Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Chapter 0 Section 1 Keyterms
Modern WH McDougal Chapter 0 Section 1 Keyterms
8
Social Studies
9th Grade
09/11/2012

Additional Social Studies Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
government
Definition
A system for controlling the society. Established by Greeks at about 2000 BC. Since this was one of the earliest history of government, many different forms were used.
Term
monarchy
Definition
A government where a single person, king or monarch, would rule. Adopted by the Greek city-states at about 2000 BC. Since it had been ruled by only one person, it was not a strong government.
Term
aristocracy
Definition
A government by a small group of noble, land-owning families. Used by Greeks at around 2,000 BC. Since the rulers were hereditary, some were not fit to be rulers.
Term
oligarchy
Definition
A government ruled by a few powerful nobles. Adopted by Greeks in around 2,000 BC. Since it was ruled by only wealthy merchants, it was not a strong government.
Term
democracy
Definition
A government where citizens would participate in government and had certain responsibilities and rights such as voting. Starting in Athens in around 2,000 BC, only adult male residents were able to vote. Since the people were able to rule, Athens was the largest and most powerful city-state in its time.
Term
direct democracy
Definition
A democracy where citizens rule and make laws directly rather than voting for representatives. Introduced by Pericles to Athens between 461 and 429 BC. Since all citizens participated, it caused greater citizen participation.
Term
republic
Definition
A new government set up by Rome. It uses indirect democracy, which has citizens elect officials to vote for laws and rule. Set up by aristocrats in 509 BC, Rome had given the world the idea of a it.
Term
senate
Definition
The legislative branch of Rome's republic. Made up of Patricians who controlled foreign and financial policies and advised the consuls.Set up during the beginning of republic in 509 BC. Since the consuls did not have all the power, Rome had a more balanced government with the it.
Supporting users have an ad free experience!