Shared Flashcard Set

Details

1.2
Motherboards
24
Computer Science
Post-Graduate
01/09/2017

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Cards

Term
How can you identify the Universal Serial Bus (USB) header on a motherboard?
Definition
USB headers will have one pin missing from the second row on the end
Term
What does a motherboard’s form factor refer to?
Definition
The size and shape of the motherboard
Term
Which type of expansion slot is typically used for high-speed graphics cards and high-speed network cards?
Definition
Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe)
Term
What is PCI expansion slot?
Definition
The Peripheral Component Interconnect expansion slot is the most common expansion slot used on system motherboards
Term
What is the PCIe?
Definition
The Peripheral Component Interconnect Express is an implementation of the PCI bus that uses a faster serial physical-layer communications protocol and is very common in PCs today
Term
What is the PCI-eXtended?
Definition
The Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended (PCI-X) is a motherboard expansion slot that improves upon some of the PCI expansion capabilities and is the latest version of PCI technology
-PCI-X uses a parallel interconnect along a 64-bit bus shared with other PCI-X devices
Term
What is MiniPCI?
Definition
The MiniPCI is the PCI industry standard for desktop computer expansion cards that are applied to the small form factor for notebook expansion cards
Term
What are some examples of Mini PCI devices?
Definition
Bluetooth, modems, Fast Ethernet, sound card, SATA controllers
Term
What are the card form factors available for MiniPCIs?
Definition
-Type I: Uses a 100-pin stacking connector
-Type II: Uses a 100-pin stacking connector
-Type III: Uses a 124-pin edge connector
Term
Front and top panel headers will include pins to connect the following?
Definition
-Power switch
-Power LED
-Reset switch
-Hard drive LED
-Speaker
Term
Which form factor is considered to be a legacy form factor found in older desktops and towers?
Definition
Advanced Technology (AT)
Term
What is included within the chipset on a motherboard?
Definition
Chips and circuits that support basic computer functions
Term
What does the Northbridge do?
Definition
Controls the system memory and the AGP video ports, and it may also control cache memory. The Northbridge is closer to the processor and communicates directly with it using a 64-bit front side bus
Term
What does the Southbridge do?
Definition
It controls input/output functions, the system clock, drives and buses, advance power management (APM), and various other devices. The Southbridge is further from the CPU and uses the PCI bus to communicate with the Northbridge
Term
On a 4-pin KK Molex fan connector, what is the significance of the fourth pin?
Definition
It controls the fan
Term
Which type of motherboard form factor is the same as the ATX form factor, but is just a smaller size?
Definition
Mini-ATX
Term
What is the motherboard?
Definition
The backbone of the PC that contains the basic electronic components
Term
What is bus speed?
Definition
The speed at which circuits will carry data simultaneously from one area of the motherboard to another
Term
What is the maximum size of Mini-ATX?
Definition
5.9 inches by 5.9 inches
Term
What is the maximum size of a MicroATX?
Definition
9.6 inches by 9.6 inches
Term
What is the maximum size of an ATX?
Definition
12 inches by 9.6 inches
Term
On an Intel computer, what does the Northbridge chip control?
Definition
The system memory and the Accelerate Graphics Port (AGP) video ports
Term
Which component of the motherboard saves information such as the system date and time while the computer is turned off?
Definition
The complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS)
Term
In the majority of modern computers, how is the central processing unit (CPU) connected to the motherboard?
Definition
It is attached to a socket using a pin grid array (PGA)
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