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Music 101:Renaissance Terms, Genres and Composers
Study list for BYU'S Independent study class.
30
Music
05/18/2010

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Term
Two most important Genres of Church Music in the Renaissance
Definition
Motet and Mass
Term
Motet
Definition
Genre of Renaissance Church music. Latin text with a sacred Subject.
Term
Mass
Definition
Roman Catholic church service; or the music written for it. Has 5 major sections.
Term
Kyrie
Definition
Section 1 of Mass, a simple prayer
Term
Gloria
Definition
Section 2 of Mass, a long hymn
Term
Credo
Definition
Section 3 of Mass, a recital of the Christian's list of beliefs
Term
Sanctus
Definition
Section 4 of Mass, another shorter hymn
Term
Agnus Dei
Definition
Section 5 of Mass, another simple prayer
Term
Madrigal
Definition
The main secular vocal genre of the Renaissance
Term
Homophony
Definition
a musical texture that involves only one melody, combined with chords or other sounds.
Term
Points of Imitation
Definition
A short passage of imitative Polyphony based on a single theme or on two used together
Term
Chanson
Definition
French for song. A genre of French secular vocal music.
Term
Renaissance
Definition
"Rebirth" a time period in which the world changed in it's thought process leaning towards the more secular side of things rather than the focus on God that was prevalent in Medieval times.
Term
Describe the chief stylistic traits of Renaissance music.
Definition
Defined Rhythm, general dynamics, more instruments
Term
Discuss the general musical characteristics of Dufay's hymn "Ave maris stella."
Definition
Paraphrases and then Stanzas. Gregorian hymn, with embellishments in the stanzas and return to chant in paraphrases
Term
Discuss the central characteristics of the late Renaissance mass as exemplified by Palestrina's Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass.
Definition
A capella, homophony,larger choir
Term
Discuss the main features of Renaissance secular vocal music
Definition
Clear rhythms, brilliant dynamics, light and bouncy, Not religious, not in Latin, usually in English, French or Italian, Chordal
Term
Guillaume Dufay
Definition
(1400-1474) French composer who worked in Italy for 25 years. He then returned to France and became a celebrity for working in the cathedral of Cambrai. Wrote “Ave Maris Stella”
Term
Josquin Deperez
Definition
(1450-1521) The first master of the Renaissance style, born in france worked in Italy. Wrote “Pange lingua Mass” and “Mille regrets”
Term
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Definition
(1525-1594) Choirmaster of several of Rome’s most famous chapels and churches including the Sistine chapel during the counter-reformation. Wrote the “Pope Marcellus Mass”
Term
Thomas Weelkes
Definition
(1575-1623) Wasn’t the best church choirmaster but was a very good composer. One of the best composers of the Madrigal. Wrote “As Vesta Was from Latmos Hill Descending”.
Term
Pavan
Definition
Solemn dance in duple meter, often paired with the Galliard
Term
Galliard
Definition
Fast dance in triple meter, often paired with the slower Pavan
Term
Paraphrase Technique
Definition
A technique that smoothed out the complexity of the original plainchant and made it a melody that was easily listened to.
Term
Equalvoiced polyphony
Definition
Complex texture of different voices (Sop, Alt, Ten, Bass) creates a more or less continuous, harmonious work.
Term
Imitative counterpoint
Definition
A polyphonic musical texture in which the various melodic lines use approximately the same theme
Term
Declamation
Definition
The way words are set to music, in terms of rhythm, and accents etc
Term
Word Painting
Definition
Musical illustration of the meaning of a word or a short verbal phrase
Term
The Sforzas of Milan
Definition
Term
The Estes of Ferrara
Definition