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Great Course Vocabulary
Building a Better Vocabulary
219
Language - English
Professional
09/21/2017

Additional Language - English Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Definition

an employee who does all kinds of work.

fac is Latin word means make like factory

Totum from a Latin root means all like total

Term
Definition

Procrustean

(especially of a framework or system) enforcing uniformity or conformity without regard to natural variation or individuality.

In Greek mythologyProcrustes  or "the stretcher [who hammers out the metal]", also known as Prokoptas or Damastes (Δαμαστής) "subduer", was a rogue smith and bandit from Attica who physically attacked people by stretching them or cutting off their legs, so as to force them to fit the size of an iron bed.

'procrustean bed solution'

Term
Definition

circumspect

wary and unwilling to take risks.

From "SPECT" root and "CIRCUM"

Looking around carefully before acting

Term
Definition

mountebank

a person who deceives others, especially in order to trick them out of their money; a charlatan.

late 16th century: from Italian montambanco, from the imperative phrase monta in banco! ‘climb on the bench!’ (with allusion to the raised platform used to attract an audience).

Term
Definition

specious

superficially plausible, but actually wrong.

misleading in appearance, especially misleadingly attractive.

 

From root "SPECT"

Term
Definition

spurious

not being what it purports to be; false or fake.

point is that it;s not intentional.

Term
Definition

apocrypha

writings or statements of dubious authenticity

Term
Definition

skulduggery

underhanded or unscrupulous behavior; also :a devious device or trick

Term
Definition

machination

a scheming or crafty action or artful design intended to accomplish some usually evil end

Term
Definition

hornswoggle

get the better of (someone) by cheating or deception.

bamboozlehoax

Term
Definition

ersatz

Describes an inferior substitute(Food).

POW slang

Term
Definition

gadfly

a person who annoys or criticizes others in order to provoke them into action

Like Socrates

Term
Definition

querulous

complaining in a rather petulant or whining manner

from Latin querulus, from queri ‘complain

Term
Definition

Maudlin

drunk enough to be emotionally silly.

Foolishly, tearfully, and weakly sentimental; overly emotional.

Refer to Mary of Magdalena

Term
Definition

mawkish

sentimental in an exaggerated or false way.

 

from obsolete mawk ‘maggot’

Term
Definition

treacle

sickly-sweet speech or sentiment.

a thick, sticky dark syrup made from partly refined sugar

Term
Definition

treacle

sickly-sweet speech or sentiment.

a thick, sticky dark syrup made from partly refined sugar

Term
Definition

scabrous

Indecent, shocking, scandalous.

Scabby, blotchy, and scaly.

Rough to the touch.

Term
Definition

noisome

Offensive to the point of arousing disgust; foul, particularly in reference

 

to an odor.

Term
Definition

fulsome

Excessively or insincerely lavish.

Abundant.

Term
Definition

donnybrook

A free-for-all; a brawl; a scene of disorder and uproar.

Term
Definition

kerfuffle

a disturbance or commotion typically caused by a dispute or conflict

Scot-Gaelic origin

Term
Definition

bellicose

Warlike, pugnacious, aggressively hostile

 

Bellicose shares the root bell with a number of other words, such as

belligerence, antebellum, and rebellion. This root is from the Latin

noun bellum, meaning “war.”

A good key word for the root bell is rebellion

 

re- means “back or again,” as in redo. Thus, a rebellion involves

rebels—people who have lost a war but want to “make war again”

 

to overcome their conquerors

Term
Definition

Imbroglio

A Confused mess

 

Imbroglio comes from an Italian word that means “to confuse” and

is related to the English word embroiled, which means “thrown into

 

a state of confusion.”

 

Interestingly, imbroglio is also related to broil, broth, and brew.

 

Term
Definition

castigate

Throw sever criticism                                   Scold, Reprimand

 The judge castigated the lawyers          Praise, Commend

for their lack of preparation.

 

Latin root:

 

Castus(Pure,Chaste) - Castigare(reprove)

        

 

Term
Definition

toothsome

Delicious;                                               Succulent

sexually attractive.                                 

 

Term
Definition

captious

Faultfinding,                                      Critical  

Difficult to please                              Forgiving, easy-going

 

Latin root:

Captio(seizing)

Term
Definition

circumlocution

Evasive, long-winded                                Indirectness

rambling or indirect speech

 

Latin:

Circum(Around) + locutio(speak)

Term
Definition

malediction

A curse;                                                      benediction, blessing

evil talk about someone

 

Latin Root:

mal(bad,evil) + dict(speak, dictate)

Term
Definition

malignant

dangerous or harmful(adjective)                    benign

 

malignant witch was full of malice.(in Snow white story)

Term
Definition

malevolent

evil, harmful;                                                                        benevolent

wishing evil or harm                                                                                                  

Term
Definition

malice

a desire to injure or                             benevolence

harm another(noune)

Term
Definition

malcontent

Someone chronically                          happy

dissatisfied 

 

Term
Definition

malaise

Unease, Discomfort(noune)             Comfort

 

Latin Root:

 

Mal + aise(related to ease) 

 

Term
Definition

Maladroit (adjective)

badly skilled                          adroit, skillful

Latin Root:mal+adroit(skillful)

 

 

 

 

Term
Definition

malefactor(noun)

A criminal

 

Latin Root:

mal +fac(do or make) + or

Term
Definition

Malfeasance (noun)

wrongdoing

or misconduct especially (US) by a public official

 

mal(evil) + faiscance(activity-Old French)

Term
Definition

Malinger (verb)

To fake illness to avoid work   

 

 

mal(wrongly) + haingre(French weak)      

Term
Definition

Venal (adjective)

Open to corruption                           honourablehonest

Available for purchase

 

 

From 'ven' like vendor, vending machine

Term
Definition

Insidious (adjective)

Cunning                                           straightforward

Type of evil work on inside job

that is secret

 

From Latin root:

insidere meaning to sit in or on

Term
Definition

Invidious (adjective)

Creating ill will                                     Fair

envy

 

 

From latin:

invidia(envy)

 

Term
Definition

Turpitude (noun)

wicked behaviour                                                    virtuehonour

 

 

From Latin:

Turpis(disgraceful)

Term
Definition

nascent

being born

 just coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.                                           

antonym:adult, mature

 

Latin Root:

nasci same as NAT like native, prenatal

Term
Definition

callow

inexperienced                                                            mature

 

Latin Root:

Calu: bald or bird without feather

Term
Definition

inchoate(adj)

just begun and so not fully

formed or developed; rudimentary

 

 

Latin Root:

incohare: begin

Term
Definition

dilettante

a person who cultivates an area of interest, such as the arts, without real commitment or knowledge

 

Italian Root:

Person who loves fine art

Term
Definition

tyro(noun&adj)

a beginner in learning

Novice

 

Term
Definition

rookie(noun)

Novice, a new recruit especially in the army or police

 

Origin:

Recruit + Rock

Term
Definition

abecedarian(noun)

one learning the rudiments of something (such as the alphabet)

Term
Definition

tenderfoot(noun)

a newcomer or novice

especially a person unaccustomed to hardship

Term
Definition

greenhorn(noun)

a person who is new to or inexperienced at a particular activity

Term
Definition

ingénue(noun)

an innocent or unsophisticated young woman, especially in a play or film

 

French for ingenuous

Term
Definition

puerile(adj)

childishly silly and immature

 

Origin: Latin

Puer(boy)   puerilis (like a boy)

Term
Definition

moribund(adj)

(of a person) at the point of death                                         Flourishing

 

 

Origin Latin:

Mori (to die)

Same root for mortal, immortal, mortality, postmortem, mortify, rigor mortis

 

Term
Definition

rigor mortis(noun)

stiffening of the joints and muscles of a body a few hours after death

 

LATIN Origin:

Morti(to die)

Term
Definition

agoraphobia

extreme or irrational fear of open or public places

Greek Origin:

agro: place of assembly, market

Term
Glossophobia
Definition

Glossophobia

Unreasonable fear of speaking in public

 

Greek Origin:

glossa and glot(tongue)

same as Polyglot

Term
Definition

acrophobia

Abnormal fear of heights


Greek origin:

Akros(at the end, the top, height, summit, or tip) like acrobotics, acropolis

Term
logophobia
Definition

logophobia

 

 

Fear of words

 

Greek origin:

logo(word, reason) like logic, monologe

 

Term
panophobia
Definition

panophobia

Fear of everything.

Greek origin:

 

Pan(all) like panamerican

Term
Bibliophobia
Definition
fear of book
Term
Definition

triskaidekaphobia

 

Fear of number 13

Greek origin:

triskaideka(13)

Term
Definition

Anglophile

Lover of england

 

Greek origin:

Phile(love and friendship)

 

 

Term
Definition

bibliophile

Lover of books

 

Greek origin:

biblion(book) + Philos(love)

Term
Definition

philharmonic

Lover of music

 

Italian origin

filarmonica(loving harmony)

Term
Definition

philosophy

Love of wisdom

Term
Definition

oenophile

Wine Lover

Greek origin:

Oenis(wine) + Philo

 

Term
Philatelist
Definition

Philatelist

A person  collects stamps

Term
Definition

canoodle

To kiss and cuddle; pet, caress; fondle

 

One apocryphal story behind canoodle is that it started as Oxford University slang during Victorian or Edwardian times, used to refer to a situation in which an amorous young couple would use a canoe and a paddle to get away from a chaperone.

 

Term
Definition

misanthrope(noun)

a person who dislikes humankind

and avoids human society

 cynicscepticchurlgrouchgrump

 

Greek Origin:

Misein(to hate) + anthropos(man)

Term
Definition

execrate(verb)

To damn, denounce, vilify

 

Latin Origin:

 

Sacer(scared)    exsecrate(cursed)

 

Term
Definition

Insipid(adj)

lacking flavour                                                             Tasty

tasteless

 

Latin origin:

in(not) + sapidus/Sapid(having strong flavour)

Term
Definition

sapid(adj)

Having strong flavour

 

Latin Origin:

Sapere(to taste) and Sapidus

Term
Definition

Vapid(adj)

Lacking in Zest, spirit and liveliness            Lively,             

dull, boring, bloodless, spiritless                 Exciting

 

Latin Origin:

 

Vapidus = a beverage that has lost its VAPOR

Term
Definition

prosaic(adj)

Lacking in imagination                                Interesting

everyday, ordinary

Unimaginative

 

From English Origin:

 

Pros Vs Poem

Term
Definition

quotidian(adj)

Daily, Customary                                      Unusual, Exciting

Usual

 

Latin Origin:

cotidie (daily)

dies mean day in latin

Term
Definition

hoi polloi

the common people.                                                   the elite, the aristocracy

 

Greek Origin:

Hoi (the) + Polloi (many, poly)

Term
Definition

hoity-toity

snobbish

 

 

Term
Definition

banal

lacking in originality                                                                 Original

as to be obvious and boring

Cliched, uninspiring

 

Ban(proclamation to arm) = banal(compulsory in mid 18th century)

Term
Definition

bromide

 

A platitude or cliche saying.

 

Referred to a sedative, a chemical compound of bromine and another metal. Of course, sedatives deaden and dull the senses

 

Term
Definition

nonpareil

Having no equal                                      Mediocrity

incomparable 

 

Latin Origin:

Par(equal)                     

Term
Definition

Sisyphean(adj)

denoting a task that can never be completed

 

from the Greek myth of Sisyphus

Term
Sword of Damocles
Definition

Sword of Damocles

 

situation of constant and imminent peril

 

Story of Damocles who finds out a sword hanging above the throne after sitting on it.

 

Term
Definition

Gordian knot

 

an extremely difficult or involved problem

 

Story of Gordius who became king after entering to a city he dedicated his ox cart to Zeus and tied the cart with an incredibly intricate knot around the pin the next king should be able to open the knot and no one could do it.

Term
Definition

Mercurial(adj)

volatile; erratic

 

Referring to Hermes, the Greek god of commerce and trade and messenger of god who also identified with the Roman god Mercury

Term
Definition

Saturnalia(noun)

an occasion of wild revelry or indulgence

 

Latin Origin:

he ancient Roman festival of Saturn in December, a period of general merrymaking and the predecessor of Christmas.

 

Term
Definition

saturnine(adj)

Gloomy                                                     Cheerful

 

Latin Root:

saturninus(of Saturn)

Term
Definition

Promethean(adj)

creative and innovative.

 

relating to or characteristic of the demigod Prometheus, especially in being rebelliously creative and innovative.

Term
Definition

supercilious(adj)

behaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others

 

Latin Root:

Cilium(eyelash) superscilium(eyebrow)

Term
Definition

bumptious(adj)

irritatingly self-assertive, Self-Important

They bump themselves in front of line

 

English:

Bump + Fractious

Term
Definition

hubris(noun)

excessive pride or self-confidence.

 

Greek Mythology

 

Term
Definition

bombast

Pretentious, pompous, grandiloquent speech or writing

high-sounding language with little meaning, used to impress people

Ant: Plain Speaking

bombast referred to cotton padding and stuffing insubstantial material to fill empty cushion and pillows

 

Term
Definition

bloviate(verb)

To talk pompously

to talk at great length in a pompous and boastful manner

 

American:

Blow becomes bloviate

Term
Definition

sycophant(noun)

a person who acts obsequiously

towards someone important

in order to gain advantage

A servile, self-seeking flatterer

 

Greek origin:

Sukon(fig) + Phainein(to show) = sukophantes(informer)

Term
Definition

obsequious(adj)

obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree

 

Latin origin of seq:

obsequi(follow) = obsequium(compliance)

All from seq root:

Sequence, second, sequel, sect

Term
Definition

wheedle(verb)

To persuade with smooth taliking

use endearments or flattery to persuade someone to do something or give one something

wheedle brings into mind tactics of snake-oil salesman

Cajole, coax

Term
Definition

blandishment(noun)

Flattery that is designed to persuade a listener to do something

cajolery, coaxing

Term
Definition

unctuous(adj)

excessively flattering or ingratiating;

oily

 

Unctuous comes from the Latin unctus, meaning “anointed with

 

oil".

Term
Definition

eulogy(noun)

a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, especially a tribute to someone who has just died.

 

Greek Origin:

Eu(good, well) + Logos(word)

Term
Definition

euphemism

a mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.

 

Greek Origin:

Eu(well) + pheme(speaking)

Term
Definition

euphonious(adj)

pleasing to the ear                                                          cacophonous

 

Greek Origin:

Eu(well) + phone

 

Term
Definition

eugenics(noun)

the science of improving a population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics.

 

Greek Origin:

Eu(well) + gen(birth)

Term
Definition

euthanasia(noun)

the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma.

 

Greek Origin:

eu(well) + thanatos(death)

Term
Definition

Dishabille(noun)

the state of being only partly or scantily clothed

 

French:

dis + habiller( to dress)

habiller same root as habit

Term
Definition

dystopia(noun)

an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one.

 

Dys + topia

Term
Definition

prescient(adj)

having or showing knowledge of events before they take place.

synonyms: propheticpredictivevisionary

 

Latin Origin:

prae(before) + scire(know)

Term
Definition

manumit(verb)

release from slavery; set free.

Latin:

manus(hand) + mittere(send, set free)

Term
Definition

manure(noun)

animal dung used for fertilizing land

French root:

means to cultivate land, and in old days they did it with hand and fertilizer

Term
Definition

doctrinaire

 

Dogmatic

 

 

Dogma: An unproved idea

Term
Definition

pontificate(verb)

express one's opinions in a pompous and dogmatic way

 

Latin root:

Pontif

Term
Definition

apostate

a person who renounces a religious or political belief or principle

 

Greek root:

apo(away) + state(standing)

 

Close to apostle:

apo(away) + stle(sending) = messanger

Term
Definition

agitprop(noun)

political (originally communist) propaganda, especially in art or literature

 

From communist ministry of agitation and propaganda

Term
fid
Definition

Latin noun fides, meaning “trust, faith.”

 

Fidelity

infidel

infidelity

confident

affidavit

bona fide

Diffident(not self-confident)

 

Term
cred
Definition

from the Latin verb credo, meaning “believe.”

credible(believable)

incredible

credentials

accredited

credulous(believing too easily)

Incredulous(skeptical)

Term
Definition

perfidious

deceitful and untrustworthy

 

from Latin Root;

Fides(trust)

Term
Definition

equivocal

intentionally ambiguous to mislead

 

Latin Origin:

equ(equal) + voc(to call) = equal voice to all thing

Term
Definition

ambiguous

open to more than one interpretation, not intentional

 

Latin origin:

ambi(both) = can have both meaning

Term
Definition

ambivalent

having mixed feelings

or contradictory ideas

 

Latin origin:

 

Ambi(both) = having both feelings

 

Term
Definition

dissemble(verb)

conceal or disguise one's true feelings or beliefs

 

Latin root:

Simulo(pretend, simulate)

 

Same root as resemble

Term
Definition

laconic(adj)

 using very few words

 

Greek Origin:

Comes from LACONIA a region that Sparta was its capital.

In response to Phillip of Macedonia's threat that "if I enter Laconia, I will raze Sparta to the ground"

They said only one word:

"IF"

Term
Definition

pithy

Brief and vigorously expressive

 

Origin:

Comes from PITH that is soft, spongy center of the stem of most plants and flowers.

 

A US general said only one word in response to their demand to surrender after besieging the city:

NUTS

When Nazi commander asked what it does mean, he said: in plain English, go to hell.

Term
Definition

obloquy(noun)

Harshly critical speech or verbal abuse

 

Latin Root:

OB(against)+ LOQui(speak)

like other words in English that are speech related:

ventriloquist, soliloquy, loquacious

Term
Definition

foment(verb)

to stir up.

 

Foment is often used alongside its collocates riot, insurrection, and

 

rebellion,

Term
Definition

fulminate(verb)

To issue a thunderous verbal attack

Latin Root:

Flumen(ligtening)

 

 

Term
Definition

philippic(adj)

a bitter attack or denunciation, especially a verbal one

 

Greek Origin:

a series of speeches by Athenian orator denouncing King Philip of Macedon.

Term
Definition

vilify(verb)

To attack someone’s reputation with strong or abusive criticism; to malign

 

Root:

Vile

Term
Definition

Calumny(noun)

A false accusation maliciously intended to destroy someone’s reputation

 

Latin Root:

Calumnia

Term
Definition

bowdlerize(verb)

Censure

 

Dr. Thomas Bowdler, who, in the early 19th century, decided that Shakespeare’s plays were too risqué to be appropriate for the public. Bowdler took it upon himself to remove all material from Shakespeare’s plays that he deemed offensive, objectionable, or immoral.

Term
Definition

Maunder(verb)

talk in a rambling manner, babble

 

Probably originated from:

Meander: wandering aimlessly

Term
Definition

pillory(noun)

attack or ridicule publicly

 

Refer to:

a wooden framework with holes for the head and hands, in which offenders were formerly imprisoned and exposed to public abuse.

Term
Definition

jeremiad(verb)

a long, mournful complaint or lamentation; a list of woes.

 

Jeremiad is named after the Old Testament prophet Jeremiah, who prophesied the imminent downfall of the Kingdom of Judah.

 

Term
Definition

badinage(verb)

banter,

humorous or witty conversation.

 

French Origin

Term
Definition

panegyric(noun)

Formal and elaborate praise,

 

Greek Origin:

Pan(all) + agora(assembly place)

Term
Pan
Definition

Pan

 

Pandemic

pantheon

Term
Definition

paean(noun)

A joyous song or hymn of praise.

 

Greek origin:

 

Thanksgiving song.

Term
Definition

claptrap(noun)

 

absurd or nonsensical talk or ideas.

Term
Definition

bunk

Foolish, untrue talk; nonsense

 

Refer to Bancombe a town in North Carolina whose representative used to deliver nonsense at Congress

 

Term
Definition

palaver(noun)

idle chit chat

 

Palaver brings to mind the buzz of conversation among students in the few minutes before class starts. Consider, for example, this context sentence: “The high school English teacher, annoyed at the incessant chattering in class, said, ‘Let’s put an end to this palaver

 

and start our discussion of Macbeth.

Term
Definition

pabulum(noun)

bland or insipid intellectual matter, entertainment

 

pablum was the trademark name for a soft, bland,

 

mushy, easy-to-digest cereal developed for infants

Term
Loc/Loq
Definition

Loc/Loq

 

Speak

 

elocution: the art of public speaking

eloquent: fluent an persuasive in speech 

colloquium: a conference, usually academic, at which experts speak on particular topics

colloquial: speaking in an informal way

 

 

 

Term
Dict
Definition

Dict

Speak

diction, dictate, dictionary, predict, verdict,

benediction, edict, and indict

Term
VOC
Definition

VOC

Call

 

vocal, vociferous, advocate, avocation, convocation,

 

equivocal, and invocation

Term
Definition

draconian

 excessively harsh and severe.

 

Refer to Draco who wrote a set of laws for Athenian which had death penalty for every crime. when they asked him why same punishment for minor and major crime he said I can't think of anything above death for major crimes

Term
Definition

quixotic

Romantically impractical or impulsive.

 

comes from the name Don Quixote, the main character in

 

a Spanish novel written by Miguel de Cervantes

Term
Definition

gerrymander

The act of dividing election districts to give one party an unfair

advantage

 

Elbridge Gerry was a signer of the Declaration of Independence,

delegate to the Second Continental Congress, vice president of the

United States under James Madison, and governor of Massachusetts.

Despite this impressive resume, Gerry is most well-known for a

specific type of political skulduggery that is still practiced and still

 

controversial today

Term
Definition

quisling

a traitor who collaborates with an enemy force occupying their country

 

Referring to a Norwegian army officer and politician. In 1933, he became the leader of Norway’s Fascist Party, and in 1939, he met with Adolf Hitler, asking Hitler to invade and occupy Norway.

 

Term
Definition

bedlam

A place or situation of noisy uproar and confusion.

 

Simon FitzMary, former sheriff of London, founded the Priory of

St. Mary of Bethlehem in 1247. Around 1330, this religious house

was converted into a hospital. Less than 100 years later, St. Mary’s

began to admit mental patients, and by the 16th century, it was

 

converted into a state asylum for the insane

Term
Definition

Luddite

Anyone who opposes the introduction of technological change

 

The original Luddites were a group of English craftsmen who organized themselves into an activist workers group in 1811.

Because the Luddites feared that the introduction of new machinery would put them out of work, they began destroying the machinery

 

Term
Billingsgate
Definition

Foul, coarse, abusive language.

 

Billingsgate was fish market in London well-known for something besides the fish: the vulgar language, in particular female fishmongers

 

Term
Definition

induction

Bottom-up reasoning,

the inference of a general law from particular instances like bring an example and make a rule out of it.

Term
Definition

exegesis

An explanation or critical interpretation, especially of the Bible or another religious text.

 

 

 

Term
Definition

perspicacious

having a ready insight into and understanding of things

 

In the 1950s, the theory of behaviorism dominated the social

sciences. Popularized by the writings of psychologists John B.

Watson and B. F. Skinner, behaviorism argued that all behavior,

including language, could be explained by a few laws of stimulus

 and response. Noam Chomsky, now widely recognized as the father of modern linguistics but a relatively unknown scholar at the time,

saw holes in this theory that others missed.

 

Latin Origin:

Perspica(Seeing Clearly)

Term
Definition

didactic

Inclined to teach or moralize excessively

 

Greek root:

 

Didaskein(teach)

 

Term
Definition

pedantic

excessively concerned with minor details or rules

Obsessed with trivia

 

Greek Origin:

Ped(child) like 

pediatrician(healer of Children)

pedagogy

encyclopedia

 

Term
Definition

pedagogy

the method and practice of teaching

 

Greek Root:

 

Ped(child)

Term
Definition

Pedestrian

 

Latin Origin:

PED(foot)

Pedal

Pedestal

pedigree

Impediment

expedite

 

Term
Definition

podiatry

Feet healing

 

Greek Origin:

Feet

Tripod

podium

antipodes

Term
Definition

Philistine

a person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts

BARBAR

 

The original Philistines were the inhabitants

of the southern coast of ancient Palestine. Enemies of the Israelites

Term
Definition

erudite

having or showing great knowledge

 

Latin Root:

 

Erudio(educate)

e(out of) + rudis(unpolished, rough, unlearned)

Same root as RUDE

Term
Definition

recondite

Difficult to understand

 

Latin Origin:

Re(back) + condere(secret)

Term
Definition

esoteric

understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest

 

Greek root:

 

Eso(within)

Term
gn(o)
Definition

gn(o) Root

Greek root: know

recognition

cognition

incognito

agnostic

diagnosis

ignorant

prognosis

 

Term
Definition

gnosis

knowledge of spiritual mysteries

 

Greek root:

 

gn(o) root

Gnosticism, a religious

movement of the 2nd century C.E. Gnosticism claimed that salvation

 

came from acquiring secret, esoteric knowledge

Term
Definition

sedulous(adj)

Diligent, persistent, tenacious

 

Latin root:

Sedulus(Zealous)

Term
Definition

facile(adj)

effortless

Other word facilitate,

Latin root:

fac(to make)

Term
FAC
Definition

Fac: to make factory, 

Also comes in other forms

FEC: effective,

FIC: artificial

FY: magnify, stpify

Term
Definition

alacrity(noun)

A quick and cheerful readiness and eagerness to do something.

 

Latin Root:

 

Alacer(brisk)

Term
Definition

indolent(noun)

Lazy

 

Latin Root:

IN(not) + Dolere(suffer pain)

Term
Definition

torpor

lethargy

 

latin root:

be numb or sluggish.

Refer to a fish that numbs its prey with electricity flow

Term
Definition

torpid

lethargic

 

Latin root:

 

refer to a fish that numbs its prey.

Torpedo comes from this root as it also numb the ship when it fires

Term
Definition

turbid

Muddy, confused like a disturbed water

 

Latin root:

a disturbance

 

turbulent, disturb, perturb, imperturbable,

 

and turbine

Term
Definition

turgid

swollen

 

Latin Root:

to swell

Term
Definition

lacuna

A gap or hole where something should be.

 

Latin Root"

Lacus(lake) and lacuna(lagoon)

Term
Definition

maw

the jaws or throat of a voracious animal

 

Old English:

Maga: stomach

Term
Definition

cleave

Split like a meat cleaver

 

German Origin:

 

Kleiben

 

 

Term
Definition

cleave

to cling to

 

 

Term
Definition

cabal

a secret political faction

 

Kabbala, a Jewish mystical method of interpreting scripture that became associated with the secret and the occult

Term
Definition

coterie

a small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.

 

German:

Kote

Term
Definition

denude(verb)

to make nude.

strip (something) of its covering, possessions, or assets

Term
Definition

abdicate

renounce one's throne

Like REZA Shah

 

Latin Root:

Ab(away) + dicate(declare)

Term
Definition

abnegate(verb)

To relinquish power

 

Latin Root:

Ab(Away) + Negate(deny)

Term
Definition

ablution

an act of washing oneself.

 

Latin Root:

 

ab(away) + Lu(water wash) similar to deluge

Term
Definition

antediluvian

of or belonging to the time before the biblical Flood

Latin Root:

Diluvian(deluge)

Term
Absquatulate
Definition

To flee, abscond

 

Ab means away

So squatting and running away

was an Americanism coined in the 1830s during a fad for creating Latin-sounding words that were playful and snappy. It might be used in a context sentence

such as this: “When we returned to our campsite, we realized that the other hiker had absquatulated with most of our gear.”

Term
Definition

Solipsism

An extreme preoccupation with one’s own feelings and thoughts

Term
Definition

protean

able to change frequently or easily.

 

Protean comes to us from Proteus, a sea god in Greek mythology

who both was prescient and could change shape. He would foretell

 

the future only to those who could catch him in his shape-shifting.

Term
Definition

splenetic

Bad Tempered

Refer to Spleen

Term
Definition

Fractious

 

rebellious

Causing fracture in a group

Term
Definition

asperity

harshness of tone or manner

LAtin Root:

Asper : harsh to describe sour wine, bad weather and bad time

Same root as

Exasperate

 

Term
Definition

importune

 

To harass with repeated requests

Term
Definition

phlegmatic

unemotional

 

Phlegm = mucus

 

in ancient medicine, phlegm was considered to be one of the four humors of the body—along with blood, black bile, and yellow bile—that needed to be in balance to sustain health. Phlegm was thought to cause apathy, and people who were cold and unemotional were said to have an imbalance of this humor—too much phlegm. From this,we get the word phlegmatic

 

 

Term
Definition

stoic

a person who can endure pain or hardship without showing their feelings

 

The adjective stoic came from Stoicism, a radical philosophy founded and taught by Zeno in Athens around 300 B.C.E. Zeno taught that happiness could be attained by the use of reason and by repressing emotion and becoming indifferent to pleasure and pain. The word stoicism came from the Stoa Poikile, the “Painted Porch,” a colonnaded portico in the agora of ancient Athens where Zeno taught.

 

Term
Definition

stolid

calm, dependable, and showing little emotion.

 

like phlegmatic and stoic, carries the general meaning of being unresponsive to something that would normally excite people.

it also “implies heavy, dull, obtuse impassivity or apathy” and suggests “impassive, mechanical, plodding, unquestioning adherence to routine.

 

 

 

Term
Definition

inure

accustom (someone) to something, especially something unpleasant.

 

Inure is the perfect verb to describe how stoics are able to suppress their emotions: They train themselves to become accustomed to hardship and privation. For example: “Living in the wild for 30 years, the stoic hermit had become inured to cold and want.

 

Term
Definition

fortitude

courage in pain or adversity

 

Latin Root:

Fortis(strong)

Term
Definition

moxie

determination, or nerve

 

he proprietary name of a soft drink

Term
Definition

temerity

Reckless boldness; rashness; foolhardy disregard of danger

 

Latin Root:

 

Temere: rashly

 

Term
Definition

chutzpah

extreme self-confidence or audacity (usually used approvingly)

 

Yiddish origin

Term
Definition

braggadocio

boastful or arrogant behaviour

Term
VAL
Definition

Val

 

Valor is a synonym for bravery comes from a Latin verb, valeo, which means “to be strong.”

Other words:

 

VALID

Validate

Evaluate

valiant

Convalescent

Term
Cide
Definition

Latin root: to kill, to cut

Suicide, homicide

Decide: cutting off other possibility

Patricide: to kill their own father

matricide: to kill their own mother

Infanticide

Genocide

Herbicide

Fungicide

Insecticde

Term
Cise
Definition

Same as root CIDE: to cut

Scissor

Incisive

Excise

 

Term
Definition

Parricide

From Latin root: CIDE

killing own parrent

Term
Definition

Caesura

break or interruption

 

Caesura is borrowed directly from the Latin noun caesura, which again, comes from the verb caedo, “to cut.”

 

Term
Definition

vivisection

performing operations on live animals for the purpose of experimentation or scientific research.

Term
Seg/Sec
Definition

To cut 

Like:

Section, sesgment

Insect: because its body is in obvious section

Dissect

Bisect: cut in two

Term
Definition

desuetude

a state of disuse.

end of something’s usefulness. Put this word to work to describe the state of something that you can’t use or that is no longer active owing to neglect, deterioration, or abandonment

 

 

Fall into desuetude

 

Term
Definition

perdition

Loss of the soul; eternal damnation; hell; utter ruin

 

Term
Definition

extirpate

To pull up by the roots; to root out and destroy completely; to wipe out

 

Latin root:

EX(out) + Strips

Term
Definition

abrogate

To abolish by formal, authoritative action; to annul, repeal

To treat as nonexistent; to do away with, set aside

 

Ab(away) + Rogare(propose a law)

Term
term/fin
Definition

End

like

Terminal, terminus, terminate, exterminate, interminably

 

Fin: Finish, finale, final, finite, define, infinite

Term
Definition

fin de siècle

End of the century

Term
Definition

Hobson's choice

a choice of taking what is available or nothing at all.

 

named after Thomas Hobson (1554–1631), a Cambridge carrier who hired out horses, giving the customer the ‘choice’ of the one nearest the door or none at all

Term
Definition

stultify

cause to lose enthusiasm and initiative, especially as a result of a tedious or restrictive routine

 

Latin Root:

Stultus: foolish

 

Term
Definition

frisson

pleasurable sensation of fright

 

Latin root: frigeo(to be cold)

Term
Definition

detritus

 

Disintegrated or eroded matter; debris

 same root as detrimental to your health

Latin:

Deterer(waste away)

Term
Definition

contumacious

stubbornly disobedient

Term
Definition

propitiate

try to regain the favor of

Term
Definition

truculent

 quick to argue or fight

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