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CH 1.1-1.5 ART APPRECIATION
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87
Art History
Undergraduate 2
09/02/2012

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Term
ELEMENTS
Definition
THE BASIC VOCABULARY OF ART - LINE, SHAPE,FORM, VOLUME, MASS, COLOR, TEXTURE, SPACE, TIME AND MOTION, AND VALUE
Term
PRINCIPLES
Definition
THE GRAMMAR APPLIED TO ELEMENTS OF ART - CONTRAST, BALANCE, UNITY, VARIETY, RHYTHM, EMPHASIS, PATTERN, SCALE, PROPORTION, AND FOCAL POINT
Term
TWO-DIMENSIONAL
Definition
HAVING HEIGHT AND WIDTH
Term
LINE
Definition
A MARK, OR IMPLIED MARK BETWEEN TWO ENDPOINTS
Term
-SHAPE
Definition
THE TWO DIMENSIONAL AREA THE BOUNDARIES OF WHICH ARE DEFINED BY LINES OR SUGGESTED BY CHANGES IN COLOR OR VALUE
Term
CONTRAST
Definition
A DRASTIC DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SUCH ELEMENTS AS COLOR OR VALUE
Term
OUTLINE
Definition
THE OUTERMOST LINE OF AN OBJECT OR FIGURE, BY WHICH IT IS DEFINED OR BOUNDED
Term
PLANE
Definition
A FLAT SURFACE
Term
FACADE
Definition
ANY SIDE OF A BUILDING, USUALLY THE FRONT OR ENTRANCE
Term
CONCEPTUAL ART
Definition
A WORK IN WHICH THE IDEAS ARE OFTEN AS IMPORTANT AS HOW IT IS MADE
Term
AUTOMATIC
Definition
SUPPRESSING CONSCIOUS CONTROL TO ACCESS SUBCONSCIOUS SOURCES OF CREATIVITY AND TRUTH
Term
STYLE
Definition
A CHARACTERISTIC WAY IN WHICH AN ARTIST OR GROUP OF ARTISTS USES VISUAL LANGUAGE TO GIVE A WORK AN IDENTIFIABLE FORM OF VISUAL EXPRESSION
Term
ACTUAL LINE
Definition
A CONTINUOUS, UNINTERRUPTED LINE
Term
IMPLIED LINE
Definition
A LINE NOT ACTUALLY DRAWN BUT SUGGESTED BY ELEMENTS IN THE ARTWORK
Term
RHYTHM
Definition
THE REGULAR OR ORDERED REPETITION OF ELEMENTS IN THE WORK
Term
ETCHING
Definition
A PRINTMAKING PROCESS THAT RELIES ON ACID TO BITE THE ENGRAVED DESIGN ONTO A PRINTING SURFACE
Term
BACKGROUND
Definition
THE PART OF A WORK DEPICTED FURTHEST FROM THE VIEWER'S SPACE, OFTEN BEHIND THE MAIN SUBJECT MATTER
Term
VOLUME
Definition
THE SPACE FILLED OR ENCLOSED BY A THREE-DIMENSIONAL FIGURE OR OBJECT
Term
SPACE
Definition
THE DISTANCE BETWEEN IDENTIFIABLE POINTS OR PLANES
Term
COLOR
Definition
THE OPTICAL EFFECT CAUSED WHEN REFLECTED WHITE LIGHT OF THE SPECTRUM IS DIVIDED INTO A SEPARATE WAVELENGTH
Term
-LINES
Definition
THE MOST FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENT ARTISTS USE
Term
COLLAGE
Definition
A WORK OF ART ASSEMBLED BY GLUING MATERIALS, OFTEN PAPER, ONTO A SURFACE
Term
PATTERN
Definition
AN ARRANGEMENT OF PREDICTABLY REPEATED ELEMENTS
Term
HIGHLIGHT
Definition
AN AREA OF LIGHTEST VALUE IN WORK
Term
NEGATIVE SPACE
Definition
A SHAPE DEFINED BY ITS SURROUNDING EMPTY SPACE
Term
POSITIVE SHAPE
Definition
AN EMPTY SPACE GIVEN SHAPE BY ITS SURROUNDINGS
Term
HIGHLIGHT
Definition
AN AREA OF LIGHTEST VALUE IN WORK
Term
NEGATIVE SPACE
Definition
A SHAPE DEFINED BY ITS SURROUNDING EMPTY SPACE
Term
POSITIVE SHAPE
Definition
AN EMPTY SPACE GIVEN SHAPE BY ITS SURROUNDINGS
Term
ABSTRACT
Definition
ART IMAGERY THAT DEPARTS FROM RECOGNIZABLE IMAGES FROM THE NATURAL WORLD
Term
-LINE, SHAPE, AND CONTRAST
Definition
WHAT ARTISTS USE TO COMMUNICATE IN TWO DIMENSIONS
Term
-THE BASICS OF TWO DIMENSIONS
Definition
GIVES GREAT VISUAL COMMUNICATION POWER
Term
WOODCUT
Definition
A PRINT CREATED FROM AN INCISED PIECE OF WOOD
Term
FIGURE-GROUND REVERSAL
Definition
THE REVERSAL OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ONE SHAPE (THE FIGURE) AND ITS BACKGROUND (THE GROUND), SO THAT THE FIGURE BECOMES BACKGROUND AND THE BACKGROUND BECOMES FIGURE
Term
CONCENTRIC
Definition
IDENTICAL SHAPES STACKED INSIDE EACH OTHER SHARING THE SAME CENTER, FOR EXAMPLE THE CIRCLES OF A TARGET
Term
THREE DIMENSIONAL
Definition
Having height, width, and depth
Term
ABSTRACT
Definition
art imagery that departs from having recognizable images
Term
TWO DIMENSIONAL
Definition
having height and width
Term
FORM
Definition
an object that can be defined in three dimensions
Term
SCALE
Definition
the size of an object or artwork relative to another object or artwork, or to a system of measurement
Term
VOLUME
Definition
the space filled or closed by a 3d object
Term
MASS
Definition
a volume that has or gives the illusion of having weight, density, or bulk
Term
SPACE
Definition
the distance between unidentifiable points or planes
Term
TEXTURE
Definition
the surface quality of a work
Term
RELIEF
Definition
a raised form on a largely flat background
Term
IN THE ROUND
Definition
a free standing sculpture that can be viewed from all sides
Term
FOREGROUND
Definition
the part of a work as depicted nearest to a viewer
Term
HIGH RELIEF
Definition
sculpture carved with high depth
Term
BAS-RELIEF
Definition
sculpture carved with low depth
Term
STELA
Definition
upright stone slab decorated with pictures/inscriptions/carvings
Term
COMPOSITION
Definition
the overall design or organization of a work
Term
FOCAL POINT
Definition
the center of interest or activity
Term
AXIS
Definition
an imaginary line showing the center or shape
Term
NEGATIVE SPACE
Definition
an empty space given shape by its surround
Term
VALUE
Definition
LIGHTNESS OR DARKNESS OF A PLANE OR AREA
Term
PERSPECTIVE
Definition
THE CREATIONS OF THE ILLUSIONS OF DEPTH IN A 2D IMAGE USING MATHEMATICAL PRINCIPLES
Term
RENAISSANCE
Definition
A PERIOD OF CULTURAL AND ARTISTIC CHANGE IN EUROPE IN 14TH TO 17TH CENTURY
Term
HIGHLIGHT
Definition
POINT OF LIGHTEST VALUE
Term
PICTURE PLANE
Definition
THE SURFACE OF A PAINTING OR DRAWING
Term
RHYTHM
Definition
THE REGULAR OR ORDERED REPETITION OF ELEMENTS IN A WORK
Term
INTENSITY
Definition
THE RELATIVE CLARITY OF COLOR IN ITS PUREST RAW FORM
Term
ISOMETRIC PERSPECTIVE
Definition
A SYSTEM USING DIAGONAL PARALLEL LINES TO COMMUNICATE DEPTH
Term
LINEAR PERSPECTIVE
Definition
A SYSTEM USING CONVERGING IMAGINARY SIGHT LINES TO CREATE THE ILLUSION OF DEPTH
Term
VANISHING POINT
Definition
THE POINT IN A WORK OF ART IN WHICH IMAGINARY SIGHT LINES APPEAR TO CONVERGE, SUGGESTING DEPTH
Term
ORTHOGONALS
Definition
IMAGINARY SIGHTLINES EXTENDING FROM THE FORMS TOWARDS THE VANISHING POINT
Term
ONE POINT PERSPECTIVE
Definition
A PERSPECTIVE SYSTEM WITH A SINGLE VANISHING POINT ON THE HORIZON
Term
FRESCO
Definition
A TECHNIQUE WHERE A PAINTER PAINTS ON FRESHLY APPLIED PLASTER
Term
THREE POINT PERSPECTIVE
Definition
A PERSPECTIVE SYSTEM WITH TWO VANISHING POINTS ON THE HORIZON AND ONE NOT ON THE HORIZON
Term
WOODCUT
Definition
A PRINT CREATED FROM AN INCISED PIECE OF WOOD
Term
FORESHORTENING
Definition
A PERSPECTIVE TECHNIQUE THAT DEPICTS A FORM AT A VERY OBLIQUE ANGLE TO A VIEWER IN ORDER TO SHOW DEPTH IN THE SPACE
Term
COLOR
Definition
THE OPTICAL EFFECT CAUSED WHEN REFLECTED WHITE LIGHT OF THE SPECTRUM IS DIVIDED INTO A SEPARATE WAVELENGTH
Term
PRIMARY COLOR
Definition
THREE BASIC COLORS FROM WHICH ALL COLORS ARE DERIVED
Term
SECONDARY COLOR
Definition
COLORS MIXED FROM TWO PRIMARY COLORS
Term
PALETTE
Definition
RANGE OF COLORS USED BY AN ARTIST
Term
PIGMENT
Definition
THE COLORED MATERIAL USED IN PAINTS
Term
HUE
Definition
GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF A COLOR
Term
SHADE
Definition
A COLOR DARKER IN VALUE THAN IN ITS PUREST STATE
Term
TINT
Definition
A COLOR LIGHTER IN VALUE THAN IN ITS PUREST STATE
Term
NEUTRALS
Definition
COLORS MADE BY MIXING COMPLEMENTARY HUES
Term
SATURATION
Definition
THE DEGREE OF PURITY OF A COLOR
Term
FAUVES
Definition
FRENCH ARTISTS THAT USED VIVID COLORS
Term
IMPRESSIONISM
Definition
A STYLE OF PAINTING SHOWING THE IMPRESSION OF THE EFFECTS OF LIGHT
Term
GROUND
Definition
THE SURFACE OR BACKGROUND ONTO WHICH AN ARTISTS PAINTS OR DRAWS
Term
MOTION
Definition
THE EFFECT OF CHANGING PLACEMENT IN TIME
Term
INSTALLATION
Definition
ARTWORK CREATED BY ARRANGING OR ASSEMBLING OBJECTS IN A SPECIFIC LOCATION
Term
KINETIC ART
Definition
A WORK THAT CONTAINS MOVING PARTS
Term
MIME
Definition
A SILENT PERFORMANCE WORK USING ONLY BODY MOVEMENTS AND FACIAL EXPRESSIONS
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