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Organizational Behavior
Test 2
28
Management
Undergraduate 3
03/22/2011

Additional Management Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Motivation
Definition
a set of of energetic forces that originate both within and outside an employee, initiates work-related effort, and determines direction, intensity, and persistence.
Term
Engagement
Definition
high levels of intensity and persistence in work effort
Term
Expectancy Theory
Definition
cognitive process that employees go through to make choices among different voluntary responses.
Term
Expectancy
Definition
the belief that exerting a high level of effort will result in the successful performance of some task.
Term
Self-Efficacy
Definition
the belief that a person has the capabilities needed to execute the behaviors required for task success.
Term
Vicarious experiences
Definition
taking into account their observations and discussions with others who have performed such tasks.
Term
Emotional Cues
Definition
feelings that create levels of beliefs in oneself
Term
Instrumentality
Definition
the belief that successful performance will results in some outcomes
Term
Valence
Definition
reflects the anticipated value of outcomes associated with performance
Term
Extrinsic motivation
Definition
motivation that is controlled by some contingency that depends on task performance.
Term
Intrinsic Motivation
Definition
motivation that is felt when task performance serves as its own reward.
Term
Goal Setting Theory
Definition
views goals as the primary drivers of the intensity and persistence of effort.
Term
Self-set Goals
Definition
the internalized goals that people use to monitor their own task progress
Term
Task Strategies
Definition
learning plans and problem-solving approaches used to achieve successful performance.
Term
Task Complexity
Definition
reflects how complicated the information and actions involve in the task are, as well as how much it changes.
Term
Goal commitment
Definition
the degree to which a person accepts a goal and is determined to try to reach it
Term
SMART Goals
Definition
beneficial goal characteristics;

Specific
Measurable
Achievable
Result-Based
Time-Sensitive
Term
Equity Theory
Definition
motivation doesn't just depend on your beliefs and circumstances but also on what happens to other people.
Term
comparison other
Definition
some person who seems to provide an intuitive frame of reference for judging equity
Term
Equity Distress
Definition
an internal tension that can only be alleviated by restoring balance to the ratios.
Term
Cognitive Distortion
Definition
allows you to restore balance mentally, without altering your behavior in any way
Term
Internal Comparison
Definition
they refer to someone in the same company
Term
External Comparison
Definition
they refer to someone in a different company.
Term
Physiological Empowerment
Definition
an energy rooted in the belief that work tasks contribute to some larger purpose.
Term
Meaningfulness
Definition
captures the value of a work goal or purpose, relative to a person's own ideals and passions.
Term
Self-determination
Definition
a sense of choice in the initiation and continuation of work tasks
Term
Competence
Definition
captures a person's belief in his or her capability to perform work tasks successfully.
Term
Impact
Definition
the sense that a person's actions "make a difference"- that progress is being made toward fulfilling some important purpose.
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