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Music Terms
Music Terms
106
Fine Art
01/19/2006

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Term
a poco
Definition
a little; gradually
Term
a tempo
Definition
in time; generally implies a return to original rate of speed
Term
accelerando
Definition
(accel.) gradually faster
Term
adagietto
Definition
slow, but not as slow as adagio
Term
adagio
Definition
very slow
Term
agitato
Definition
agitated; rapid
Term
al fine
Definition
to the finish
Term
alla
Definition
in the style of (such as alla marcia-in the style of a march)
Term
allargando
Definition
(allarg.) gradually slower and broader
Term
allegretto
Definition
light and moderately quick, but not as fast as allegro
Term
allegro
Definition
rapid; lively
Term
andante
Definition
(andte) moderately slow, but moving
Term
andantino
Definition
generally a little quicker than andante
Term
animato
Definition
spirited
Term
appassionato
Definition
intensely; passionately; with deep feeling
Term
arioso
Definition
in vocal style (also see "cantabile")
Term
assai
Definition
very (such as allegro assai-very fast)
Term
ben
Definition
well (such as ben marcato-well marked)
Term
brilliante
Definition
brilliantly
Term
calando
Definition
gradually slower and softer
Term
cantabile
Definition
in a singing style
Term
chromatic
Definition
by semi-tones
Term
coda
Definition
the final added measures of a musical composition usually marked with
Term
con
Definition
with
Term
con amore
Definition
with tenderness
Term
con anima
Definition
with animation; spirited
Term
con brio
Definition
with spirit; brilliantly
Term
con forza
Definition
with force
Term
con fuoco
Definition
with fire, energy
Term
con grazia
Definition
with graceful style
Term
con spirito
Definition
with spirit, brilliance
Term
crescendo
Definition
(cres.) ()-gradually louder
Term
da capo
Definition
(D.C.) from the beginning
Term
dal segno
Definition
(D.S.) from the sign
Term
decrescendo
Definition
gradually softer
Term
diminuendo
Definition
gradually softer
Term
dolce
Definition
sweetly
Term
energico
Definition
energetically
Term
etude
Definition
a study
Term
fermata
Definition
a hold or pause
Term
forte
Definition
loud
Term
fortissimo
Definition
(ff) very loud
Term
forzando
Definition
forcefully accented
Term
furioso
Definition
furiously
Term
giocoso
Definition
joyfully
Term
grandioso
Definition
grand or noble style
Term
grave
Definition
very slow and solemn
Term
grazioso
Definition
gracefully
Term
l'istesso
Definition
the same (such as l'istesso tempo- the same speed)
Term
larghetto
Definition
slow, but not as slow as largo
Term
larghissimo
Definition
very slow; more so than largo
Term
largo
Definition
very slow
Term
legato
Definition
smooth and connected
Term
leggiero
Definition
lightly
Term
lento
Definition
very slow
Term
maestoso
Definition
majestically
Term
marcato
Definition
marked; with emphasis
Term
marcia
Definition
march style
Term
marziale
Definition
martial
Term
meno
Definition
less (such as meno mosso-less movement; slower)
Term
moderato
Definition
moderately
Term
molto
Definition
very
Term
morendo
Definition
dying away
Term
mosso
Definition
motion; movement
Term
moto
Definition
motion; movement
Term
non troppo
Definition
not too much
Term
opus
Definition
(op.) a musical work or composition
Term
ottava
Definition
(8va)-an octave (such as ottava alta-octave higher; ottava bassa-octave lower)
Term
pesante
Definition
heavily; with emphasis
Term
pianissimo
Definition
(pp) very softly
Term
piano
Definition
softly
Term
piu
Definition
more (such as piu lento-slower; piu mosso-faster)
Term
poco
Definition
a little (such as poco animato-a little more animated; poco meno -a little less)
Term
poco a poco
Definition
little by little
Term
prestissimo
Definition
very fast; more so than presto
Term
presto
Definition
very fast
Term
primo
Definition
first
Term
rallentando
Definition
(rall.) gradually slower
Term
religioso
Definition
in solemn style
Term
ritardando
Definition
(rit.) gradually slower
Term
ritenuto
Definition
a steady pace, but slower than preceding tempo
Term
rubato
Definition
temporary irregularity of time, lengthening certain notes at the expense of others
Term
scherzando
Definition
in light, playful style
Term
scherzo
Definition
playfully; usually in rapid tempo with rhythmic and dynamic contrasts
Term
segno
Definition
the sign
Term
sempre
Definition
always; continually
Term
senza
Definition
without
Term
sforzando
Definition
(sfz) forced; with emphasis
Term
simile
Definition
the same; continue in same manner
Term
smorzando
Definition
(smorz.) dying away
Term
soli
Definition
more than one performer in unison
Term
solo
Definition
a composition or passage for one performer
Term
sordino
Definition
mute (con sordino- with mute; senza sordino- without mute)
Term
sostenuto
Definition
sustained
Term
staccato
Definition
separated, detached style
Term
stringendo
Definition
(string.) gradually faster
Term
subito
Definition
suddenly
Term
tacet
Definition
silent
Term
tempo
Definition
time; speed
Term
tempo di valse
Definition
waltz time
Term
tenuto
Definition
(ten.) sustain full value; also marked
Term
valse
Definition
waltz
Term
veloce
Definition
very fast
Term
vivace
Definition
vivacious; lively
Term
vivo
Definition
lively, brisk
Term
mezzo
Definition
medium; half (such as mezzo-forte-medium loud; mezzo-piano-medium soft)