Shared Flashcard Set

Details

OB Chapter 1
OB Test 1
41
Accounting
Graduate
03/28/2009

Additional Accounting Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Organizational behavior
Definition
field of study devoted to understanding, explaining, and ultimately improving the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations
Term
Human resource management
Definition
takes the theories and principles studied in OB and explores the "nuts-and-bolts" application of those principles in organizations
Term
Strategic management
Definition
focuses on the product choices and industry characteristics that affect an organization's profitability
Term
Integrative Model of Organizational Behavior
Definition
Organizational Mechanisms (culture, structure)
Group Mechanisms (leadership, teams)
Individual Characteristics (personality, cultural values, ability)...feeds into
Individual Mechanisms (job satisfation, stress, motivation, trust, justice, and ethics, learning and decision marking... feeds into
individual outcomes (job performance and organizational commitment)
Term
job satisfaction
Definition
what employees feel when thinking about their job and doing their day-to-day work
Term
stress
Definition
reflects employees' psychological responses to job demands that tax or exceed thir capacities
Term
motivation
Definition
energetic forces that drive employees' work effort
Term
trust, justice, and ethics
Definition
degree to which employees feel that their company does business with fairness, honesty, and integrity
Term
learning and decision making
Definition
how employees gain job knowledge and how they use taht knowledge to make accurate judgments on the job
Term
Individual characteristics
Definition
personality (a person's typical patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior), cultural values (shared beliefs about desirable modes of conduct that exist in certain cultures)and Ability (cognitive abilities emotional skills, and physical abilities that employees bring to a job)
Term
Group mechanisms
Definition
team characteristics (qualities that teams possess, norms, roles), team processes (teams behave), leader power and influence, leader styles and behaviors
Term
Organizational mechanisms
Definition
organizational structure (how units within the firm link and communicate with each other) and organizational culture (captures shared knowledge in an organization)
Term
Resource-based view of organizations
Definition
perspective describes what exactly makes resources valuable (long term profits)- financial, physical and organizational behavior such as knowledge, decision making, ability and wisdom, image culture, and goodwill
Term
Value of resources depends on
Definition
1. rare
2. inimitable (history, numerous small decisions, socially complex resources)
Term
the rule of 1/8
Definition
Why so few organizations are truly effective at managing people. 1/2 organizations won't believe the connection btw peope and profits, 1/2 of those will try to make a single change to solve thier problems, 1/2 of those that make comprehensive and systematic changes will persist long enough to derive benefits
Term
Several different ways of knowing things
Definition
method of experience, method of intuition, method of authority, method of science
Term
Scientific method begins with a...
Definition
thoery- collection of assertions- both verbal and symbolic- that specify how and why variables are related, as well as the conditions in which they should (and should not) be related
Term
Hypothesis
Definition
theories inspire them. Written predictions that specify relationships between variables.  Tested by correlation
Term
strong correlation
Definition
.5
.3 moderate
.1 weak
Term
meta-analysis
Definition
takes all the correlations found in studies of a particular relationship and calculates a weighted average
Term
moderator
Definition
effects the strength of relationships
Term
Matrix Reloaded
Definition
Why is a source of power- mediater, moderator to explain organizational behavior
Term
The scientific method
Definition
theory-hypotheses-data-verification
Term
Theory building
Definition
through introspection, through observation, through interviews
Term
Theory testing
Definition
finding ways to measure variables in the theory- uses scales (collection of survey items), behavioral observation, and organization records
Term
Reliability
Definition
degree to which a measure is free from random error (more precise)
increase by measuring something multiple times (random error balances out)
Term
Computation of reliability
Definition
computed by correlating the multiple measurements- more consistent the more precise our instrument
ie ask very similar questions multiple times
Term
Validity
Definition
the degree to which a measure assesses what it is meant to assess
content validity
predictive validity
Term
Content validity
Definition
does the measure make sense to a group of subject matter experts
Term
Predictive validity
Definition
is the measure related to key outcomes, like absenteeism, turnover, or job performance
Term
All close to the core
Definition
reliable and valid
Term
Correlation
Definition
invented by Karl Pearson and Sir Francis Galton who did research on genetics. the statistical relationship between 2 variables. Best way to analyze is to look at the compactness of dots on a scatter plot
Term
Sampling error
Definition
sample will often differ from the population at large and may reduce our confidence that our correlation is really accurate *reduced as sample gets bigger use sample size to construct "confidence intervals" around our correlation coefficient
Term
Confidence intervals
Definition
CI= r +/- (1.5x 1/ square root of n
as we sample more people the width of the confidence interval gets smaller
Term
correlation does not imply causality
Definition
stork population and birth rates- explained by a 3rd variable urban v. rural
Term
proving causality requires 2 things
Definition
temporal precedence (changes in the suspected cause occur before changes in behavior. Because causes come before effects, researchers trying to establish casuality)and covariation, and elimination of alternative explanations
Term
Most employees have 2 primary goals for their working lives:
Definition
1. to perform their jobs well
2. to remain a member of an organization that they respect
Term
inimitable
Definition
something that cannot be imitated by a competing firm
Term
history
Definition
a collective pool of experiene, wisdom and knowledge that benefits the organization
Term
socially complex resources
Definition
resources whose development is not as clearly understood such as culture, trust or reputation
Term
examples of valuing OB
Definition
describing employees as a source of competitive advantage, emphasizing training and continuing education, having a HR management officer, emphasizing full time rather than temporary employees
Supporting users have an ad free experience!