Shared Flashcard Set

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Soccer Terms
Soccer terms, rules and history
35
Other
11/08/2009

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Cards

Term
Coin toss
Definition
Determines which team has won the choice of ends and the kickoff at the start of a game
Term
Kick-off
Definition
a place kick from the center spot, that begins the game and the 2nd half and is also used to begin play after a goal is scored
Term
Out of Bounds
Definition
when the ENTIRE ball crosses the end line or sideline
Term
Drop Ball
Definition
A ball dropped by the referee between two players, one from each team, to restart the game after he has purposely stopped play for a penalty situation
Term
Score
Definition
Each goal counts as one point
Term
Direct Free Kick
Definition
A free kick that may score a goal directly without the ball first being touched by another player
Term
Penalty Kick
Definition
A direc tfree kick taken from a penalty spot
Term
Indirect Free Kick
Definition
A free kick that may score a goal only if touched by another player before it goes in the goal
Term
Throw-In
Definition
occurs when the ball goes over the sidelines. the thrower must face the field;part of each food must be on the ground, on or behind the touchline, the ball must be held with both hands and thrown over the head
Term
Dribbling
Definition
using soft touches of the feet to control and move the ball on the gorund without the aid of their teammates.
Term
handballing
Definition
the international use of the hands by someone other than the goalkeeper
Term
Heading
Definition
using the forehead, between the eyebrows adn the hairline to propel and direct the ball
Term
Juggling
Definition
keepign the ball in the air continuously by using various parts of the body except the hands
Term
Pitch
Definition
the traditional name for the soccer field
Term
Punt
Definition
a kicking technique used by goalkeepers by dropping the ball and kicking it before it touches the ground
Term
Tackling
Definition
trying to dispossess an opponent of the ball by using the feet or a shoulder charge
Term
Trapping
Definition
stopping the ball and controlling it after gaining possession
Term
How long is a soccer game?
Definition
A regulation game has 2 halves. the time for each half depends on the age of the players. Players under 14yrs old each half lasts 35 minutes each.
Term
How many players are needed for a soccer team?
Definition
11 players
Term
What are the positions of each player on a soccer team?
Definition
1 goalkeeper. 4 defenders, 3 midfielders, 3 offensive players
Term
What is a goalkeeper?
Definition
first priority is to prevent the ball from going into the goal. the uniform must be a different color that their teammates and should have padding on the elbows and chest.
Term
What are the positions of the Defenders and what do they do?
Definition
They are responsible for stopping goals. Consist of 2 outside fullbacks, 1 sweeper and 1 stopper (center back)
Term
What are the positions of the Midfielders and what do they do?
Definition
They act as a link between offense and defense. Consist of 3 halfbacks (center midfielders)
Term
What are the positions of the Offensive players and what do they do?
Definition
they score goals for their team. They consist of 3 forwards
Term
What equipment does a soccer player need?
Definition
need to wear their team jersey, shorts, socks, cleats and shin guards. The rest of the equipment is a soccer ball, soccer field and a goal at each end of the field
Term
Why are shin guards important?
Definition
Shin guards are important because soccer players get kicked in the shins often, they will get injured and bruised if not wearing shin guards.
Term
Describe the size and layout of a soccer field
Definition
Soccer fields vary in size depending on the level and type of play. Each soccer field has a goal box around teh front of the goal and a penalty box around the outside of the goal box. There is also a half way line splitting the field in half and a center circle at the middle of the field
Term
What is soccer called in most parts of the world?
Definition
Football
Term
How far back have the Chinese been playing "football"?
Definition
As far back as 3000 years ago
Term
Who used "football" to sharpen warriors for battle?
Definition
The ancient Greeks and Romans
Term
Who founded the first Football Association and now?
Definition
In 1863 England, when 2 football associations (association football and rugby football) split off on their different courses. Therefore the first football association was founded in England 
Term
when was soccer introduced to the US?
Definition
1870
Term
What is the object of a soccer game?
Definition
to get the soccer ball into the opposing teams goal without using their hands (with the exception of the goalie)
Term
What bodyparts can be used by the players to touch the ball and advance the ball or score a goal?
Definition
players can only kick, knee or head the ball.
Term
What is the World Cup and how often is it held?
Definition
the international tournament held every 4 years to determine the World Championship in soccer