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Final- Questions
5/16/2012
77
Art History
Undergraduate 1
05/16/2012

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Term
___________ is an eighteenth-century phase of the Baroque era that is characterized by lighter colours, greater wit, playfulness, occasional eroticism, and yet more ornate decoration.
Definition
Rococo
Term
___________'s fete galante paintings, such as Pilgrimage to Cythera, depict the outdoor amusements of French upper-class society with an air of suave gentility of Rococo taste.
Definition
Antoine Watteau
Term
The female artist __________ elevated the sitter by conveying refinement and elegance while clearly individualizing the sitter.
Definition
Elizabeth Vigee Le Brun
Term
When considering modernity and modern art the key component to this movement began as a direct outgrowth and reflection of the ___________.
Definition
Industrial Revolution
Term
The Neoclassical Period is also thought of as the Age of _________.
Definition
Enlightenment
Term
The return to the classical style of the Neoclassical period was based upon the excavations of _________ which began in 1748.
Definition
Pompeii and Herculaneum
Term
Neoclassical painter-ideologist of the French Revolution __________'s painting the Oath of the Horatio celebrates ancient Roman patriotism and sacrifice featuring statuesque figures and classical architecture.
Definition
Jacques-Louis David
Term
____________ is a ninteeth-century movement that depicted Enlightenment ideals, and can be thought of in terms of the depiction of heroism, and idealism. Furthermore, there was an interest in rationality, truth, reason, and logic.
Definition
Neoclassicism
Term
The painting The Death of General Wolfe by _______ used modern dress rather than antique drapery to depict a contemporary historical event within a classical composition, and representative an episode of the conquest of Quebec in 1759.
Definition
Benjamin West
Term
Jefferson based his design for Monticello on the work of _________.
Definition
Palladio
Term
_________ is considered to be the first modern art historian, who was one of the first to systematically organize art by style and period.
Definition
Johann Joachim Winckelmann
Term
__________ is a nineteeth-century movement that rebelled against academic neoclassicism by seeking extremes of emotion as enhanced by exceptional brushwork and a brilliant palette. It may be thought of as a counter-Enlightenment movement, or perhaps as an oppositional phase of Enlightenment that was grounded in difference rather than uniformity
Definition
Romanticism
Term
Romanticism believed in the notion that __________, and they also valued sincere feeling and honest emotions.
Definition
Feeling is All
Term
According to Emanuel Kant the "sublime" is something that is ______.
Definition
Terrifyingly beautiful
Term
Social-Romanticist __________ depicted horrified expressions and anguish on the massacred Spanish in his The Third of May, 1808, endowing them with a humanity lacking in the French firing squad.
Definition
Francisco de Goya
Term
___________'s painting Liberty Leading the People probably best exemplifies the common notion of romantic art.
Definition
Eugene Delacroix
Term
Because of America's relatively short period of history artists during the early 19th century were investigating their own type of History Painting - that of __________.
Definition
Landscape painting
Term
The Hudson River School was a group of ninteenth-century American landscape painters who worked in the eastern United States along the Hudson River. _________'s painting The Oxbow (View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Mass) presents the group's ideas of expansive wilderness incorporating the "Sublime", Manifest Destiny, and the romantic appeal to the public.
Definition
Thomas Cole
Term
Writing the manifesto on Realism, the painting Burial at Ornans by ___________ epitomizes the style of realism.
Definition
Gustave Courbet
Term
______ is a style of art characterized by portraying subject matter accurately, truthfully, and the "truthful, objective and impartial representation of the real world, based on meticulous observation of contemporary life."
Definition
Realism
Term
Work sanctioned by the official academics and art schools was referred to as ________. this work was tightly controlled, competitive, and subsidized by the government. It supported a limited range of subject matter and a highly polished technique and did not encourage experimentation or innovation.
Definition
Academy art
Term
Edouard __________ borrowed the composition for his painting Luncheon on the Grass from Raimondi's engraving The Judgement of Paris.
Definition
Manet
Term
The first woman artist to receive the Légion d'Honeeur (1865).
Definition
Rosa Bonheur
Term
The invention of ________ shortly before the mid-century was a significant milestone, as it altered the public perceptions of "Reality."
Definition
Photography
Term
The quinssential American artist ___________ depicted the modern interest in realism medicine and science in his painting The Gross Clinic.
Definition
Thomas Eakins
Term
A Mosque is from what region?
Definition
Islamic
Term
Shiva as Lord of the Dance is from what region?
Definition
Indian
Term
The Great Stupa at Sanchi is from what region?
Definition
Indian
Term
Quetzalcóatl is from what region?
Definition
Native South Americas
Term
The Stage Kuya Invoking the Amida Buddha is from what region?
Definition
Japanese
Term
Some of the earliest, and certainly the most massive, art of the Americas was produced by the ______.
Definition
Olmecs
Term
Oceanic art is divided into three main cultures, Polynesia, Micronesia, and _______.
Definition
Melonsia
Term
Machu Picchu is located in modern-day _____.
Definition
Peru
Term
Buddhism originated in Northern India, (present-day Nepal) where the historical Buddha, known as Prince ________ was born.
Definition
Siddhartha Gautama
Term
The Aztecs were a small group of poor nomads until they established their capital in about 1325 CE on the side of modern _______.
Definition
Mexico City
Term
Among Native Americans, the Navajos of the Southwest are particularly noted for their fiber artistry and _____ paintings.
Definition
Sand
Term
The era of Islam was founded in Arabia by _________ in 622 CE.
Definition
Mohammad
Term
The Taj Mahal was built as a ________, and is considered a monument to "the power of _______".
Definition
Mausoleum; love
Term
Missionaries from _______ successfully introduced Buddhism to China during the second century CE.
Definition
India
Term
Considering the greatest elemental aspect in which propelled society into modernity is the onset of a greater sense of _________; rapid urbanization; the rise of mass media and industrial models of mass production, which contributed to an extensive co-modification of the marketplace.
Definition
Technology
Term
In ________'s painting Nocturne in Black in Gold (Falling Rocket) he displayed an interest in conveying the atmospheric effects of fireworks at night along with emphasizing the abstract arrangement of shapes and colours.
Definition
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
Term
A hostile art critic applied the expression "Impressionism" as a derogatory term to _________'s painting Impression: Sunrise. The artist wanted to display the Impressionist interest in vagrant effects of light.
Definition
Monet
Term
________ is a late nineteenth-century style of art characterized by the attempt to capture the fleeting effects of light by means of painting in short strokes of pure colour.
Definition
Impressionism
Term
Many of the Impressionists, including Monet, were dedicated to working ________ that is, out of doors.
Definition
En plein air
Term
American born Impressionist artist __________ approach to the composition owes much to Japanese prints, including the painting The Bath.
Definition
Mary Cassatt
Term
____________ is a late nineteenth-century art style that relies on the gains made by impressionists in terms of the use of colour and spontaneous brushwork, but which uses these elements as expressive devices.
Definition
Post-Impressionism
Term
Writing the theories on colour ________'s painting A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of la Grande Jatte was painted with small dots of colour, a technique known as Pointillism.
Definition
Georges Seurat
Term
____________ attempted to communicate the vastness of the universe in his painting Starry Night.
Definition
Vincent van Gogh
Term
_________ is a modern school of art in which an emotional impact is achieved through agitated brushwork, intense coloration, and violent, hallucinatory imagery.
Definition
Expressionism
Term
The artist __________ wanted to reduce everything to cylinders, sphere, and cones, i.e. geometric.
Definition
Paul Cézanne
Term
The artist _________ replaced the transitory visual effects of changing atmospheric conditions, with careful analysis of the lines, planes, and colours of nature in the painting Mont Ste. Victoire.
Definition
Paul Cézanne
Term
________ is a movement in which could be thought of in terms of a notion that is ambiguous, and a symbol of something more meaningful and, an art that suggests rather than defines.
Definition
Symbolism
Term
Depicting the feeling of the era of alienation, fragmentation and despair, __________'s Burghers of Calais, commemorate an episode during the Hundred Years' War, when six Calais citizens offered their lives to save their city.
Definition
Auguste Rodin
Term
As we wenter the 20th century artists wanted "to make it new," they believed in Innovation and a Rejection of the Past. In the arts there is the breakdown and/or rejection of traditional systems of representation and the proliferation of experimental avant-garde groups; and the emergence of socialist, feminist and anti- or post-colonial politics.

True or False?
Definition
True
Term
_______ is a term that translates as "wild beasts". This group of artists wanted to convey not describe with colour.
Definition
Fauvism
Term
_______ believed painters should choose compositions that express their feelings. Reflecting his interest in Persian illuminated manuscripts the painting Red Room (Harmony in Red) has a repetition of identical patterning and colour of the table and of the wall.
Definition
Henri Matisse
Term
Dresden Expressionism, also known as _______ is a group that expressed the idea of Bridging from animals to higher humans, and also bridging from the past to the future.
Definition
Die Brucke (The Bridge)
Term
Munich Expressionism, also known as _______, is a group that dictated the spirituality of painting.
Definition
Der Balue Reiter (Blue Ryder)
Term
The author of "Concerning the Spiritual in Art was __________, who also in 1913 would produce what were the first free-form, largely nonobjective art of the new century, as seen in the painting Improvisation 28.
Definition
Vassily Kandinsky
Term
African and ancient Iberian sculpture and the late paintings of Cézanne influenced __________'s pivotal work Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, with which opened the door to a radically new method of representing forms in space.
Definition
Pablo Picasso
Term
__________ is a group of artists that wanted to break up the image into geometric elements, and to have multiple viewpoints with no perspective, in other words to deconstruct objects.
Definition
Cubism
Term
______ can be thought of in terms of a diverse level of creativity formed from movement, energy, destruction and mass confusion, which also used anarchist and fascist tendencies.
Definition
Futurism
Term
In the bronze Unique Forms of Continuity in Space Italian Futurist artist __________ wanted to capture pure plastic rhythm, which is a running figure so expanded and interrupted that it almost disappears behind a blur of its movement.
Definition
Umberto Boccioni
Term
________ is a group of artists that dounded a deliberately meaningless name of the first anti-art movement. They depicted anything that didn't make sense, and avoided meaning. They also believed that everything in which belongs to the world belongs to the War.
Definition
Dada
Term
________'s Dada photomontage Cut with a Kitchen Knife, presents to the viewer the chaotic, contradictory, and satiric commentary on the period.
Definition
Hannah Hoch
Term
___________ is a group of artists that believed that the key to universal harmony is the right angle. Right angle is cosmic connection - one constant in the universe.
Definition
De Stijl
Term
The _____ was a 1913 exhibition that contained more than 1600 works representing both European and American artists. The show illustrated the major artistic developments in Europe and brought those ideas and art works to the United States audience. It also provided American artists with a showcase for their works.
Definition
Armory Show
Term
_________'s painting Nude Descending a Staircase, No.2, was singled out by the hostile critics at the Armory Show of 1913 as emblematic of this so-called insanity and corruption of the new art.
Definition
Marcel Duchamp
Term
Calling his style "Cosmic Cubism" _______ painted an elergy to a lover killed in battle during World War I, which can be seen in the work Portrait of a German Officer.
Definition
Marsden Hartley
Term
"I believe in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality, in appearance so contradictory, in a sort of absolute reality, ore surreality." This definition of Surrealism was written by _______.
Definition
André Breton
Term
The discrepancy between Surrealist ___________'s The Treachery (or Perfidy) of Images, meticulously painted pipe and his caption, "This is not a pipe," challenges the viewers reliance on the conscious and the ration in the reading of visual art.
Definition
René Magritte
Term
_________ embodies an ambiguous unconscious consciousness formed from a dream-like state and image. Their goals were to confuse, awaken, question and ponder the reality of thought.
Definition
Surrealism
Term
De Stijl artist __________ depicted the key to universal harmony is the right angle: the right angle is cosmic connection - one constant in the universe, in the painting Compostion in Red, Blue, and Yellow.
Definition
Piet Mondrian
Term
Considered as the paradigm of organic architecture _____________'s Kaufmann House (Fallingwater) sought to incorporate the structure more fully with the site, thereby ensuring a fluid, dynamic exchange between the interior and the natural environment outside.
Definition
Frank Lloyd Wright
Term
In the softly curbing surface of his elegant Bird in Space, ________ emphasized the natural and organic. The artist sought to move beyond surface appearances to capture the essence or spirit of the object depicted.
Definition
Constantin Brancusi
Term
___________ photographed the rural poor who were displaced by the Great depression in the 1930s, as seen in the photograph Migrant Mother.
Definition
Dorothea Lange
Term
__________ was an avid proponent of a social and poltical role for art in the lives of the common people, which he depicted in his public mural Ancient Mexico, from the History of Mexico.
Definition
Diego Rivera
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