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World History B Unit 1
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41
History
01/19/2011

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Cards

Term
Who formulated the laws of planetary motion?
Definition
Johannes Kepler
Term
What invention, developed by Johannes Gutenberg in 1454, enabled ideas to spread quickly?
Definition
printing press
Term
Which theory is most closely associated with Nicolaus Copernicus?
Definition
heliocentrism
Term
Identify the author who wrote a book entitled The Prince, which was a guidebook for leaders, and stated that it is better for a leader to be "feared than loved."
Definition
Niccolo Machiavelli
Term
Who made improvements to the telescope?
Definition
Galileo Galilei
Term
Which northern Renaissance artist was considered the greatest German artist, known for his prints as well as paintings?
Definition
Albrecht Durer
Term
Who is regarded as the founder of the study of human anatomy?
Definition
Andreas Vesalius
Term
Which of the following reformers, based in Switzerland, believed in Martin Luther's ideas about faith, and also claimed that salvation was a gift from God only for those who were predestined for it?
Definition
John Calvin
Term
What new religious order, founded by Ignatius Loyola, stemmed out of the Counter-Reformation?
Definition
Society of Jesus, or Jesuits
Term
Due to the Reformation, changes in marriage practices led to more freedom for women, who could now seek divorce for desertion, impotence, and abuse.
Definition
True
Term
What invention, developed by Johannes Gutenberg in 1454, enabled the ideas of the Reformation to spread quickly?
Definition
printing press
Term
Which historical figure made the decision to break England from the Catholic Church in order to grant himself a divorce from his wife Catherine of Aragon?
Definition
Henry VIII
Term
What is NOT true about the effects of the slave trade?
Definition
Africans became educated and translated correspondence between the French and Native Americans
Term
What language is spoken in Brazil and why?
Definition
Portuguese, as they were permitted to control that territory east of the imaginary line established in the Treaty of Tordesillas.
Term
Why did Europeans begin to explore the unknown, resulting in the discovery of the New World?
Definition
all of the above
Term
Which animal, brought from the Old World during the Columbian Exchange, made hunting for buffalo much easier for Native Americans?
Definition
horse
Term
Which nation did not send large groups of settlers to the Americas, or enslave Native Americans, and primarily sought to obtain fish and fur for trade?
Definition
France
Term
Which European explorer attempted to circumnavigate the world, leaving from Spain in 1519, but was killed in the midst of his journey, leaving his crew members to complete his goal?
Definition
Ferdinand Magellan
Term
Identify the nation that conquered the Aztecs and Incas in the mid-1500s under the direction of Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro.
Definition
Spain
Term
What is mercantilism?
Definition
An economic theory that stressed the importance of colonies as sources of raw materials
Term
Due to the Columbian Exchange, millions of Native Americans died from diseases, such as the flu and common cold, brought to the Americas by the Europeans to which the natives had no immunity.
Definition
True
Term
The triangular trade took place across the Pacific Ocean, exchanging goods between India, Mexico, and Japan.
Definition
False
Term
Alchemists like Paracelsus hoped to discover which of the following secrets?
Definition
The secret of eternal life
Term
Identify the author who wrote a book entitled The Prince, which was a guidebook for leaders, and stated that it is better for a leader to be "feared than loved."
Definition
Niccolo Machiavelli
Term
William Tyndale was burned at the stake as a heretic for making a copy of the vernacular Bible in Germany and smuggling copies into England.
Definition
True
Term
Select the incorrect statement about the Renaissance.
Definition
Great thinkers looked to the accomplishments of the Middle Ages as inspiration.
Term
Pope Julius II commissioned Donato Bramante to design which structure in Rome that had been demolished because of deterioration? Saint Peter's Basilica was designed and rebuilt using Bramante's plan, but also later redesigned by Michelangelo and Maderno.
Definition
Saint Peter's Basilica
Term
What movement centered around studies of classics and belief in individual accomplishments?
Definition
humanism
Term
Artwork from the Northern Renaissance focused on what characteristic, which was different than works produced in Italy during the Renaissance?
Definition
reflection of everyday life
Term
Which of the following Renaissance scientists made improvements to the telescope?
Definition
Galileo Galilee
Term
Europeans brought sheep, chicken, sugar, coffee, and citrus fruits to the Americas during the Columbian Exchange. They also brought over influenza and the common cold, which killed many of the Native Americans.
Definition
True
Term
Which German artist from the Northern Renaissance was known for his portraits of self-conscious individualism?
Definition
Albrecht Dürer
Term
The Black Death improved the life of ordinary people in Europe who survived, and it led to the rebirth, or renewal, known as the Renaissance.
Definition
True
Term
The Renaissance was a rebirth of ancient classics and ideas from what region?
Definition
Rome and Greece
Term
Select the English playwright known for writing tragedies such as Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet.
Definition
William Shakespeare
Term
Which artist of the Renaissance was a self-professed sculptor, but was hired to paint the Sistine Chapel, which was a backbreaking task for the artist?
Definition
Michelangelo
Term
Which of the following was NOT one of the effects of the Reformation efforts?
Definition
The Catholic Church started selling indulgences.
Term
Which of the following was an effort by the Catholic Church to counter the Reformation?
Definition
Council of Trent
Term
Many people believed the Catholic Church had become too powerful and wealthy, and too involved in political matters, which sparked reformists to rise up and speak out about the abuses.
Definition
True
Term
Which Italian Renaissance artist was considered the ideal “Renaissance Man” due to his desire for knowledge, particularly in the fields of science, technology, and art?
Definition
Leonardo da Vinci
Term
Which theory is most closely associated with Nicolaus Copernicus?
Definition
heliocentrism