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Craven 4
culture and ethnicity
17
Nursing
Undergraduate 4
02/18/2013

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Term
how does understanding culture and ethnic diversity help improve nursing care
Definition
Increases diversity of people with whom nurses communicate effectively
Enables nurses to attend more accurately to the integrity of the client as a socially and culturally connected person
Prevent nurses from imposing their own cultural presuppositions on clients and peers
Term
culture
Definition
A belief system that the members of the culture hold to varying degrees, consciously and unconsciously as absolute truth. The belief system guides everyday behavior and makes it routine It provides answers to the unanswerable questions of life, sickness, and death. Makes the world make sense. Enables a person to behave reasonably in contexts that she or he share with members of the same culture
Term
characteristics of culture
Definition
Culture is learned from other people over time
Shared by people who communicate with each other
Shared unequally by it’s member
Culture is dynamic (culture change)
Culture is diverse
Culture is reasonable from the perspective of its members
Not easily described by it’s members
Habituated assumptions (usual way)
Ethnocentric(view ones culture as the truth)
Relative (cultures relate differently to same situations)
Pervasive—holistic
Observable in rituals
Recognized at many levels-artwork
Term
ethnicity
Definition
Ethnicity-self conscious past oriented form of identity based on notion of shared cultural and ancestral heritage
Term
minority
Definition
Minority-defined by social power, size of population, ethnicity
Term
Race
Definition
Race-biological characteristics as markers of separate social status (ethnic group takes social characteristics (language, religion)
Term
racism
Definition
Racism-uses skin color as the primary indicator of social value
Term
subcultures
Definition
Subcultures- holistic belief system that is held most expertly by recognizable portion of the larger population
Term
sterotype
Definition
Stereotype- preconceived untested beliefs about people
Term
culturally competent nursing
Definition
Culturally competent nursing-(transcultural nursing)-culture is an integral component of the of nursing process
Term
biocultural variations
Definition
Growth and development-populations differ in adult size because of genetic and environment al factors

Nutritional tolerance cultural food preferences

Body odor- how people respond

Skin color
Term
madeleine leininger
Definition
Madeleine Leininger founded transcultural nursing 50 years ago to help people of diverse cultures
Term
arab americans
Definition
48% live in Ca, Fl, Michigan, NY NJ (most in Michigan)
Religion-Christian, Judaism, Islam
Values family, female chastity, male dominance
Health issues
Diabetes-at risk obese, age, gender, low employment rate, lack of education
Acculturation plays a role in diabetes
Mental illness
Adolescent smoking in males
Barriers to healthcare-religion, culture, values, lack of English skills (same sex doctor)
Term
asian americans
Definition
Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, Vietnamese
Surpassed all ethnic groups in educational achievements
Breast cancer seek treatment late
Heart disease, cancer CVA leading cause of death
Low infant death rate lowest, high rate of prenatal care, are not overweight, don’t smoke, low rate of htn
Mental health problems related to stress
Family most important, respect elders,
Folk medicine, Yin/Yang (energies), Herbs, CAM
Term
latino americans
Definition
Largest ethnic group in US called Latinos
Highest uninsured group
High rate of cervical cancer
Don’t get preventative care
Delay in getting healthcare , rare preventative medicine
High rate stomach cancer
HIV leading cause of death
Poor access to healthcare, insurance, language barriers
Emphasis on family and religion (spiritual strength) disease is a consequence of poor behavior
Term
african americans
Definition
13% Us population, minority group because of slavery
Health status related to social, economic, and environmental factors, access to healthcare
High infant and maternal mortality
Malnutrition, anemia, lead poisoning, injuries
High cancer rates and mortality
HIV, HTN, obesity, mental illness
Beliefs center on family and religion herbs, home remedies, healers
Term
native american
Definition
Minority group, low income, poverty predispose them to illness
Highest number of smokers
Injuries, cirrhosis, diabetes, suicide, homicides, abuse ,mental illness, obesity poor access to healthcare
Present oriented, respect cooperation, health is living in harmony with nature, traditional medicine, rituals and ceremonies
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