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Chapter 1
A Science of Behavior
10
Psychology
Graduate
11/27/2015

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Term
________ is the alteration (or maintenance) of an organisms's behavior due to _________.
A. behavior; causes
B. Learning; lifetime events
C. Culture; social norms
D. Evolution; genes
Definition
B. Learning; lifetime events
Term
The experimental analysis of behavior is:
A. A natural-science approach to understanding behavior regulation
B. concerned with controlling and changing factors that affect behavior
C. concerned with the principle of reinforcement
D. All of the above
Definition
D. All of the above
Term
A __________ is behavior that is elicited by a biologically relevant stimulus, while a __________ is a behavior that is controlled by its consequences.
A. reflex; respondent
B. respondent; voluntary
C. reflex; operant
D. operant; respondent
Definition
C. reflex; operant
Term
Selection by consequences occurs at three levels. What are these?
A. natural selection, behavioral selection, and cultural selection
B. artificial selection, culture, and linguistic selection
C. natural selection, artificial selections, and cultural selection
D. artificial selection, natural selection, and linguistic selection
Definition
A. natural selection, behavioral selection, and cultural selection
Term
What does a duckling inherit in terms of imprinting?
A. the behavior of following its mother
B. the behavior of following a "duck sized object"
C. the capacity to be reinforced by reducing the distance between itself and a moving object.
D. the capacity to follow its mother as she obtains food in an ecological area.
Definition
C. the capacity to be reinforced by reducing the distance between itself and a moving object.
Term
Skinner stated that behavior (including human behavior) resulted from __________.
A. genes
B. environment
C. self-determination
D. Both A and B
Definition
D. Both A and B
Term
According to Baer, Wolf, and Risley (1968), what is the difference between basic and applied behavior analysis?
A. basic research is likely to look at any behavior and any variable
B. applied research looks at variables that could improve the behavior

D. none of the above
Definition
C. Both A and B
Term
Which of the following statements is true of Pavlov and his contributions?
A. he won a Nobel Prize
B. he investigated the salivary reflex
C. he discovered the conditioned ( or conditional) reflex
D. all of the above
Definition
D. all of the above
Term
Which of the following statements are true of the new-style behaviorists (behavior analysts) and their views?
A. they adopted the behaviorism of John B Watson
B. they studied behavior for its own sake
C. they rejected genetic influences
D. all of the above
Definition
B. they studied behavior for its own sake
Term
How are thinking and feeling treated from a behavioral perspective?
A. more behavior to be explained
B. the causes of overt behavior
C. the relationship between the mental and the physical
D. the mind and its regulation of behavior.
Definition
A. more behavior to be explained
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