Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Ch 14
N/A
49
Management
Undergraduate 3
04/19/2011

Additional Management Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Leadership
Definition
the use of power and influence to direct the activities of followers toward goal achievement
Term
Synonomous
Definition
Leader and Manager is not...
Term
Leading through Vision and Values
Definition
help the team understand the vision
Term
Championing Coninuous Improvement
Definition
set appropriate expectations for improvement
Term
Building Business partners
Definition
view your internal and external customers as partners
Term
Facilitating Learning
Definition
remove barriers and obtain resources os that learning is as easy as possible
Term
Leader-member exchange theory (LMX thoery)
Definition
describes how leader-memeber relationship develop over time on a dyadic basis:
Role taking phase
Role making phase
Term
Role Taking phase
Definition
a manager descibes role expectations to an employee and the employee attempts to fulfill those expectations with his or her job behaviors
Term
Role Making Phase
Definition
the employees own expectations fot he dyad get mixed in with those of the leader
Term
Leader effectiveness
Definition
is the degree to which th leadr's actions result in the achivement o the unit's goals, the ocntinued commitment of the unit's employees, and the development of mutual trust, repsect, and obligation in leader-member dyads
Term
leader emergence
Definition
traits are more predictive of this (who becomes leader) than they are of leader effectiveness
Term
HOW
Definition
Decision-making styles capture______ a leader decides
Term
Autocratic Style
Definition
the leader makes the dicision alone without asking for the opinoins or suggestions of the employees in the work unit
Term
Consultative style
Definition
th leader presents the problem to individul employees or a group of employees, asking for their opinions and suggestions before ultimately making the decisions him or herself
Term
Facilitative Style
Definition
the leader presents the problem to a group of employees and seeks consensus on a solution, making sure that his or her own opinon receives no more weight than anyone else's
Term
Delegative style
Definition
the leader gives an individual emplyee or a group of employee's the responsibility of making the decision wtihin some set of specified boundary conditions
Term
Time-Driven Model of Leadership
Definition
suggests that the focus should shift away from autocratic, consultative, facilitative, and delegative leaders to autocratic, consultative, facilitative, and delegative situations
Term
Decision Significance
Definition
the decision significant to the success of the project or the organiztion
Term
Importance of Commitment
Definition
it is importatnt that emplyees "buy in" to the decisions
Term
Leader Expertise
Definition
Does the leader have significant knowledge or expertise regarding the problem?
Term
Likelihood of Commitment
Definition
How likely is it that employees will trust the leader's decision and commit to it?
Term
Shared Objectives
Definition
Do employees share and support the same objectives or do they have an agenda of their own?
Term
Employee expertise
Definition
Do the employees ahve significant knowledge or expertise regarding hte problem?
Term
Teamwork skills
Definition
do the employees have the ability to work together to solve the problem, or will they struggle with conflicts or inefficiencies?
Term
Decions Significance
Importance of commitment
Leader Expertise
Likelihood of commitment
Shared Objectives
Employee experitse
Teamwork Skills
Definition
Seven factors combine to make some decions-making styles more effective in a given situation and other stlyes less effective (Time Driven Model of Leadership)
Term
Initiating sturcture
Definition
reflects the extent to which the leader defines and structures the roles of emplyees in pursuit of goal attainment (high in this area play a more active role in directing group acitivies adn prioritize planning, scheduling and trying out new ideas)
Term
consideration
Definition
reflects the extent to whih leaders create job relatinships characerized by mutual trust, respect for employee ideas, and consideration of employee feelings (leaders who are high create a climate of good raport and strong two way communication and exhibit a deep concern for the welfare of employees)
Term
Ohio State Studies
Definition
initiating structure and Consideration

(independent concepts: can be high on one and low on the other)
Term
Michigan Studies
Definition
identified concepts called production-centered (or task-oriented) and employee-centered (or relations-oriented) behaviors

framed their task-oriented and relations-oriented concepts as two ends of one continuum, implying that leaders couldn't be high on both dimensions
Term
Readiness
Definition
the degree to which employees ahve the ability and the willingness to accomplish their specific tasks
Term
Life Cycle Theory of Leadership
Definition
optimal combination of initiating sturcture and consideration depends on the readiness of the employees in the work unit
Term
Telling
Definition
(hihg initiating stucture, low consideration) the leader provides specific insturctions and closely supervises performance
Term
Selling
Definition
(high initiating, low consideration)--the leader supplements his or her directing with support and encouragement to protect the confidence levels of the employees
Term
Participating
Definition
(low initiating structure, high consideration)--the leader shares ideas and tires to help the group conduct affiars
Term
Delegating
Definition
(low inititing structure, low consideration)--the leader turns responsibility for key bahaviors over to the employees
Term
Transformational Leadership
Definition
involves inspiring followers to commit to a shared vision that provides meaning to their work while also serving as a role model who hleps followers develop their own potential and view problems from new perspectives
Term
Laissez-faire leadership
Definition
(hands-off) is the avoidance of leadership altogether
Term
Transactional leadership
Definition
occurs when the leader rewards or diciplines the follower depending on the adequacy of the follower depending on the adequacy of the follower's performance
Term
Passive management by exception
Definition
the leader waits aroud for mistakes and errors, then takes corretive action as necessary
Term
active management by exception
Definition
the leader arranges to monitor mistakes and errors actively and again takes corrective action when required
Term
contingent reward
Definition
happens when the leader attains follower agreement on what needs to be done using promised or actual rewards in exchnage for adequate performance
Term
idealized influence
Definition
involves behaving in ways that earn th admiration, turst and repsect of followers, cuasing followers to want to identify with and emulate the leader
Term
Inspirational motivation
Definition
involves behaving in ways that foster and enthusiasm for and commitment to a shared vision of the future
Term
Intellectual stimulation
Definition
involves bahaving in ways that challenge follower sto be innovative and creative by questioning assumptions and reframing old situations in new ways
Term
individualized consideration
Definition
involves behaving in ways that help followers achieve their potential through coaching, development, and mentoring
Term
Substitutes for leadership model
Definition
suggests that certain characteristics of the stiuation can constrain the influence of the leader, making it more difficult for the leader to influence employee performance
Term
Stubstitues
Definition
reduce the importance of the leader while simultaneoulsy providing a direct benefit to empolyee performance
Term
Neutralizers
Definition
only reduce the importance of the leader
Term
transformational leadership
Definition
many training programs focus on ___________ leadership content
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