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Organizational Behavior 14 Leadership: Styles and Behaviors
Leadership: Styles and Behaviors
31
Management
Undergraduate 3
12/13/2010

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Term
leader-member exchange theory
Definition
explains how leader-member relationships develop over time on a dyadic basis, can explain those differences exist

new leader-member relationships typically marked by role taking phase
Term
role-taking phase
Definition
manager describes role expectations and employee attempts to fulfill them with job behaviors
Term
role making
Definition
employee's own expectations for the dyad get mixed in with those of the leader

sometimes supplements role taking phase
Term
leader effectiveness
Definition
the degree to which the leader's actions result in the achievement of the unit's goals, the continued commitment of the unit's employees, and development of mutual trust
Term
leader emergence
Definition
the process of becoming a leader
Term
leader decision-making styles
Definition
autocratic
sonsultative
facilitative
delegative
Term
autocratic style
Definition
leader makes decision alone w/o asking for opinions/suggestions
Term
consultative style
Definition
leader presents the problem to individual employees or a group of employees, asking for their opinions and suggestions before making the decision himself
Term
facilitative style
Definition
leader presents problem to group of employees and seeks consensus on a solution
Term
delegative style
Definition
leader gives an individual employee or group responsibility for making the decision within some set of specified boundary conditions
Term
time-driven model of leadership
Definition
suggests that focus should shift away from autocratic, consultative, facilitative, and delegative LEADERS to SITUATIONS

decision significance
importance of commitment (must employees buy in?)
leader expertise
likelihood of commitment
shared objectives
employee expertise
teamwork skills
Term
day-to-day leadership behaviors
Definition
initiating structure
consideration
readiness
telling
selling
participating
delegating
Term
inititiating structure
Definition
extent to which leader defines and structures the roles of employees in pursuit of goal attainment
Term
consideration
Definition
extent to which leaders create job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for employee ideas, and consideration of employee feelings
Term
life cycle theory of leadership
Definition
or situational model of leadership

argues that the optimal combination if initiating structure and consideration depends on the readiness of the employees in the work unit
Term
readiness
Definition
degree to which employees have the ability and willingness to accomplish their specific tasks
Term
telling
Definition
high initiating structure and low consideration

leader provides specific instructions and closely supervises performance
Term
selling
Definition
high initiating structure, high consideration

leader supplements her directing w/ support and encouragement to protect confidence levels of employees
Term
participating
Definition
low initiating structure, low consideration

leader turns responsibility for key behaviors over to the employees
Term
transformational leadership
Definition
inspiring followers to commit to a shared vision that provides meaning to their work while also serving as a role model who helps followers develop their own potential and view problems from new perspectives
Term
transactional leadership
Definition
leader rewards or disciplines the follower depending on adequacy of performance
Term
passive mgmt-by-exception
Definition
leader waits around for mistakes and errors, then takes corrective action as necessary
Term
active mgmt-by-exception
Definition
leader arranges to monitor mistakes and errors actively and takes corrective action when required
Term
contingent reward
Definition
leader attains follower agreement on what needs to be done using promised or actual rewards in exchange for adequate performance
Term
idealized influence
Definition
behaving in ways that earn admiration, trust, respect of followers

causes followers to want to identify with and emulate the leader
Term
inspirational motivation
Definition
behaving in ways that foster an enthusiasm for and commitment to a shared vision of the future
Term
intellectual stimulation
Definition
behaving in ways that challenge followers to be innovative and creative by questioning assumptions and reframing old situations in new ways
Term
individualized consideration
Definition
behaving in ways that help followers achieve their potential through coaching, development, and mentoring
Term
substitutes for leadership model
Definition
suggests that certain characteristics of the situation can constrain the influence of the leader, making it more9 difficult for the leader to influence employee porformance
Term
substitutes
Definition
reduce importance of the leader while simultaneously providing a direct benefit to employee performance
Term
neutralizers
Definition
reduce importance of the leader; have no beneficial impact on performance
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