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Acc. Biology Respiration
Simon Kenton
40
Biology
10th Grade
01/24/2012

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Cards

Term
What is the main purpose for respiration?
Definition
Makes energy for your body
Term
What is the equation for respiration?
Definition

C6H12O6 + 6O2 →  6CO2 + 6H2O + 36ATP

Term
Cellular Respiration
Definition

Mitochondria break down glucose to produce ATP

Term
Where does aerobic respiration take place?
Definition
Mitochondria
Term
Where does anaerobic respiration take place?
Definition
Cytoplasm
Term
What are the two types of respiration?
Definition

Aerobic Respiration

Anaerobic Respiration

Term

What are the 3 reactions involved in aerobic respiration?

Definition

1. Glycolysis

2. Kreb Cycle (citric acid cycle)

3. Electron Transport Chain

Term

What is another name for the Citric Acid Cycle?

Definition
Kreb Cycle
Term
Glycolysis occurs in the
Definition
cytoplasm
Term
What are the reactants of glycolysis?
Definition

Glucose

2 ATP

2 NAD

Term
What are the products of glycolysis?
Definition

2 Pyruvic Acid

4 ATP

2 NADH

Term

How many molecules of ATP does your body get to store during glycolysis?

Definition
2
Term
What is NAD (NADH)?
Definition
Electron Carrier
Term
If oxygen is present after glycolysis ________ respiration will occur.
Definition
Aerobic
Term

After glycolysis the 2 pyruvic acids move into the mitochondria.  Once this happens the 2 pyruvic acids change into

Definition
2 acetyl-CoA
Term
The Kreb cycle takes place in the
Definition
mitochondria
Term
What are the reactants in the Kreb Cycle?
Definition
2 acetyl-CoA  +  OAA
Term
What are the products of the Kreb Cycle?
Definition

2 citric acids

4 CO2

2 ATP

2 FADH

6 NADH

Term
What is FADH?
Definition
Electron Carrier
Term
The Electron Transport Chain occurs in the
Definition
Mitochondria
Term
In the electron transport chain, FADH and NADH are in the cristae.  They release energy by breaking off their _____
Definition
H (hydrogen)
Term
In the electron transport chain when the NADH and FADH break off their H, the H accumulate in the outer compartment and this creates a difference in ________.
Definition
Concentration
Term

In the electron transport chain the H that broke off the NADH and FADH are pumped through ___ ________ to help the cell reach homeostasis.

Definition
ATP Synthase
Term
When H are pumped through ATP synthase what is amde?
Definition
ATP
Term

How many molecules of ATP are made in the Electron Transport Chain?

Definition
32
Term
In the electron transport chain once the H are pumped into the inner compartment they combine with _____ and form _____
Definition
Combine with O2 and form H2O
Term

What is the final electron acceptor in respiration?

Definition
O2
Term
What are the two fermentation pathways?
Definition

Lactic Acid Fermentation

Alcoholic Fermentation

Term

In what type of organism(s) does lactic acid fermentation occur?

Definition
Animals
Term

In what type of organism(s) does alcoholic fermentation occur in?

Definition
Plants, Fungi, Bacteria
Term
Where does lactic acid fermentation occur?
Definition
Cytoplasm
Term
Where does alcoholic fermentation occur?
Definition
Cytoplasm
Term
Which fermentation process produces CO2?
Definition
Alcoholic Fermentation
Term
What is the reactant in lactic acid fermentation?
Definition

2 pyruvic acid

2 NADH

Term
What is the product of lactic acid fermentation?
Definition

Lactic Acid

NAD

Term
What is the reactant of alcoholic fermentation?
Definition

2 pyruvic acid

2 NADH

Term
What is the product of alcoholic fermentation?
Definition

ethyl alcohol

CO2

2 NAD

Term
How many molecules of NADH go into the electron transport chain?
Definition
10
Term
How many molecules of FADH go into the electron transport chain?
Definition
2
Term

During anaerobic respiration only 2 molecules of ATP are gained for the organism, so what is the purpose of going through the fermentation process?

Definition
It regenerates NAD to keep glycolysis going
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