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LRA History
LRA Conflict History
56
History
Professional
07/10/2013

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Cards

Term
Who came to power of Uganda in 1986?
Definition
Yoweri Museveni
Term
Who began the Holy Spirit Movement?
Definition
Alice Lakwena
Term
What was the Holy Spirit Movement?
Definition
The group recruited followers and forged alliances with rebel militias with the intent of entering Uganda’s capital city, Kampala, and freeing the north from government oppression.
Term
Capital of Uganda
Definition
Kampala
Term
Who took over the HSM after Alice Lakwena was exiled?
Definition
Joseph Kony, claiming to be a distant cousin
Term
Origins of the Lord's Resistance Army
Definition
Name given to the Holy Spirit Movement upon Joseph Kony's takeover
Term
Kony and the LRA abducted more than __________ children in ______________.
Definition
30,000
northern Uganda
Term
What year did Uganda create government camps for IDPs?
Definition
1996
Term
IDPs
Definition
internally displaced persons
Term
What is the name of the tribe whom lived in the camps for IDPs?
Definition
Alcholi
Term
At the height of the LRA conflict, how many IDPs were in the government camps?
Definition
1.7 million
Term
In what year did the ICC issue arrest warrants for the top 4 LRA Commanders & Kony?
Definition
2005
Term
Name the top 4 commanders indicted by the ICC in 2005
Definition
Dominic Ongwen, Raska Lukwiya, Okot Odhiambo, and Vincent Otti
Term
Of the the top 4 commanders indicted by the ICC in 2005, whom is still alive?
Definition
Dominic Ongwen & Okot Odhiambo
Term
How & when did Commander Raska Lukwiya die?
Definition
Raska Lukwiya was killed in combat with the UPDF in August 2006
Term
How & when did Commander Vincent Otti die?
Definition
Vincent Otti was killed on Kony’s command in November 2007—reportedly for wanting Kony to sign the peace agreement, a stance that Kony considered a betrayal.
Term
In what year did Peace Negotiations with the LRA begin?
Definition
2006
Term
Where were the Peace Negotiations with the LRA?
Definition
Juba, Sudan
Term
What was signed in 2006 by Uganda & the LRA?
Definition
Cessation of Hostilities
Term
In the Peace Talks, what did Kony fail to sign on 2 occasions?
Definition
Final Peace Agreement
Term
What Operation was launched after the failed peace talks?
Definition
Operation Lightning Thunder
Term
What countries participated in Operation Lightning Thunder?
Definition
Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, and Sudan, with intelligence and logistical support from the United States.
Term
In retaliation to the Operation LT, what did the LRA do?
Definition
Attacked DR Congo in 2008
Term
Who was behind the 2008 Christmas Massacres?
Definition
Dominic Ogwen
Term
When did the LRA leave Uganda?
Definition
After the 2006 Peace Talks
Term
How many fighters currently exist in the LRA?
Definition
300
Term
Which commander was captured in May 2012?
Definition
Caesar Achellum
Term
In the 1800s, Africa was divided into 2 ethnic groups by the _______. Name the groups & describe their attributes.
Definition
equator,
Nilods- tall, dark, soft-spoken
Bantu - deep-spoken, shorter
Term
In Uganda, the Acholi were a part of which of the ethnic groups that divided Africa?
Definition
Nilods
Term
How did the Acholi get their name?
Definition
By Arab slave traders asking their name, they said Somoli, which means "we are like you" but Arabs misheard Alcholi
Term
When the British Colonizers came in, what were they attracted to in Uganda?
Definition
the Bugandan people having a strong central government
Term
In terms of the Bugandan vs Acholi, how did their power of government work?
Definition
Acholi- seperated clans, no central elader
Bugandan - clans but King
Term
Who was the British explorer that founded Lake Victoria and Uganda?
Definition
Sir Henry Morton Stanley
Term
When & what was the Berlin Conference
Definition
1883
Britain got East Africa, including Uganda
Term
When Britain got Uganda, who did they give power to and what did this result in?
Definition
The Bugandan king
Seperated north as laborers, police, & army (Acholi) and south as high class knowledge (Bugandan)
Term
When did Uganda gain its independence and what did this do to the Bugandan king's power?
Definition
1962
Made him President
Term
Who were the President & Prime Minster of Uganda in 1962?
Definition
Mutesa (South) & Obote (North)
Term
Why did Uganda not unite as a nation in 1962?
Definition
Tribal pride of Acholi vs Bugandan
Term
What does Obote do to Mutesa and what does this create for the nation?
Definition
Overthrows him and wealth goes to the north and Bugandan kingdom system is abolished, enraging the South
Term
Who overthrows Obote in 1971?
Definition
General Idi Amin from NW Uganda
Term
What does General Idi Amin do after overthrowing Obote?
Definition
Kills thousands for not paying bribes
Term
In order to overthrow General Idi Amin, who unites?
Definition
The North & South via Obote & Museveni
Term
In what year do Museveni & Obote overthrow Idi Amin?
Definition
1979
Term
In 1980, what does Obote do to Democratic Election?
Definition
Skews it with help of Northern Ugandan Army ties
Term
After the skewed election of 1980, what does Museveni do?
Definition
Escapes with 19 friends in Lwero Jungle to rebel against Obote and recruit others
Term
Out of paranoia stemming from belief in spiritual curses, what does Obote do in 1980?
Definition
Gets the mostly Acholi army and kills 300,000 people in Lwero to warn anyone against following Museveni
Term
What does the Lwero Genocide of 1980 do for the Northern/Southern relations?
Definition
Divides them due to Southerns never liking the North because Acholi killed so many people
Term
What happens to Obote in 1985?
Definition
Northern Ugandan General Tito Okello overthrows him
Term
What does Tito Okello propose to Museveni after overthrowing Obote?
Definition
to go to Kenya & sign a peace treaty
Term
After the Peace Treaty between Museveni & Okello is signed in 1986, what happens?
Definition
Museveni brings in Lwero fighters and overthrows Okello
Term
After Okello is overthrown by Museveni, where does he go and what does he create?
Definition
Southern Sudan, UPDA, a rebel group
Term
What does the UPDA turn into in 1986 & why & by whom?
Definition
Holy Spirit Movement
to cleanse people in North who were afraid the South would attack them for Lwero genocide
Alice Lakwena
Term
Who was John Garan and why is he important?
Definition
He led the SPLA to overthrow Sudan & Museveni was supporting him
Term
Since Museveni supports Garan (SPLA) who want to overthrow GOS, what does the GOS support & why?
Definition
the LRA, to overthrow Museveni
Term
When the GOS retracts support from LRA, what becomes the LRA's focus?
Definition
For North & South to be equal in Museveni's government
Term
In terms of religious beliefs, what does the North (Acholi) believe?
Definition
Very spiritual, especially in curses
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