Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Suture Study Guide
Suture
67
Medical
02/24/2011

Additional Medical Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
1. A curved, tapered surgical needle is used most often on:
Definition
bowel tissue
Term
2. The least inert of all the synthetic meshes is:
Definition
Polyester Fiber
Term
3. A mesh that is not preferred in the presence of infection is:
Definition
Mersilene
Term
4. A stapling device used to perform low anterior anastomosis is:
Definition
EEA
Term
5. Which of the following sutures generally would not be used in the presence of infection?
Definition
Silk
Term
6. The measure of weight required to break a suture is its:
Definition
Tensile strength
Term
7. Which type of needle point would be selected for use on tendon?
Definition
cutting
Term
8. The type of needle point used on peritoneum and intestine is:
Definition
taper
Term
9. A type of suture that has a high tensile strength and supports a wound indefinitely is:
Definition
stainless steel
Term
10. A stick tie is a/an:
Definition
swaged needle
Term
11. A characteristic of polyglycolic acid sutures is that they are:
Definition
absorbable
Term
12. Tissue trauma is best minimized using a:
Definition
swaged on suture
Term
13. Which of the following sutures is treated with a salt solution to decrease the rate of absorption?
Definition
chromic
Term
14. The EEA surgical stapler is used for:
Definition
anastomosis of proximal colon to rectum
Term
15. A suture used in tendon repair is:
Definition
polydioxanone (PDS)
Term
16. Which of the following sutures is a polyester fiber suture?
Definition
ethibond
Term
17. The most widely used nonabsorbable suture is:
Definition
nylon
Term
18. Which of the following suture sizes is the smallest in diameter?
Definition
4-0
Term
19. Which of the following sutures is absorbable and offers extended wound support?
Definition
polydioxanone (PDS)
Term
20. Bolsters are used with retention sutures to:
Definition
prevent suture from cutting skin
Term
21. What type of suture is Surgilon?
Definition
nylon
Term
22. Another name form polyglactin 910 is:
Definition
vicryl
Term
23. Which tissue type would contradict the use of a cutting needle?
Definition
nerve
Term
24. Ligatures are used to:
Definition
occlude lumens of blood vessels
Term
25. Which of the following is the least reactive of all synthetic suture materials?
Definition
polypropylene
Term
26. Which type of needle point would be selected for use on skin?
Definition
cutting
Term
27. What type of needle would be used on the liver?
Definition
blunt
Term
28. A characteristic of plain gut is that is absorbs in ___ days.
Definition
70
Term
29. An excellent substitute that provides strength and nonreactivity in tissues where stainless steel cannot be used:
Definition
polypropylene
Term
30. What type of needle is used on tissue of the gastrointestinal tract?
Definition
taper
Term
31. What is the suture of choice to repair the rotator cuff of the shoulder?
Definition
#2 NON ABSORBABLE
Term
32. Which type of suture technique is used to invert the stump of the appendix during an appendectomy?
Definition
purse string
Term
33. Which type of suture is used on the seromuscular layer when an end-to-end anastomosis of the small intestine is performed?
Definition
*silk
Term
34. What type of needle is used when suturing the skin?
Definition
nylon, prolene,(tough)vicryl, prolene, nylon, monocryl (subcuticular buried)
Term
35. What type of needle is used when suturing the intestine?
Definition
taper
Term
36. Which suture material is the best choice when a wound infection is present?
Definition
POLYPROPYLENE
Term
37. Gauge refers to the ______ of the suture.
Definition
diameter
Term
39. Which of the following is absorbable?
Definition
dexon
Term
40. Which of the following is nonabsorbable?
Definition
(monofilament)Polypropylene, nylon, stainless steel, polybuterter
Term
41. The universal color code for vicryl is:
Definition
purple
Term
45. Which stapler would be used on the mesentery?
Definition
LDS
Term
46. Which of the following staples but does not cut?
Definition
linear (TA) stapler
Term
49. An attempt by the human body to rid itself of sutures.
Definition
knot extrusion, spliting
Term
50. Refers to any tissue that is easily torn.
Definition
friable
Term
51. Mersilene mesh:
Definition
*not prefered in the presence of infection
Term
52. The disposable circular stapler designed to hold two tubular structures together after resection is known as
Definition
EEA intraluminal stapler
Term
53. Sutures placed in a wound to prevent wound evisceration are called
Definition
retention suture
Term
54. Mersilene is a(n)
Definition
a mesh that is not prefered in the presence of infection
Term
55. An item used for padding that has smooth and clingy layers is called:
Definition
webril
Term
56. A continuous suture placed beneath the epidermal layer of the skin in short lateral stitches is called a:
Definition
running stitch
Term
57. Why are non-absorbable sutures such as silk not recommended for use in the bladder or gallbladder?
Definition
leaking and possible infection
Term
58. Who was known for his gentle tissue handling practices, his silk suturing technique, and the introduction of rubber gloves to the operating environment?
Definition
William Stewart Halstead
Term
59. A suture at the secondary suture line is a:
Definition
retention suture
Term
60. Of the following sutures, which will be absorbed quickest?
Definition
surgical gut
Term
61. Which suture is contraindicated both in the presence of infection and in the urinary or biliary tract?
Definition
silk
Term
62. Which suture gauge would be more appropriate for ophthalmic surgery?
Definition
8-0
Term
63. The needle point most appropriate for suturing liver, pancreas, or spleen is:
Definition
blunt
Term
64. Which of the following statements best describes the placement of the needle holder on the needle?
Definition
one-third the distance from the eye or swage
Term
65. The stitch which provides the most rapid closure, even distribution of tension, and a leakproof suture line is:
Definition
continuous (running stitch)
Term
66. The purpose of a secondary suture line is to:
Definition
reinforce the primary suture line
Term
67. With which of the following staplers would the surgeon need assistance in application?
Definition
skin stapler
Term
68. In a GI closure, the mucosa of the intestinal tract is closed with:
Definition
silk
Term
69. Sutures placed in a wound to prevent wound evisceration are called:
Definition
retention suture
Term
70. A device that may obviate the need for an abdominoperineal resection because a lower anastomosis can be performed is a(n):
Definition
EEA
Term
71. Polyglycolic acid sutures are:
Definition
absorbed by the process of hydrolysis
Term
72. Suture material that becomes encapsulated with fibrous tissue during the healing process is:
Definition
nonabsorbable
Term
73. Another name for a stay suture is a(n):
Definition
retention suture