Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Chapter 6 Keyterms Sec. 3,4
Modern WH Mcdougal Chapter 6 Section 3-4 Keyterms
10
Social Studies
9th Grade
10/07/2012

Additional Social Studies Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
salon
Section 3
Definition
Social gatherings that had mainly taken place in mansions in Paris. During the 1700s, the Enlightenment had been very popular and salons were composed of wealthy women that hosted philosophers, writers, artists, scientists, and other great intellects to discuss ideas. Since many thinkers were able to share ideas, this helped let the Enlightenment grow and spread.
Term
baroque
Section 3
Definition
A new style of art that had dominated European art in the 1600s and early 1700s. Baroque had been distinguished by a grand, ornate design made by painters in places such as Versailles. Since the Englightenment had been growing during this time, baroque slowly faded as a new style of art emerged.
Term
neoclassical
Section 3
Definition
An artistical change that had affected artists and architects in their work. The way they had made art and other things is now more simple and elegant rather than grand and ornate. These styles had been based off of the Greeks and Romans during the late 1700s. It had been known as neoclassical, or new classical, because of this.
Term
Enlightened Despots
Section 3
Definition
monarchs that had embraced Enlightenment ideas and made reforms based on that. People such as Frederick the Great who ruled from 1740 to 1786 made many reforms on their countries. Even though they supported philosophes, they still wanted to rule more effectively. Many enlightened despots ruled powerful countries which led to the Enlightenment spreading and growing even more.
Term
Catherine the Great
Section 3
Definition
Most admired ruler of the philosophes. While she ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796, she had saught to reform Russia. Catherine had made a proposal to reform the laws of Russia based on Montesquieu and Beccaria's ideas in 1767. She also proposed religious toleration and abolishing torture. These were turned down though. Limited reforms were eventually placed, but peasant's lives were not improved very well. As Catherine gained more territory for Russia, she eventually developed it into an international power.
Term
Declaration of Independence
Section 4
Definition
A document written by the political leader Thomas Jefferson in July 1776. The document, issued by the Second Continental Congress in the 13 colonies, argued ideas of natural rights based on John Locke and the Enlightenment. The document stated equality for all men such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Since the document ended by declaring the colonies' separation from Britain, a war was fought for their independence.
Term
checks and balances
Section 4
Definition
America's built-in system to keep one part of the government from becoming too powerful. Established during the Constitution's making in 1787, it involved Montesquieu's ideas of separation of powers. The government used 3 branches, legislative, executive, and judicial, that were able to check the power of each other. Since the delegates of the Constitutional Convention debated about the government for so long, they eventually used ideas of the Enlightenment for a new one.
Term
Thomas Jefferson
Section 4
Definition
A political leader from Virginia. Jefferson is best known for writing the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Jefferson supported things such as free speech, religious freedom, and other civil liberties. Since he was such an influential leader, he also became the 3rd president of the US.
Term
federal system
Section 4
Definition
Set up by the delegates of the Constitutional Converntion, the federal system allows the states to have political power too. Established with the Constitution in 1787, the federal system divided power between state and national government. Even though the US's central government is strong, it also had local governments to balance power.
Term
Bill of Rights
Section 4
Definition
Ten amendments that had been added to the Constitution. The Antifederalists did not support the Constitution fully until this was added in 1787. The Bill of Rights' amendments protected basic rights such as freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion. It had been Enlightenment ideas such as Voltaire's, Locke's, and Rousseau's. Since it gives the Constitution flexibility in laws, many amendments have been added in addition to the Bill of Rights.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!