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the Dirty Thirties
a decade of despair
40
Social Studies
11th Grade
06/22/2015

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Term
how did the economic boom in the twenties help start the great depression?
Definition
different stocks were being sold at a small cost not bringing enough income into Canada
Term
What happened to the price of wheat on the world market?
Definition
the value of wheat decreased
Term
how did overproduction contribute to the great depression?
Definition
many industries were creating more products than sold products which contributed to layoffs in factories
Term
what did high tarriffs do to contribute to the great depression?
Definition
the tariffs slowed down the world trade
Term
how was Germany's financial issue create problems for the world economy?
Definition
Britain and France were depending on Germany's reparations to fix europe to pay of the US. However, Germany was in poverty after the war so the US could not get their money
Term
What were the main causes of Canada leading to the Depression?
Definition
the value of wheat decreased, overproduction, wold demand of candian products decreased
Term
Pogey
Definition
government relief payments to those who had no other source of income
Term
what was the poverty rate in Canada during the depression?
Definition
1 in 5 families were unemployed
Term
how did the drought on the praries hurt Canada?
Definition
there was not way of growing crops which left many families on the praries poor and hungry
Term
when did the drought start?
Definition
1928
Term
how long did the drought last for?
Definition
almost 8 whole years
Term
what happened to Immigrants during the depression?
Definition
they were treated with hostility since Canadians beleived it was because of them the depression started
Term
how did King respond to this depression?
Definition
He beleived that this was only temporary so therefore it would fix itself. He also gave the famous five cent speach which with this attitude lost the 1930 election to RB Bennet
Term
what did RB Bennet think the best solution for the depression was?
Definition
he set up relief camps that paid poor and did pointless and meaningless jobs, he raised canada's tariffs by 50% however built trade bariers between Canada and the rest of the world and he arrested the leaders of the communist party of Canada
Term
What was the on to ottawa trek?
Definition
it was a group of over a thousand men who left work camps to protest the awful conditions within them
Term
where was the on to Ottawa trek stopped as they were trevelling to Canada?
Definition
they were stopped at Regina where the RCMP only allowed the leaders to got to Ottawa to talk to Prime Minister Bennet
Term
how many people were arrested in Regina?
Definition
the RCMP arrested 130 members with one death and many injured
Term
What was the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation?(CCF)
Definition
it was a party formed in the west in 1932 that appealed to Canadians including farmers, labourers and intellectuals
Term
Who was J.S. Woodsworth?
Definition
he was the leader of the CCF?
Term
What was the belief of the CCF?
Definition
it was to spend more oney on public works to create employment
Term
What were two parties that were formed during the great depression?
Definition
the CCF and the Social Credit Party
Term
who was the leader of the social credit party?
Definition
William Aberhart
Term
What did william Aberhart promise to Alberta if he won the provincial election?
Definition
he would give 25 dolars to every family to help them get out of the depression?
Term
why was William Aberhart unable to give money to Alberta?
Definition
the supreme court wouldn't allow it since the money was distributed by the Federal Government, not the Provincial Government
Term
what were the provincial solutions to solve the depression?
Definition

Ontario-Mitch Hepburn did lttle for the unemployed

Quebec-Maurice Duplessis ran his province like an absolute dictatorship

BC-Dufferin Pattullo introduces reforms to shorted the work day and increase wages but these programs were short lived

Term
What happened in the election of 1935?
Definition
Bennet was elected out of office since no one liked him and canada went back to Mackenzie King
Term
what were some of the distractions that were created to keep peoples mind off the depression?
Definition
the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) adn the Dionne quintuplets
Term
Who was Tommy Douglas?
Definition
He was the premier of Saskachewan whose solution to help stop the depression in Saskatchewan was to give province wide free medicare which helped financial hardships
Term
What 3 nations in europe became dictatorships during the depression?
Definition
The Soviet Union, Italy and Germany
Term
Facism
Definition
opposed to democracy, relying on military and police power to maintain control. Government controls the media and used propaganda to promote the ideals of teh states
Term
How did Germany feel about the treaty of versailles?
Definition
they were mad since they technically didn't start the great war however were blamed for it and needed to fix all the problems of the war
Term
benito mussolini
Definition
he was the dictator of Italy who led a single Facist party to lead Italy and take over the republican government
Term
who was Adolf Hitler?
Definition
He was the leader of the Nazi Party in Germany and the instigator of World war 2
Term
When did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany?
Definition
January of 1933
Term
What was the problem with the Nazi Party in Germany and the Facist party in Italy?
Definition
they were racist, considering themselves the master race and better than everyone else. Funny how people who were blond and had blue eyes were the master race. So how was hitler part of that master race when his hair was brown and he had brown eyes browner than a river in india.
Term
Who were persecuted in Nazi occupied europe during WW2?
Definition
Jews mostly along with Homosexuals, Gypsies and those with disabilities
Term
what was the first part of the treaty of versailles that Germany violated?
Definition
they moved troops intro the rhineland when not allowed
Term
what were other parts of the treaty of versailles that the Germans violated?
Definition
Germany invaded austria, Gemany was building a larger army which included a navy and Air force, they invaded Czechslovakia and invaded poland without conscent from anyone
Term
when did ww2 start?
Definition
September 3rd, 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany and Canada declared war a week after.
Term
What was the St. Louis?
Definition
it was a ship carrying over 900 Jewish refugees from Europe, however Canada didn't let them enter and sent back the ship where most of the refugees were killed in Nazi death camps
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