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Photoshop Chapter 2
Theory Questions
60
Computer Science
12th Grade
09/20/2010

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Cards

Term
As shown in the accompanying figure, ____ is the technique photographers, designers, and artists use to create the illusion of three dimensions on a flat or two-dimensional surface.
Definition
perspective
Term
Designing a preliminary layout sketch to help you make choices about placement, size, perspective, and spacing is referred to as creating a ____.
Definition
All of the above
Term
Like most formats, PSD can support files up to ____ in size.
Definition
2 GB
Term
____ are useful when the part of an image or photo that you wish to select fits into rectangular or elliptical shapes.
Definition
Marquees
Term
If you press the ____ key while drawing a selection, the marquee is created from the center.
Definition
ALT
Term
Pressing ____ while drawing a selection starts from the center and constrains the proportions.
Definition
SHIFT+ALT
Term
To activate the Add to selection button, you can click it on the options bar or hold down the ____ key while dragging a second selection.
Definition
SHIFT
Term
When dragging selections, most designers ____.
Definition
begin at the upper-left corner and drag down and to the right
Term
To reposition the selection border and its contents, you use the ____ tool.
Definition
Move
Term
Activating the Move tool by pressing the ____ key on the keyboard allows you to move the selection border and its contents by dragging them in the document window.
Definition
V
Term
To choose a transformation command, click the ____ menu, point to Transform, and then click the desired transformation.
Definition
Edit
Term
A small ____ point is displayed in the center of a selection when you choose a transformation.
Definition
reference
Term
Using the mouse in conjunction with the ____ command on the Transform options bar allows you to drag a side of the bounding box.
Definition
Skew
Term
Using the mouse in conjunction with the ____ command on the Transform options bar allows you to drag a corner sizing handle to stretch the bounding box.
Definition
Distort
Term
After you are finished making transformations, you ____ changes by pressing the ENTER key, for example.
Definition
commit
Term
To display the Transform options bar, create a selection and then press ____.
Definition
CTRL+T
Term
On the Reference point location button, the ____ square is selected by default.
Definition
middle
Term
The ____ palette records each change or new state of the file on which you are working.
Definition
History
Term
Each time you apply a change to an image, the new ____ of that image is added to the bottom of the History palette.
Definition
state
Term
If you select a state and change the image by accident, you can use the ____ command on the Edit menu to restore the eliminated states.
Definition
Undo
Term
You can give a state a new name called a(n) ____.
Definition
snapshot
Term
By default, the History palette lists the previous ____ states.
Definition
20
Term
The ____ tools are used to draw a freehand selection border around objects.
Definition
lasso
Term
The term ____ refers to the ability of objects to attach, or automatically align with, a grid or guide.
Definition
snapping
Term
Photoshop allows users to create, customize, and save keyboard shortcuts for ____.
Definition
All of the above
Term
_________________________ refers to placing visual elements into a pleasing and readable arrangement.
Definition
Layout
Term
When the _________________________ check box in the Save As dialog box is checked, Photoshop automatically appends the word, copy, to the file name.
Definition
As a Copy
Term
The _________________________ tools let you draw a marquee that selects a portion of the document window.
Definition
marquee
Term
A(n) _________________________, like the one shown in the accompanying figure, is a selection that displays with a flashing or pulsating selection border sometimes described as marching ants.
Definition
marquee
Term
The _________________________ tool selects a rectangular or square portion of the image or photo.
Definition
Rectangle Marquee
Term
The _________________________ tool allows you to select an ellipsis, oval, or circular area.
Definition
Elliptical Marquee
Term
If you press the SHIFT key while dragging a marquee, Photoshop _________________________ the proportions of the shape creating a perfect square or circle.
Definition
contrains
Term
The _________________________ tool allows you to select a single row of pixels.
Definition
Single Row Marquee
Term
The _________________________ tool allows you to select a single column of pixels.
Definition
Single Column Marquee
Term
The _________________________ allows you to save and reuse toolbar settings.
Definition
Tool Preset picker
Term
The _________________________ button allows you to draw a new marquee.
Definition
New Selection
Term
The _________________________ button allows you to draw an adjacent rectangle or ellipsis to expand a selection.
Definition
Add to selection
Term
The _________________________ button allows you to deselect or remove a portion of an existing selection.
Definition
Subtract from selection
Term
The _________________________ button allows you to draw a second rectangle or ellipsis across a portion of the previously selected area, resulting in a selection border only around the area in which the two selections intersect.
Definition
Intersect with selection
Term
Selecting the _________________________ means selecting everything in the image except the previous selection.
Definition
inverse
Term
_________________________ softens the edges of the selection for blending into backgrounds.
Definition
feathering
Term
When using the Elliptical Marquee tool, you can further specify blending by selecting the _________________________ check box to adjust the blocklike, staircase look of rounded corners.
Definition
Anti-alias
Term
When using the Rectangle Marquee tool or the Elliptical Marquee tool, you can click the _________________________ box arrow to choose how the size of the marquee selection is determined.
Definition
style
Term
On the Style box arrow, the _________________________ style sets the selection marquee proportions by dragging.
Definition
normal
Term
On the Style box arrow, the _________________________ style sets a height-to-width ratio using decimal values.
Definition
Fixed Aspect Ratio
Term
On the Style box arrow, the _________________________ allows you to specify exact pixel values for a marquee’s height and width.
Definition
Fixed Size
Term
The _________________________ button in the Photoshop toolbox is used to move or make other changes to selections.
Definition
Move Tool (V)
Term
If you press and hold the ALT key before dragging, you _________________________ or move only a copy of the selected area, effectively copying and pasting the selection.
Definition
duplicate
Term
Available on the Move options bar, the _________________________ check box is used to select layer groupings or single layers.
Definition
Auto-Select
Term
Available on the Move options bar, the _________________________ button automatically aligns multiple layers based on similar content.
Definition
Auto-align layers
Term
Available on the Move options bar, the _________________________ check box causes Photoshop to display sizing handles on the selection border and adds a center reference point indicator to the selection.
Definition
Show Transform Controls
Term
In Photoshop, the word _________________________, refers to making physical changes to a selection.
Definition
transform
Term
When you choose a transformation or when you click the Show Transform Controls check box on the Move options bar, Photoshop displays a(n) _________________________ or border with six sizing handles around the selection.
Definition
bounding box
Term
In _________________________ mode, the Transform options bar is displayed and the associated shortcut menu displays the transformation commands.
Definition
transformation
Term
If you choose _________________________, you must use the mouse techniques to perform the transformation.
Definition
Free transform
Term
After you are finished making transformations, you _________________________ changes by pressing the ENTER key, for example.
Definition
commit
Term
On the left side of the Transform options bar, Photoshop displays the _________________________ button; each of the button’s nine squares corresponds to a point on the bounding box.
Definition
Reference point location
Term
When you click the _________________________ button on the Transform options bar, the movement of the selection is relative to the current location of the selected reference point.
Definition
Use relative positioning for reference point
Term
When you click the _________________________ button on the Transform options bar, the aspect ratio of the selection is maintained.
Definition
Maintain aspect ratio
Term
The Magic Wand options bar has a(n) _________________________ box that allows you to enter a value that determines the similarity or difference of the pixels selected.
Definition
tolerance
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