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Chapter 3 Vocabulary 2
Hornet Tech Chapter 3 Vocabulary 2
13
Computer Science
9th Grade
03/09/2015

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Term
Volume
Definition
A primary partition that has been assigned a drive letter and can be formatted with a file system such as NTFS. Compare to logical drive.
Term
Root directory
Definition
The main directory, at the top of the top-down, hierarchal structure of subdirectories, created when a hard drive or disk is first formatted.  In Linux, it is indicated by a forward slash. In DOS and Windows, it is indicated by a backward slash.
Term
Subdirectory
Definition
A directory or folder contained in another directory or folder.  Also called child directory or folder.
Term
File Extension
Definition
A portion of the name of a file that indicates how the file is organized or formatted, the type of content in the file, and what program uses the file.  In command lines, the file extension follows the filename and is separated from it by a period.
Term
Navigation pane
Definition
In Windows Explorer or the Computer windows pane on the left side of the window where devices, drives, and folders are listed.  Double-click an item to drill down into the item.
Term
Filename
Definition
The first part of the name assigned to a file, which does not include the file extension.  In DOS, it can be no more than 8 characters long and is followed by the file extension.  In Windows, it can be up to 255 characters.
Term
Library
Definition
In Windows 7, a collection of one or more folders that can be stored on different local drives on the network.
Term
Path
Definition
A drive and list of directories pointing to a file such as C:\Windows\System32.
Term
File Attributes
Definition
The properties assigned to a file.  Examples of file attributes are read-only and hidden status.
Term
Folder Attributes
Definition
The properties assigned to a folder.  Examples of folder attributes are read-only and hidden status.
Term
Compressed folder
Definition
A folder with a .zip extension that contains compressed files.  When files are put in the folder, they are compressed.  When files are moved to a regular folder, the files are decompressed.
Term
Zipped folder
Definition
Another term for compressed folder.
Term
Sidebar
Definition
Located on the right side of the Vista desktop and displays Vista gadgets.
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