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American Indian Gov. & Trade
Social Studies
25
Social Studies
5th Grade
11/07/2020

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Term
Band
Definition
a group of people of the same tribe who are closely connected, often by family ties.
Term
clan
Definition
larger groups of distant relatives
Term
Tribe
Definition
a group of people connected by a common language, belief, land, and culture
Term
chiefdom
Definition
a group of tribes under one chief.
Term
confederacy
Definition
large groups of tribes
Term
How did Native Peoples living in North America communicate?
Definition
They used the spoken word to communicate and to preserve their history and traditions
Term
What was the Iroquois' constitution called?
Definition
Great Law of peace
Term
Petroglyph
Definition
a picture cared into rock
Term
How did American Indians decide who would become the next chief in a chiefdom
Definition
Chiefs had to earn their right to lead the people
Term
milpas
Definition
crops grown in small mounds to prevent soil erosion
Term
What did American Indians use to cure common ailments such as fever, pain, burns and wounds.
Definition
They used plants as medicine
Term
What did the American Indian clothing reflect?
Definition
the climate where they lived
Term
Why did the American Indian tribes have a deep respect and connection to nature?
Definition
They believed that if they took care of the Earth, the earth would take care of them.
Term
What name did tribes used to describe the earth?
Definition
Mother Earth
Term
Many major city roads and highways follow the same paths American Indians took.
Definition
For example I-95 between Chicago and Detroit and I-75 from Michigan to Florida, also called the Great Path
Term
The Iroquois Confederacy government was set up to have a balance of...
Definition
POWER
Term
Purpose of Government for the American Indians
Definition
Provide safety and security, justice and order
Term
Government leaders strived to provide
Definition
safety, justice and welfare of the governed
Term
Ceremonies & celebrations were held to honor
Definition
ancestors and celebrate the natural elements around them.
Term
Leaders from many groups come together in a Grand Council in which type of government?
Definition
Confederacy
Term
In trading, what were rivers and waterways used as?
Definition
highway for transportation of good
Term
What stone was so valuable 4,000 years ago that it was traded far from the quarry?
Definition
flint
Term
Tribes had ceremonies for
Definition
marriages, funerals and growing up.
Term
To meet their needs, where did tribes use resources from?
Definition
large regions
Term
What were American Indian tools made from?
Definition
stone, wood, bones
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