Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Phase 3 Review
Phase 3 Review for TDLR
100
Cosmetology
05/24/2011

Additional Cosmetology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
The UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, which are:
Definition
UVA and UVB Rays
Term
The rays of the sun that cause sunburns and tanning and are also known as burning rays, are:
Definition
UVB Rays
Term
The pigment in the skin that is designed to help protect the skin from the sun's UV rays is:
Definition
melanin
Term
To be effective, sunscreen used as protection to filter out UVA and UVB rays should be rated as:
Definition
full or broad spectrum
Term
Distended capillaries caused by constant overdialation and weakening of the capillary walls are known as:
Definition
telangiectasias
Term
If a client has a skin disorder that is not recognized as a simple disorder, the client should be referred to a:
Definition
physician
Term
Marks on the skin that could indicate injury or damage that change the structure of tissues or organs are known as:
Definition
lesions
Term
A large primary lesion containing a watery fluid is a:
Definition
bulla
Term
A spot or discoloration of the skin, neither raised nor sunken, is a:
Definition
Macule
Term
A small circumscribed elevation of the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus is a:
Definition
papule
Term
Lesions of the skin are classified as primary, secondary and:
Definition
tertiary
Term
An abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells that varies in size, color and shape is a:
Definition
tumor
Term
Cracks in the skin that penetrate the dermis layer, such as chapped hands or lips, are:
Definition
fissures
Term
Lesions of the skin that develop in the later stages of a disease are classified as:
Definition
secondary skin lesions
Term
an inflamed pimple containing pus is a
Definition
pustule
Term
dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while it is healing is a:
Definition
crust
Term
a thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue is known as a:
Definition
keloid
Term
an excessive thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, is known as a:
Definition
scale
Term
a hair follicle filled with excessive keratin and sebum forms a:
Definition
comedo
Term
benign, keratin-filled cysts found under the epidermis that resemble small sesame seeds are:
Definition
milia
Term
a skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands caused from retained secretions is:
Definition
acne
Term
acne, or common pimples, is also known as:
Definition
acne vulgaris
Term
inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by red, flakey skin in the scalp and hairline is:
Definition
seborrheic dermatitis
Term
a dry, scaley skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age and exposure to cold is:
Definition
asteatosis
Term
sebaceous cysts or fatty tumors filled with sebum that range in size from a pea to an orange are:
Definition
steatoma
Term
a generic medical term used to describe an abnormal inflammatory condition of the skin is
Definition
dermatitis
Term
a contagious, recurring viral infection characterized by fever blisters or cold sores is:
Definition
herpes simplex
Term
a noncontagious skin disease characterized by red patches covered with silver-white scales found on the scalp is:
Definition
psoriasis
Term
chemicals released by the immune system that flood tissues to dilute a skin irritant are:
Definition
histamines
Term
the absence of melanin pigmentation of the body is known as:
Definition
albinism
Term
the most common type of skin cancer caused by overexposure to the sun is:
Definition
basal cell carcinoma
Term
the american cancer society recommends using a checklist to recognize potential skin cancer or changes in moles, using the letter B to check mole:
Definition
borders
Term
an open lesion of the skin or mucous membrane, accompanied by pus and characterized by loss of skin depth is a(n):
Definition
ulcer
Term
comedones should be removed under aseptic conditions using proper:
Definition
extraction procedures
Term
dark, brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised may be a warning sign of:
Definition
malignant melanoma
Term
the technical term that refers to the overgrowth of hair on the body is:
Definition
hypertrichosis
Term
the two major categoris of hair removal are classified as:
Definition
temporary and permanent
Term
client questionnaires used for hair removal services should contain information about client medications and document:
Definition
allergies and skin disorders
Term
a hair removal service should not be performed on clients taking a medication containing:
Definition
retin-a
Term
facial waxing should not be performed on clients with the condition of:
Definition
rosacea
Term
hair removal by means of an electric current that destroys the growth cells of the hair is:
Definition
electrolysis
Term
intense light used to destroy the growth cells of the hair follicle is a method of hair removal called:
Definition
photoepilation
Term
a method of hair removal using a beam pulsed on the skin that requires specialized training is:
Definition
laser hair removal
Term
the natural arch of the eyebrow or the curved line of the eye socket follow what bone?
Definition
orbital
Term
alkali substances used to temporarily remove superfluous hair at the skin level are:
Definition
depilatories
Term
a commonly used epilator that removes hair from the bottom of the follicle is:
Definition
wax
Term
the thick epilator that does not require the use of fabric strips for removal is:
Definition
cold wax
Term
to prevent contact with any possible bloodborne pathogens during a hair removal treatment, use:
Definition
disposable gloves
Term
to relax eyebrow tissue, saturate pledgets or towel with:
Definition
warm water
Term
to avoid infection, sponge a tweezed area frequently with cotton moistened with:
Definition
antiseptic lotion
Term
when tweezing, the skin should be held taut and hair pulled using a quick motion:
Definition
in the direction of hair growth
Term
prior to application, the temperature of the heated wax should be tested on:
Definition
the wrist
Term
heated wax should be spread in a thin coat using a(n):
Definition
wooden applicator
Term
wax applied to an area should be removed using:
Definition
sterile fabric strips
Term
remaining wax residue can be safely removed from the skin with a gentle:
Definition
wax remover
Term
to avoid contaminating wax, the applicator used on each client should be inserted into the wax:
Definition
once
Term
the direction in which the fabric strips used in hair removal treatments should be removed is:
Definition
opposite hair growth
Term
a temporary hair removal method involving cotton thread manipulated and rolled along the surface of the skin is:
Definition
threading
Term
an effective epilator treatment that uses a thick paste easily removed with water is:
Definition
sugaring
Term
wax that has a high incidence of allergic reactions and may require a patch test is:
Definition
beeswax
Term
a tinted base makeup that is used to color or even out skin tones is a:
Definition
foundation
Term
one of the newest trends in makeup is a powder form of foundation, which is:
Definition
mineral powder
Term
foundation is available in formulas of liquid, stick and:
Definition
cream and mineral powder
Term
liquid and cream forms of foundation are a mixture of water and oil with coloring agents called:
Definition
pigments
Term
water-based foundation is most often used for lighter coverage needs, for skin that is classified as:
Definition
oily to combination
Term
a thick foundation that is oil-based, sold in a jar or tin, and my or may not contain water is:
Definition
cream
Term
makeup should be blended onto the skin using:
Definition
disposable sponges
Term
thick, heavy types of foundations that are used to hide dark circles, splotches, and other imperfections are:
Definition
concealers
Term
color that is added to the cheeks to add a natural looking glow is:
Definition
blush
Term
lipstick when applied properly should be even on both sides of the mouth and:
Definition
symmetrical
Term
cosmetics applied on the eyelids to accentuate or contour them are called:
Definition
shadows
Term
a darker shade of eye color makes the natural color of the eye appear
Definition
lighter
Term
eye shadow that is lighter then the client's skin tone is considered
Definition
highlighting
Term
any color that is significantly deeper or darker than the client's skin tone is considered a:
Definition
contour color
Term
according to the americal medial association, eye pencils should never be used on the:
Definition
inner rim of the eyes
Term
eye pencils and sharpeners should be sanitized:
Definition
after each use
Term
a cosmetic preparation used to darken, define and thicken eyelashes is:
Definition
mascara
Term
when applying mascara to a client, use a mascara wand that is:
Definition
disposable
Term
heavy makeup in a solid mass and applied with a moistened cosmetic sponge is:
Definition
greasepaint
Term
makeup brushes can be cleaned with a brush solvent or:
Definition
gentle shampoo
Term
the metal ring that keeps the bristles and handle of a brush together is the:
Definition
ferrule
Term
vital to effective makeup applications is a strong understanding of:
Definition
color theory
Term
a color that is formed by mixing equal parts of a secondary color and its neighboring primary color is a:
Definition
tetiary colors
Term
three main factors to consider when choosing colors for a client are:
Definition
skin, eye and hair colors
Term
when determining skin color, you must first decide the skin:
Definition
level
Term
he terms cool or warm refer to the skin's:
Definition
tone
Term
no matter how light or dark the skin is, a neutral skin tone contains equal elements of:
Definition
warm and cool
Term
in the consultation area and during the application of makeup, the best light to use is:
Definition
natural light
Term
cleansing cream and lotions should be removed form the container using:
Definition
a spatula
Term
the testing of foundation color should be done on the client's:
Definition
jawline
Term
if a powder foundation is being used, a concealer is applied:
Definition
before foundation
Term
the use of shadows (dark shades and colors) is used to:
Definition
subdue prominent features
Term
the well-proportioned facial shape considered the ideal shape is:
Definition
oval
Term
when learning corrective make up techniques, the face is divided into three:
Definition
horizontal sections
Term
the facial shape that is usually broader in proportion to its length is the:
Definition
round face
Term
a jaw that is wider than the forehead characterizes the:
Definition
pear-shaped face
Term
to avoid the transfer of foundation onto a client's clothing, set the foundation using:
Definition
translucent powder
Term
the ideal eyebrow shape is drawn in:
Definition
three lines
Term
eyelash hairs on a strip that are applied using an adhesive are:
Definition
band lashes
Term
the procedure of applying individual eyelashes directly on the client's own lashes at the base is referred to as:
Definition
eye tabbing