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Nutrition 120 Chapter 17
Nutrition from Infancy Through Adolescence
58
Science
Undergraduate 1
12/08/2009

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Cards

Term

All of the following are true about readiness to add solid foods to an infant's diet except: 

Definition
the infant is able to put food in its mouth
Term

Based on body weight comparisons, at 6 months of age a child's kcalorie per kilogram body weight needs are approximately how many times higher than adult needs?

Definition
2-4
Term

It is impractical to introduce solid foods into an infant's diet before 4 to 6 months of age, because until that time:

Definition
head and neck control are not established
Term

Teenagers are at risk of deficiency in which of the following nutrients?

Definition
Calcium and iron
Term

In the United States, more than _____ percent of school-age children are overweight or obese.

Definition
15
Term

Breast milk contains approximately how many kcalories per quart?

Definition
640
Term

Children will more effectively develop the breakfast eating habit if:

Definition
parents eat breakfast with them
Term

In adults the most common type of food allergy is:

Definition
shellfish
Term

Absence of breakfast for children is associated with:

Definition
decreased performance in school and decreased attention span
Term

Iron-deficiency anemia in the latter part of infancy is associated with:

Definition
a diet containing few solid foods
Term

Infants who are born prematurely will catch up in growth by:

Definition
2 to 3 years
Term

The most sensitive indicator of long-term nutrient intake in a child is:

Definition
height
Term

The treatment of childhood obesity involves all the following except:

Definition
a restrictive weight-loss diet
Term

Which of the following statements is true?

Definition
Most overweight infants become normal weight preschoolers
Term

Approximately what percentage of obese adolescents become obese adults?

Definition
80%
Term

Essential fatty acids should make up ______ percent of the total fat intake of infants.

Definition
15
Term

All of the following are true about "nursing bottle syndrome" except

Definition
it is associated with not brushing the infant's gums at least 3 times per week.
Term

For children 3 years of age and older, the most useful growth charts are:

Definition
BMI for age
Term

The first solid foods usually introduced into an infant's milk diet are:

Definition
iron-fortified cereals
Term

The fluid requirements of the infant are approximately __________ cups per day.

Definition
3
Term

All of the following are recommended to help preschoolers eat vegetables except: 

Definition
promise dessert when vegetables are eaten
Term

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the best age to introduce solid foods into the infant's diet is: 

Definition
4 to 6 months
Term

Adolescents obtain ______ percent of their energy and nutrient intakes from snacks.

Definition
25 to 33
Term

The greatest energy requirement per unit of body weight occurs during:

Definition
infancy
Term

Iron stores present at birth generally are depleted by ______ to ______ months.

Definition
4; 6
Term

Mildred is worried about her infant becoming obese in adulthood. Which of the following would not be accurate information if you were attempting to counsel her?

Definition
Her infant should eat 20 percent of his or her kcalories as fat to prevent obesity.
Term

All of the following should be omitted from an infant's diet except

Definition
iron
Term

Brain growth is most rapid in infancy but stops by about what age?

Definition
18 months
Term

Weight gain during the second through about the eighth year of life is about ______ pounds per year.

Definition
5
Term

Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and also helps the ______________ to develop.

Definition
nervous system
Term

Feeding problems may develop during the preschool years partially because of

Definition
decreased appetite associated with less-rapid growth
Term

Approximately one third of children in developing nations are short and underweight for their age. The most frequent cause is:

Definition
weaning to high-carbohydrate, low-protein diets
Term

Many formula products for infants contain:

Definition
lactose, heat-treated cows' milk protein, and vegetable oils.
Term

All of the following are characteristic of food allergies except:

Definition
once they develop, they are always permanent
Term

Approximately what percentage of obese children become obese adults?

Definition
40%
Term

The adolescent growth spurt:

Definition
begins earlier in girls than boys
Term

Which of the following in not a common food allergen?

Definition
Corn
Term

Human milk provides _______ percent of kcalories from protein.

Definition
6-7
Term

Which of the following is not true about snacks for preschool children?

Definition
They are inappropriate and should be avoided
Term

If a child is to follow a totally vegetarian diet, greater attention should be given to which of the following nutrients?

Definition
Protein and vitamin B-12
Term

Which of the following is true about teens and vegetable consumption?

Definition
Potato chips and French fries make up more than one-third of the vegetable intake of teens
Term

Which foods would you suggest adding to the diet of a preschool child who needs increased iron intake?

Definition
Lean meats
Term

Human milk provides ______ percent of kcalories from fat.

Definition
60
Term

According to present day growth charts, an infant will double his or her birth weight at about ______ months of age.

Definition
5
Term

Daily protein needs during infancy vary from ______ to ______ grams per day.

Definition
9; 14
Term

In children under 3 years of age the most common type of food allergy is:

Definition
milk
Term

Today most females reach their full height:

Definition
within 5 years after menarche
Term

High-fiber diets are:

Definition
 not recommended for infants
Term

Susie is 3 years old. At her most recent checkup she was at the 20th percentile for height. This means that:

Definition
79 of 100 girls her age are taller than she is
Term

The new WHO growth standards stress that _______________ is the biological
norm for infant nutrition.

Definition
Breastfeeding
Term

Which of the following minerals may be low in the diets of adolescent girls?

Definition
Iron and calcium
Term

The food needs of preschool children are relatively great and it may be important to:

Definition
serve snacks daily in addition to meals
Term

At age 4 to 6 months an infant can do all the following except:

Definition
handle finger foods
Term

Obesity is a growing problem among teenagers, and about ______ percent of obese teenagers have the metabolic syndrome (Syndrome X).

Definition
30
Term

Nutrition experts have created a version of MyPyramid for children aged:

Definition
6-11
Term

Preschool children should be encouraged to try new foods. If a child is reluctant to do so, it is best to:

 

Definition
ask that he or she at least taste it
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