty time, how far can he go?
Definition
15 hours, then manager's approval is required
Term
During hot refueling, a pilot trained for this procedure may go how far from the aircraft for the purpose of retrieving the fuel nozzle?
Definition
30 feet past the rotor arc.
Term
Where are documents for International Operations found?
Definition
Portal in international flight documents folder
Term
What are the requirements for operating in close proximity to other aircraft in flight?
Definition
- Briefing
- Communicate with each other
- only necessary persons on board
- No collision hazard
- Approval from CP or DO
Term
Are there times, trained medical personnel are responsible to ensure passengers receive a safety briefing?
Definition
No, the PIC Is always responsible to conduct the briefing or ensure trained medical personnel have conducted the briefing.
Term
To prevent runway incursions, what must every pilot do prior to hover/taxi operations?
Definition
Pilots operating aircraft without a SIC shall review airport diagrams prior to entry into the traffic pattern or prior to hover/taxi operations. Airplane pilots should have the airport diagram out for reference during all taxi operations. Pilots operating aircraft with an SIC will have the airport diagram out and available for reference by the pilot not flying during all taxi operations. Review all NOTAMs for runway/taxiway closures and construction areas.
Term
Who must participate in shift change briefings?
Definition
PIC, med crew and others as appropriate
Term
When shall sterile cockpit be in effect?
Definition
Critical phases of flight, taxi, takeoff, landing all other ops below 10,000 except cruise flight. Pilots must engage the medical personnel in a continuous, diplomatic, educational effort to make them aware of the need to limit conversations on the ICS during critical phases of flight to topics related to the conduct of the flight.
Term
When shall the W&B information be entered on the DFL/Load Manifest?
Definition
Prior to takeoff
Term
May helicopter pilots conduct LAHSO?
Definition
No.
Term
Obstructions should be cleared by a minimum of?
Definition
30ft during approach and departure and 15ft while on the ground
Term
What is the maximum rate of descent below 300ft AGL during an approach other than a normal approach to a clear area?
Definition
Below 300 FPM, that means at 300ft AGL the time to touch down should be at least 60 seconds
Term
To maintain a safe environment in an LZ, the aircraft state may be one of the following:
Definition
- Shutdown
- Ground idle, controls frictioned or locked. pilot remains within rotor disc
- Ground idle, pilot at controls, trained crew member guards area around aircraft
- Ground idle, pilots at controls, trained crew member briefs first responder to guard area around aircraft
Term
Min altitude for VFR night?
Definition
500ft
Term
What items must pilots announce on 123.025?
Definition
- Approach, at five miles from landing, at one mile from landing
- upon landing
- Departure, upon liftoff, at one mile from departure, at five miles from departure
Term
A turn on course will not be made until the aircraft has climbed at least?
Definition
- 300ft AGL day
- 500ft AGL night
Term
Pilots may request SVFR provided the ceiling and vis are at least?
Definition
- Day: 700ft, 2sm
- Night: 800ft, 3sm
Term
Who may operate tugs and other devices to move aircraft?
Definition
FBO employees and properly trained Air Methods employees
Term
When is a wing walker required?
Definition
When moving aircraft in tight quarters such as hangars and around other aircraft.
Term
May flight following duties be delegated to Communication Specialists?
Definition
Yes. If they have been trained they may perform this duty as agents for our Certificate but the certificate holder retains the responsibility.
Term
Your DME shows 1 mile. Where are you in relation to the DME station? What is your altitude?
Definition
Directly above the station at 6,000ft AGL
Term
When are ATIS broadcasts updated?
Definition
Upon receipt of any official weather, regardless of content change or reported values.
Term
What are the altitude and range boundaries of Terminal and Low Altitude VOR's?
Definition
- Terminal
- 1,000' AGL to 12,000' AGL out to 25 NM
- Low
- 1,000' AGL to 18,000' AGL out to 40 NM.
Term
You check NOTAMs at the beginning of your shift and note that the VOR located on the field at the center of the Class B airspace under which you generally fly is going to be out of service for the next 5 hours for maintenance. You depart on a flight and note that you hear the ID and the OBS appears to be receiving a signal. Should you use this as a source of navigation?
Definition
DO NOT attempt to fly a procedure that is NOTAM'd out of service even if the identification is present. In certain cases, the identification may be transmitted for short periods as part of the testing.
Term
Are Controlled Firing Areas charted? Who is responsible for the actions inside of a CFA when an aircraft approaches?
Definition
No. It is the responsibility of the agency using the CFA to suspend operations when an aircraft is spotted (by a spotter aircraft, radar, or a ground outlook station.)
Term
Must your Mode C be operable to fly above Class C airspace?
Definition
Yes, up to 10,000ft
Term
You are enroute to your destination and notice that your fuel situation has become critical (i.e. you are inside of your 20 minute reserve). ATC wants to vector you around the edge of the airspace for traffic separation. You declare "Minimum Fuel". Does this automatically give you traffic priority?
Definition
No. In order to be given traffic priority, you must declare an emergency.
Term
When an air traffic controller issues radar traffic information in relation to the 12-hour clock, what reference to the aircraft are they using?
Definition
Ground track
Term
You inadvertently enter a Presidential TFR. Two F-16's appear and fly in close formation with you and it becomes painfully clear that you are being intercepted. What frequency and transponder code should you use for the remainder of your flight?
Definition
121.5 and 7700
Term
Where would you find information concerning a taxiway closure?
Definition
NOTAM (L)
Term
You are on shift and during a weather check for a pending flight request, you notice that the latest METAR shows that the wind has shifted from 230 to 350, the temperature and dew point have dropped, and the pressure has begun to rise. What has happened?
Definition
A cold front has passed the area.
Term
What type of weather can you expect from moist, unstable air and very warm surface temperatures?
Definition
Strong updrafts and cumulonimbus clouds.
Term
You receive a call for a flight 1 hour before sunrise. It is mid-April and your weather check shows clear skies and light to no wind conditions. The visibility has reduced over the past two hours and the temp/dew point spread is nearing the 4 degree mark. What kind of conditions can you expect if you accept the flight?
Definition
Radiation fog may begin to form, especially if the winds are light.
Term
What are some symptoms of hypoxia?
Definition
- Feeling of exhaustion
- euphoria
- impairment of judgment and vision
- unconsciousness
Term
If the Pitot tube becomes clogged, which instrument becomes unreliable?
Definition
The Airspeed Indicator.
Term
How long is an Area Forecast valid?
Definition
VFR/MVFR for 12 hours with a 12-18 hour categorical outlook forecast for VFR, MVFR and IFR.
Term
What are the stages and life cycle of a Thunderstorm?
Definition
- Cumulus stage, up drafts
- Mature stage, rain begins to fall, up and down drafts
- Dissipating stage, down drafts when the rain has ended and the down drafts have abated the TRW has ended.
Term
What causes wind?
Definition
Pressure differences
Term
Your local news channel has interrupted its programming to announce that a line of severe thunderstorms are moving through your area. How is this same information transmitted to aircraft in flight?
Definition
Via a Convective SIGMET, relayed by ATC and available on HIWAS.
Term
How often is a Convective SIGMET updated?
Definition
Every hour while the phenomenon is continuing.
Term
What type of cloud formation would indicate to you the possibility of mountain-wave induced clear air turbulence (CAT)? Are these clouds always present when CAT Is present?
Definition
Standing lenticular are sometimes indicators of CAT. At times the air may be too dry for clouds to form yet a mountain wave (of which standing lenticular clouds are indicators) exists.
Term
While on final to a runway, you notice a large, transport category airplane beginning his take-off from the same runway? What are your concerns and how should you react?
Definition
Wake turbulence. Try and land so you do not reach the mid-point of his take-off roll.
Term
What hazardous condition might you expect if virga was reported in the vicinity of your flight route?
Definition
Strong down draft associated with a Microburst.
Term
What are the two greatest hazards to aviation presented by a thunderstorm?
Definition
Turbulence and hail.
Term
May you turn off aircraft exterior lights during HNVGO operations?
Definition
You may turn off the anti-collision light if it presents a hazard. Position lights may not be turned off.
Term
May you modify the aircraft external lights, by taping them for instance?
Definition
No. We are not authorized to modify external lights.
Term
Must you utilize an aircraft landing light, search light or night sun for takeoffs and landings under HNVGO?
Definition
Yes
Term
Is it acceptable to take a flight under HNVGO if you wouldn't accept that flight if the NVGs were not available for the flight?
Definition
No
Term
What weather minimums are necessary for both local and cross country flights conducted as HNVGO?
Definition
[image]
Term
How low may you operate when conducting HNVGO?
Definition
- Enroute 500ft
- Reconnaissance 300ft
- Below 300ft operations may be conducted if the aircraft is STC'd and the pilot and at least one crew member are trained.
Term
In order to remain current how frequently must you perform HNVGO?
Definition
- Pilots may perform duties as PIC of FAR Part 135 passenger carrying operations with NVGs if 6 HNVGOs have been performed within the following look-back period:

The look-back period commences 2 calendar months prior to the month in which the NVG passenger carrying operation is scheduled, and ends the day prior to the scheduled passenger carrying operation.

- Pilots may perform duties as PIC (without passengers) to obtain the required 6 HNVGOs within the above described look-back period if 6 HNVGOs were completed within the following look-back period:

The look-back period commences 4 calendar months prior to the month in which the NVG passenger carrying operation is scheduled, and ends the day of the scheduled passenger carrying operation.
Term
When conducting the preflight NVG checks what guidance must be used?
Definition
ITT 4949 Operators Manual or M949 Operators Manual
Term
Discuss the procedures utilized when focusing the NVGs.
Definition
ITT 4949 Operators Manual or M949 Operators Manual
Term
What is the field of view expected when utilizing NVGs?
Definition
40 Degrees.
Term
What type of vision do you utilize when utilizing NVGs?
Definition
Photopic or Day Vision
Term
Op Spec A050 specifies weather minimums for HNVGO operations. Are they applicable to Air Methods pilots?
Definition
Yes. AMC GOM BA1 specifies weather minimums A050 is controlling for NVG Operations and is the same as Op Spec A021
Term
How long can you expect it to take to re-dark adapt after utilizing NVGs?
Definition
3-5 minutes
Term
What are some self imposed stresses that might impact your ability to safely conduct operations, including night and NVG operations?
Definition
Drugs, Exhaustion, Alcohol, Tobacco, and Hypoglycemia.
Term
Name five visual illusions that you might experience at night.
Definition
- Structural Illusion
- Altered planes of reference
- Auto kinetics illusion
- Confusion of ground lights w/stars
- False horizons
- Fixation
- Flicker vertigo
- Height Perception illusion
- Relative motion
- Reversible perspective
- Size distance illusion
Term
What might cause you to experience spatial disorientation while utilizing NVGs?
Definition
- Bank angles in excess of 30 degrees
- Improper scanning
- Flicker vertigo
Term
What common NVG malfunctions would render them unsuitable for operation?
Definition
- Shading
- Edge glow
- Flashing/flickering
Term
What common NVG malfunctions might be acceptable depending upon the severity of the problem?
Definition
- Fixed noise/Honeycombing
- Distortion
- Veiling glare
- Dark/black spots
- Bright spots
- Emission points (stars)
- Output brightness variation
- Image disparity
Term
Who may conduct NVG Flight Training for Crew Members?
Definition
Any NVG qualified PIC
Term
What NVG flight training must take place to qualify a Crew Member?
Definition
Three NVG landings to unimproved sites separated by enroute phases.
Term
What are the NVG currency requirements for Crew Members?
Definition
Three NVG landings to unimproved sites separated by enroute phases within 6 months.
Term
What monocular cues do we use to estimate distance and depth?
Definition
- Geometric Perspective:
- Linear perspective
- Apparent foreshortening
- Vertical position in the field
- Retinal Image Size:
- Known size of object
- Increasing/decreasing size
- Terrestrial association
- Overlapping contours
- Aerial Perspective:
- Variation in color or shade
- Loss of detail/texture
- Light/Shadows
- Motion Parallax
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