Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Music Apr
Flash cards for test 1
137
Music
Undergraduate 1
02/10/2019

Additional Music Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
pitch
Definition
how high or low a musical sound is
Term
Frequencies
Definition
are the rates of vibrations produced.
Term
partials, harmonics, or overtone
Definition
A vibrating medium also emits considerably fainter sounds known as
Term
 the composite pitch.
Definition
Several partials—vibrating along with the fundamental, in halves, thirds, and quarters—combine to create
Term
tone,
Definition
musical sound that is “pure,” is one that has no partials;
Term
noise
Definition
sound that is so rich in overlapping partials that the fundamental pitch is obscured.
Term
notation
Definition
a system of written symbols representing musical elements
Term
staff
Definition
5 line
Term
notes
Definition
nine pitches, represented by oval-shaped symbols
Term
ledger lines 
Definition
used if you need more than the 5 lines on the staff
Term
octaves
Definition
A complete series of eight pitches—such as A, B, C, D, E, F, G, and A again; or C, D, E, F, G, A, B, and C again—spans a distance known as
Term
The treble clef 
Definition
specifies higher pitches
Term
bass cleff
Definition
specifies lower pitches
Term
sharp
Definition
slightly higher than a basic pitch
Term
flat (♭)
Definition
s slightly lower than a basic pitch.
Term
A natural sign (♮)
Definition
cancels a preceding flat or sharp,
Term
accidental
Definition
is a sharp, flat, or natural that indicates a momentary departure from the key signature by raising or lowering a note.
Term
distinctive melody
Definition
string together a succession of several pitches into a particular shape,
Term
phrases
Definition
several melodic portions
Term
cadence
Definition
a phrase ends with a pause, known as a __________ which gives a sense of momentary rest or, at the end of the melody, conclusion.
Term
interval
Definition
The distance between any two pitches is known as a
Term
unison
Definition
When two musi- cians play or sing the exact same pitch, the interval is known as a 
Term
conjunct motion
Definition
 (by step)
Term
disjunct motion 
Definition
by leap
Term
tonic
Definition
Usually a melody develops from a central or basic pitch known as a
Term
scale
Definition
By isolating the basic pitch and then building an ascending series of pitches in an octave, we can generate a
Term
key
Definition
scale determines the _______ of a specific melody
Term
major and minor scales
Definition
The vast majority of Western music depends on one of two scales,
Term

chromatic scale.

Definition
utilizes all 12 half steps
Term
rhythm
Definition
the succession of sound durations.
Term
triplets
Definition
are groups of three notes marked by the numeral 3, indicating that they have the same duration as two notes of the same value. 
Term
rests
Definition
composers often use silence in measured quantities known as 
Term
Presto
Definition
 Very fast
Term

Vivace

Definition
lively
Term
Allegro
Definition
fast
Term
Allegretto
Definition
moderately fast
Term
Moderato
Definition
moderately
Term
Andante
Definition
moderately slow
Term
largo
Definition
slow
Term
adagio
Definition
slow
Term
lento
Definition
slow
Term
grave
Definition
slow gravely
Term
beat
Definition
e basic pulse,
Term
downbeat
Definition
The natural accent falls on the first beat, or 
Term
upbeat
Definition
The last of these “weak” beats in each measure is known as an
Term
syncopation
Definition
the stress falls on the second and fourth beat of each measure instead of on the first beat. This technique is know as __________, in which the accent appears at an unexpected place:
Term
time signature
Definition
In music notation, we specify the meter by a __________, which appears as a fraction for two numbers:
Term
texture
Definition
the type of fabric of sound that the composer chooses to use.
Term
monophony
Definition
In __________, one musician performs a single line of music, or several musicians perform a single line of music in unison.
Term
polyphony 
Definition
 means “several voices”), involves multiple sounding lines.
Term
counterpoint
Definition
The art of fitting one line of music against another, different line is called 
Term
harmony
Definition
 is the art of using chords—
Term
chords
Definition
combinations of two or more pitches that sound simultaneously.
Term
homophony 
Definition
Chords often appear in a texture known as _________(or “similar” voices). _____________ typically features a melody supported by chords, as when a guitarist playing chords accompanies a singer.
Term
triad
Definition
Since the mid-fifteenth century, the basic type of chord in Western harmony has been a three-note chord known as a
Term
tonality
Definition
a system of musical organization that depends on a network of harmonic relationships
Term
dynamics
Definition
Degrees of loudness or softness in music are called:
Term
pianissimo
Definition
very soft
Term
piano
Definition
soft
Term
mezzo piano
Definition
half soft
Term
mezzo forte
Definition
half loud
Term
forte
Definition
loud
Term
fortissimo
Definition
very loud
Term
Timbre 
Definition
(also known as tone color) is the quality of sound that differentiates one instrument from another.
Term
Women: 
Definition
soprano, contralto, alto gender?
Term
Men: 
Definition
tenor, baritone, bass gender?
Term
Idiophones .
Definition
are made of solid materials that produce sounds when struck, rubbed, or shaken. Among them are the cymbal, gong, and xylophone
Term
Membranophones 
Definition
are instruments with tautly stretched membranes that vibrate to produce sounds. Examples include the timpani (kettledrums), bass drum, and snare drum.
Term
Aerophones 
Definition
are instruments that use columns of air to produce sounds. This group includes wind and brass instruments (e.g. the flute, trumpet, and trombone) and the organ. Some aerophones have reeds, strips of pliable cane, set into the mouthpiece (e.g., saxophone, clarinet, oboe).
Term
Chordophones .
Definition
are instruments with strings. Among them are the guitar, harp, violin, and piano
Term
Electrophones 
Definition
 are instruments that generate sound electronically. Ex- amples include the modern electronic organ, synthesizers, and computer programs.
Term
 cymbals, gongs, and triangle.
Definition
instruments that produce indefinite sounds
Term
piccolo
Definition
soft, weak, clear, penetrating
Term
flute
Definition
soft,warm,whistling,bright
Term
oboe
Definition
blatant, warm, shrill
Term
english horn
Definition
dry,sweet
Term
clarinet
Definition
mellow, resonate, piercing
Term
bass clarinet
Definition
dark, mellow
Term
basooon
Definition
dark,sonorous,tense
Term
contrabassoon
Definition
coarse, deep
Term
alto saxophone
Definition
mellow,bright
Term
trumpet
Definition
dull, clear, loud
Term
french horn
Definition
deep, natural, intense
Term
trombone
Definition
strong, intense
Term
tuba
Definition
deep , natural
Term
violin
Definition
deep, warm, bright
Term
viola
Definition
deep warm intense
Term
cello
Definition
dark warm intense
Term
double bass
Definition
dull natural clear
Term
harp
Definition
dark, warm, resonate, clear brittle
Term
timpani
Definition
pitched drum
Term
tubular bells
Definition
church bell
Term
glockenspiel
Definition
bright, metallic sound
Term
marimba
Definition
dark soft wooden sound
Term
xylophone
Definition
dry hard wooden sound
Term
cellesta
Definition
delicate bell like sound
Term
Benjamin Britten
Definition
The English composer ________ _________ (1913–1976) wrote The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra in 1946
Term
form
Definition
the overarching plan that holds a piece together.
Term
theme
Definition
 the unifying element is the 
Term
classic
Definition
the very best in a given pursuit or product
Term
middle ages
Definition
450-1450
Term
the renaissance
Definition
1450-1600
Term
the baroque
Definition
1600-1750
Term
classical
Definition
1750-1800
Term
romantic
Definition
1800s
Term
modern era
Definition
1900-70s
Term
postmodernism
Definition
1970s to today
Term
tempo markings
Definition
not only give the pace of the music but also add character
Term
metronome
Definition
instrument used by musicians to keep track of time as pertains to the speed of the music
Term
frequencies
Definition
are the rates of vibrations produced by instruments and voices.
Term
pitch, rhythm, texture and dynamics
Definition
The musical elements first introduced in this course include these four
Term
tone
Definition
A sound that has a specific, definite pitch is called a 
Term
timbre
Definition
The property of sound that distinguishes each instrument and voice is called:
Term
violin, viola, cello, double bass
Definition
The stringed instruments of the symphony include these four:
Term
whistle type
Definition
flute, piccolo mouthpiece
Term
reed
Definition
clarinet, bass clarinet, saxophone mouthpiece
Term
double reed
Definition
oboe, bassoon mouthpiece
Term
trumpet, horn, trombone, tuba
Definition
The most common brass winds listed in the book are these four. Name them
Term
definite
Definition
bells, glockenspiel pitch?
Term
indefinite
Definition
snare drum, bass drum pitch?
Term
definite
Definition
timpani, tubular bells pitch
Term
indefinite
Definition
tambourine, triangle pitch
Term
indefinite
Definition
cymblas, gong
Term
rhythm
Definition
The element of music defined the succession of sound durations is:
Term
whole note
Definition
four beats
Term
half note
Definition
two beats
Term
quarter note
Definition
one beat
Term
eighth note
Definition
one half beat
Term
sixteenth note
Definition
quarter of a beat
Term
metronome
Definition
 This instrument is used so composers can precisely indicate tempo of the music
Term
metrics
Definition
Most Western music rhythms are organized into equal segments of time, know as measures - or bars. This organization is called
Term
syncopation
Definition
 Sometimes, a composer may disrupt the meter by placing stresses on a weak beat or a weak part of a beat. The long duration with an accent on the weak beat or weak part of a beat then creates a
Term
triads
Definition
By stacking two pairs of thirds together, this basic type of chord has been used in Western music.
Term
music of spheres
Definition
Some of the ancient philosophers believed that the movement of the planets emitted inaudible musical sounds, drawn from special mathematical relationships. What is this descriptive term of the ancient astronomers and musicians?
Term
notation
Definition
Regarding sounds that are identifiable, the usual term is pitch or tone. From a vibrating medium a fundamental tone or pitch is produced and there are also considerably fainter tones emitted that come up from the fundamental. These are harmonics, partials, or overtones.  Finding a way to identify these tones involves a system of writing out music. The basic system  of written symbols representing music is called:
Term
phrase
Definition
A melodic portion of music, a sort of musical sentence is called _
Term
tonic
Definition
Western composers typically construct their melodies around prominently recurring pitches. Usually a melody develops from a central or basic pitch known as th
Supporting users have an ad free experience!