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MGMT 363
Chapter 14
40
Management
Undergraduate 3
05/09/2009

Additional Management Flashcards

 


 

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Term
leadership
Definition
__________ is defined as the use of power and influence to direct the activities of followers toward goal achievement
Term
leader-member exchange theory
Definition
this theory describes how leader-member relationships develop over time on a dyadic basis. The theory argues that new leader-member relationships are typically marked by a __________ phase, during which a manager describes role expectations to an employee and the employee attempts to fulfill those expectations with his job behaviors
Term
role making
Definition
__________ is the phase in a leader-follower relationship when a follower voices his or her own expectations for the relationship, resulting in a free-flowing exchange of opportunities and resources for activities and effort
Term
role taking
Definition
__________ is the phase in a leader-follower relationship when a leader provides an employee with job expectations and the follower tries to meet those expectaions
Term
Unit-focused approach
Dyad-focused approach
Definition
Two types of employee-centered measures of leader effectiveness:
Term
leader effectiveness
Definition
__________ is defined as the degree to which the leader's actions result in the achievement of the unit's goals, the continued commitment of the unit's employees, and the development of mutual trust, respect, and obligation in leader-member dyads
Term
an early theory of leadership that suggested "leaders are born, not made."
Definition
define the "Great Person" theory of leadership
Term
leader emergence
Definition
__________ is the process of becoming a leader in the first place
Term
autocratic style
Definition
with a(n) __________ of leadership, the leader makes the decision alone without asking for the opinions or suggestions of his followers
Term
consultative style
Definition
with a(n) __________ style of leadership, the leader presents the problem to individual employees or a group of employees asking for their opinions and suggestions before ultimately making the decision himself
Term
facilitative style
Definition
with a(n) __________ of leadership, the leader presents the problem to a group of employees and seeks consensus on a solution, making sure that his or her own opinion receives no more weight than anyone else's
Term
delegative style
Definition
with a(n) __________ of leadership, the leader gives an individual employee or a group of employees the responsibility for making the decision within some set of specified boundary conditions. The leader plays no role in deliberations unless asked, though he or she may offer encouragement and provide resources.
Term
time-driven model of leadership
Definition
the __________ is a model that suggests that seven factors (including: importance of decision, expertise of leader, and competence of followers) combine to make some decision-making styles more effective than others in a given situation
Term
decision significance - is the decision significant to the success of the project or organization?

Leader expertise - does the leader have significant knowledge or expertise regarding the problem?

importance of commitment - is it important that employees "buy in" to the decision?

likelihood of commitment - how likely is it that employees will trust the leader's decision and commit to it?

Shared objectives - do employees share and support the same objectives, or do they have an agenda of their own?

Employee expertise - do the employees have significant knowledge or expertise regarding the problem?

Teamwork skills - do the employees have the ability to work together to solve the problem, or will they struggle with conflicts and inefficiencies?
Definition
Seven factors in the time-driven model of leadership
Term
initiating structure
consideration
Definition
_____ and _____ are the two most basic dimensions of day-to-day behaviors performed by leaders
Term
initiating structure
Definition
__________ reflects the extent to which the leader defines and structures the roles of employees in pursuit of goal attainment
Term
consideration
Definition
__________ reflects the extent to which leaders create job relationships characterized by mutual trust, respect for employee ideas, and consideration of employee feelings
Term
consultative style
Definition
OB ON SCREEN. In the film Thirteen Days, JFK uses the __________ style of leadership.
Term
life cycle theory of leadership
Definition
this theory of leadership argues that the optimal combination of initiating structure and consideration depends on the readiness of the employees in the work unit
Term
readiness
Definition
__________ is broadly defined as the degree to which employees have the ability and the willingness to accomplish their specific tasks. The higher it is, leader behaviors simply matter less.
Term
telling
Definition
__________ is high initiating structure and low consideration--in which case the leader provides specific instructions and closely supervises performance. Here the leader tells employees what to do, where to do it, and how, because such guidance and direction is needed in the absence of employee ability, motivation, or confidence.
Term
selling
Definition
__________ is high initiatin structure and consideration--so the leader explains key issues and provides opportunities for clarification. Soem guidance and direction is still needed due to lack of employee ability, but the increased explanation and persuasion can help foster the emerging motivation and confidence.
Term
participating
Definition
__________ is low initiating structure and high consideration--as the leader shares ideas and tries to help the group conduct its affairs. Here guidance is no longer needed because employee ability is high. What is needed is some combo of collaborating and facilitating to support employees during this shift in their role requirements
Term
delegating
Definition
__________ is low initiating structure and low consideration--such that the leader turns responsibility for key behaviors over to employees. Here the leader "gives them the ball and lets them run with it."
Term
transformational leadership
Definition
this type of leadership style involves inspiring followers to commit to a shared vision that provides meaning to their work while also serving as a role model who helps followers develop their own potential and view problems from new perspectives

Most effective style of leadership.
Term
laissez-faire
Definition
__________ leadership style which is the avoidance of leadership altogether... means a "hands off" approach.
Term
transactional leadership
Definition
the __________ leadership style occurs when the leader rewards or disciplines the follower depending on the adequacy of the follower's performance
Term
passive management-by-exception
Definition
with this leadership style (related to transactional), the leader waits around for mistakes and errors, then takes corrective action as necessary
Term
active management-by-exception
Definition
with this leadership style (related to transactional), the leader arranges to monitor mistakes and errors actively and again take corrective action when required
Term
contingent reward
Definition
with this leadership style (related to transactional), represents a more active and effective brand of transactional leadership, in which the leader attains follower agreement on what needs to be done using promised or actual rewards in exchange for adequate performance
Term
idealized influence
Definition
__________ involves behaving in ways that earn the admiration, trust, and respect of followers, causing followers to want to identify with and emulate the leader
Term
60%
Definition
almost __% of the variation in charismatic behavior can be explained by genes
Term
inspirational motivation
Definition
__________ involves behaving in ways that foster an enthusiasm for and commitment to a shared vision of the future
Term
intellectual stimulation
Definition
__________ involves behaving in ways that chalenge followers to be innovative and creative by questioning assumptions and reframing old situations new ways
Term
individualized consideration
Definition
__________ involves behaving in ways that help followers achieve their potential through coaching, development, and mentoring
Term
moderate positive
Definition
transformational leadership has a __________ effect on performance
Term
strong positivw
Definition
transformational leadership has a __________ effect on Commitment
Term
substitutes for leadership model
Definition
this model suggests that certain characteristics of the situation can constrain the influence of the leader, making it more difficult for the leader to influence employee performance
Term
substitutes
Definition
in the substitutes for leadership model, __________ reduce the importance of the leader while simultaneously providing a direct benefit to employee performance.
Term
neutralizers
Definition
in the substitutes for leadership model, _________ only reduce the importance of the leader--they themselves have no beneficial impact on performance
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