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Political Geography Vocabulary
part 1
51
Geography
02/07/2010

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Term
Antarctica
Definition
Term
Antecedent Boundary
Definition
Created before the present day cultural landscape developed.
Term
Apartheid
Definition
Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas.
Term
Balkanization
Definition
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Term
Centrifugal
Definition
Term
Centripetal
Definition
An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Term
Colonialism
Definition
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Term
Confederation
Definition
Term
Compact State
Definition
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
Term
Conference of Berlin (1884)
Definition
Regulated European colonization and trade in Africa. (Scramble for Africa)
Term
Decolonization
Definition
Changing from colonial to independent status.
Term
Devolution
Definition
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government.
Term
Electoral Regions
Definition
Large areas from which multiple members are elected to legislature on a proportional basis. (gerrymandering = manipulation of electoral regions)
Term
Elongated State
Definition
A state with a long, narrow shape.
Term
Enclave / Exclave
Definition
An area surrounded by a country but not ruled by it.(Lesotho)/ part national territory separated from the main body of the country to which it belongs
Term
Ethnic Conflict
Definition
A war between ethnic groups often as a result of ethnic nationalism.
Term
ethnographic/cultural boundary
Definition
Political boundary that separates different cultures.
Term
Federal
Definition
Power is shared between a central government and the governments of provinces.
Term
Forward(-thrust) Capital
Definition
One that is purposely placed in the interior of a country to show government's desire to encourage more uniform development.
Term
Fragmented State
Definition
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
Term
Geometric Boundary
Definition
Straight lines that serve as political boundaries that are unrelated to physical and /or cultural differences
Term
Immigrant States
Definition
Term
Landlocked
Definition
(state) a state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
Term
Manifest Destiny
Definition
a policy of imperialism rationalized as inevitable (as if granted by God); expansion
Term
microstate
Definition
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
Term
Ministate
Definition
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
Term
Nation
Definition
a territory or country as political entity or a grouping of people who share real or imagined common history, culture, language or ethnic origin, often possessing or seeking its own government.
Term
Nationaliconography
Definition
Term
nation-state
Definition
A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Term
natural/physical Boundary
Definition
Major physical features such as deserts, mountain ranges, and/or water bodies that serve as a means of separation
Term
Nunavut
Definition
an Arctic territory in northern Canada created in 1999 and governed solely by the Inuit
Term
Perforated State
Definition
A state that completely surrounds another one.
Term
Prorupted State
Definition
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Term
Raison d’être
Definition
(Reason to be)
Term
Reapportionment
Definition
(Ukraine) The act of reassigning states
Term
Regionalism
Definition
Political division of an area into partially autonomous regions.
Term
relic boundary
Definition
Boundary that ceases to exist, however the imprint of the boundary still remains on the cultural landscape
Term
Religious conflict
Definition
Term
Reunification
Definition
To cause (a group, party, state, or sect) to become unified again after being divided.
Term
Satellite State
Definition
A country that was formally independent but under heavy influence or control from another country.
Term
Self-determination
Definition
Concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Term
Sovereignty
Definition
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Term
State
Definition
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Term
Stateless Ethnic Groups
Definition
Term
Stateless Nation
Definition
Term
subsequent boundary
Definition
(After the culture has already developed) Boundaries that are created as a result of long-term processes
Term
Suffrage
Definition
Term
superimposed boundary
Definition
Result of more powerful country dividing boundaries.
Term
Unitary
Definition
(state) An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
Term
USSR Collapse
Definition
Term
Women's enfranchisement
Definition