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Nutrition 120 Chapter 18
Nutrition During Adulthood
48
Science
12/08/2009

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Term

In the aging process, physiological functioning of organs decreases but it may be years before this decline in organ function becomes noticeable. This is referred to as:

Definition
reserve capacity
Term

The decrease in lean tissue that occurs with aging can best be prevented by:

Definition
exercise and a weight training program
Term

Maggie switches to a health-promoting diet. This potentially will have the most impact on:

Definition
quality of life in later years
Term

Some researchers believe that damage to cells by electron-seeking compounds may contribute to the aging process. Which of the following nutrients does not protect cells from these compounds?

Definition
Vitamin K
Term

Maude is losing her sense of taste and smell. Which of the following is true about her situation?

Definition
She will need to vary her diet and use more herbs and spices
Term

Elderly people should limit alcohol consumption due to all of the following except:

Definition
increased risk of depression
Term

The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that those who choose to drink alcoholic beverages should do so in moderation, defined as the consumption of up to __ drink per day for women and older adults and up to __ drinks per day for men.

Definition
1; 2
Term

For those over 40 years of age, an exercise program should include all of the following except:

Definition
exercise through the pain
Term

Edna, at age 75, has found she does not tolerate milk products well. She should do which of the following? 

Definition
Decrease the serving size of dairy foods
Term

Mack is constipated. Safe recommendations include all of the following except:

Definition
use mineral oil routinely and liberally
Term

Use of certain diuretics can increase the need for what nutrient?

Definition
Potassium
Term

Excess calorie intake can lead to which of the following?

Definition
Accelerated body breakdown
Term

Of older people, at least _____ percent have nutrition-related health problems.

Definition

65

Term

Bud has trouble with his dentures and problems chewing. Which of the following foods would be best to help meet his nutritional needs?

Definition
Low-fat yogurt
Term

Aging most likely is the result of:

Definition
slow cell death
Term

Which of the following is true about U.S. dietary consumption since the mid 1950s?

Definition
We are consuming less saturated fat
Term

The DETERMINE acronym refers to all of the following except:

Definition
depression
Term

Which of the following is true about diet and Alzheimer's disease?

Definition
 It is wise for others to oversee food planning and mealtimes to ensure nutritional adequacy
Term

Consuming adequate ______ and ______ helps maximize the health of the immune system in elderly individuals.

Definition
protein; zinc
Term

Long-term aspirin use by an elderly person could increase the need for what nutrient?

Definition
Iron
Term

Some researchers believe that damage to cells by electron-seeking compounds may contribute to the aging process. Which of the following nutrients does not protect cells from these compounds?

Definition
Vitamin K
Term

Which of the following is not a good predictor of physical health status in the elderly? 

Definition
Chronological age
Term

Because elderly individuals need similar amounts of nutrients as their younger counterparts but less kcalories, they should focus on diet plans that emphasize:

Definition
nutrient density
Term

The life span of humans is approximately ______ years.

Definition
122
Term

Compared to individuals aged 19 - 50, adults over the age of 70 need _____ times more vitamin D.

Definition
3
Term

The foundation for a diet that optimizes long-term nutritional health emphasizes all of the following except: 

Definition
refined grain breads and cereals
Term

Barbara is 65 years of age and her doctor finds her mental function is declining. Which of the following will not significantly impact this issue? 

Definition
Taking nutrition supplements
Term

Loss of vision and hearing can negatively affect nutritional health. The biggest problem is the inability to:

Definition
shop for food
Term

The dietary manipulation that is related most significantly to longevity in animal studies is: 

Definition
 kcalorie restriction
Term

Which of the following is the best definition of life expectancy?

Definition
The time an average person can expect to live
Term

A basic plan for health promotion and disease prevention includes all of the following except:

Definition
consuming 3 to 5 ounces of alcohol daily
Term

Use of which of the following medications could cause appetite loss in an elderly person?

Definition
Antidepressants
Term

All of the following can cause apathetic eating and weight loss except: 

Definition
participation in a congregate meal program
Term

The physiological changes of aging that will decrease food utilization in the body include all of the following except: 

Definition
constipation
Term

Alzheimer's patients are likely to be helped by all of the following except: 

Definition
limiting sun exposure
Term

Sara is an administrator at a bank. Sara eats plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and lean meats. She is of Northern European descent and is quite small in stature. What could she do to live a more health-promoting lifestyle?

Definition
Consume plenty of low-fat milk and dairy products.
Term

All of the following tend to happen as one ages except:

Definition
high chromium intake impairs glucose tolerance
Term

Which of the following is true about aging? 

Definition
Not every elderly person dies of a disease that commonly accompanies old age.
Term

All of the following are practical suggestions for diet planning for singles except: 

Definition
buying family-sized packages of meat.
Term

In the year 2050, about ______ percent of the population of the United States will be 65 years and older.

Definition
20
Term

Bill wants to eat a health-promoting diet. Which of the following practices derived from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans would he not want to follow? 

Definition
Consume no more than four alcohol-containing drinks daily.
Term

Which of the following is true about application of the RDAs to elderly people? 

Definition
The RDAs are now tailored to 57-70 and 70+ years of age.
Term

Which of the following is not a Dietary Guideline for Americans?

Definition
Eliminate salt and sodium from the diet.
Term

Which of the following is the best definition of life span? 

Definition
The potential oldest age a person can reach
Term

Food habits of older adults may be influenced by all of the following except:

Definition
production of melatonin
Term

Which of the following is true about thirst among the elderly?

Definition
Elderly individuals can easily become dehydrated and this can cause confusion
Term

Where is the chief site of alcohol metabolism?

Definition
Liver
Term

Among the older population, the fastest growing age group is:

 

Definition
85 and older