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MUH 204 Final
Studying for Final
78
Music
12/12/2011

Additional Music Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Falstaff
Definition
Verdi
Term
Pierrot Lunaire (Night)
Definition
Schoenberg
Term
Fantasiestuke (Soaring)
Definition
Schumann
Term
Elf King
Definition
Schubert
Term
Rite of Spring
Definition
Stravinsky
Term
Three Nocturnes for Orchestra (Clouds)
Definition
Debussy
Term
Slavonic Dances
Definition
Dvorak
Term
Dream of a Witches' Sabbath (Fantastic Symphony)
Definition
Berlioz
Term
The Valkyrie
Definition
Wagner
Term
What is the awesome mnemonic device I created to remember the composers/events in order of dates?
Definition
Schubert buried shoemakers wang very revolutionarily. Dvorak dubbed Shoney's strawberries war worthy.
Term
Nation of Birth: Wagner
Definition
Germany
Term
Nation of Birth: Schoenberg
Definition
Germany
Term
Nation of Birth: Schumann
Definition
German
Term
Nation of Birth: Schubert
Definition
Austria
Term
Nation of Birth: Stravinsky
Definition
Russia
Term
Nation of Birth: Debussy
Definition
France
Term
Nation of Birth: Dvorak
Definition
Czech Republic
Term
Nation of Birth: Berlioz
Definition
France
Term
Nation of Birth: Verdi
Definition
Italy
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Tutto nel mondo e burla - Falstaff - Verdi
Definition

Story about an aristocrat who has no money and is plump and balding. He tries unsuccessfully to marry a rich widow.

Ends with our piece: the whole world is a joke. man is born a jester. we are all mocked. etc.

 

Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Night - Pierrot Lunaire - Schoenberg
Definition
"obscure gialg black moths killed the suns splendor. Unseeable monsters glide down into the human heart..." from Albert Girauds poem for which it is based.
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Soaring - Fantasiestucke - Schumann
Definition
Schumann conceived of "Aufschwung" as a depiction of the character Florestan (from Beethoven's Fidelio) indulging in his desires, and as the Norton Anthology of Western Music describes "at the height of his passions."
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Elf King - Schubert
Definition
Based on german fairy tale. The elf king is a forest troll that steals souls of travellers esp. children who are lost in the woods. The story is about a father who is riding with his ill son on horseback to seek help for him. The son is "taken" by the elf king and dies in the end.
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Rite of Spring - Stravinsky
Definition
fairly unspecific. An imagination of a pagan rite. Sage elders seated in a circle watch a young girl dance herself to death. Sacrificing her to the gods of spring.
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Clouds - Three Nocturnes for Orchestra - Debussy
Definition
evocative of the night- possibly clouds. Very impressionistic.
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Slavonic Dances - Dvorak
Definition
none. It is just a dance.
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Dream of a Witches' Sabbath - Fantastic Symphony - Berlioz
Definition
(Previous movements about a young musician who is obsessivly in love with a woman who does not return his love) This movement is right after he has killed her and is hanged for his crime. He and his beloved come together at a witches sabbath and take part in an orgy. (Idee fixe of the beloved keeps returining throughout in different ways). Dies Irae illuded to. Col leno on strings.
Term
Story, Narrative, or Image: Valkyrie - Wagner
Definition
Like lord of the rings. This is the second opera of 4 in the ring cycle. The first is about the ring, This one is about the main character being pursued by the gods because his offspring will destroy them. He seeks refuge in the cottage of Seglinde (who turns out to be his twin sister and is also married). They become lovers and have a son. The next opera is about the son out to destroy the ring and the final opera is when he destroys it and the gods that were created with it.
Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Romanticism
Definition
Cultural movement of the nineteenth century that valued subjectivity, feeling, and inspiration and venerated individuals whose work expressed those valies; a romantic sensibility that had a focus on individuality, an obsession with size, and fascination with the exotic.
Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Realism
Definition
anti-heroic and pessimistic about human nature. everyday people caught up in familiar circumatances. Photojournalism - war inform realism.
Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Nationalism
Definition
in music, a nineteenth-century movement that sought to portray a unique national identity by drawing on the legends, myths, history, and literature of the people; creating vocal music in their own language; drawing on folk song and dance.
Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Exoticism
Definition
the fascination by the west in the non western; the foreign other. Caused by colonialism, coming in contact with foreigners and hearing about them.
Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Modernism
Definition

 

Modernism in music is characterized by a desire for or belief in progress and science, surrealism, anti-romanticism, political advocacy, general intellectualism, and/or a breaking with the past or common practice. Sound based composition, extended techniques and sounds, expansion on/abandonment of tonality.

 

Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Impressionism/Expressionism
Definition
Late 19th and early 20th century movement in the arts that favored exploration of elements such as light, color, and sound over literal representation. Prefers vague suggestion of transient experiences rather than fixed romantic narratives.
Term
Meaning and essential expressive orientation: Primitivism
Definition

 

Primitivism is a Western art movement that borrows visual forms from non-Western or prehistoric peoples.

Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring, is "primitivist" in that its programmatic subject is a pagan rite: a human sacrifice in pre-Christian Russia. It uses dissonance and loud, repetitive rhythms to depict "Dionysian" modernism, i.e., abandonment of inhibition (restraint standing for civilization).

 

 

Term
What is program music?
Definition
Instrumental music in which a composer depicts an extramusical inspiration, such as a scene, story, or idea.
Term
Program music: What is a symphonic poem?
Definition

 

 a piece of orchestral music in which the content of a poem, a story or novel, a painting, a landscape or another (non-musical) source is illustrated or evoked.

 

Term
Program music: What is a program symphony?
Definition
symphony whose movements depict a series of scenes relating to the work's overall program or theme.
Term
Program music: What is a characteristic piece?
Definition
piano music based on a single idea or program.
Term
Program music: What is ballet music?
Definition
example - rite of spring. When played on its own it is a symphonic poem.
Term
Program music: What is a nocturne?
Definition
a musical piece that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night
Term
Non program music: What is a nationalistic dance?
Definition
a dance that is of a particular nationality. Very popular in opera during the romantic period.
Term
Non program music: What is lied?
Definition
song for voice and piano in which both melody and accompaniment amplify dominant themes and images in the text.
Term
Non program music: What is an opera ensemble (duo, trio, quartet, etc.) piece?
Definition
a piece for a group of people in the opera, like a quartet. Not an aria or recitative.
Term
Opera styles and narrative types: What is a German mythological opera?
Definition
much of German opera had mythological themes. Wagner draws on this in Ring Cycle.
Term
Opera styles and narrative types: What is opera buffa?
Definition
Comic opera
Term
Opera styles and narrative types: What is rescue or liberation opera?
Definition
deal with the rescue of a main character from danger and end with a happy dramatic resolution in which lofty humanistic ideals triumph over base motives. Popular in France and Germany, 18th century.
Term
Opera styles and narrative types: What is "artwork of the future"?
Definition
A long essay written by Wagner. He talks about how Opera is the artwork of the future.
Term
What is miniaturism? Give an example.
Definition
The closet drama- music at home for the middle class. Elf King.
Term
What is gigantism? Give an example.
Definition
Romantic music is gigantic or grandiose. Symphony Fantastique by Berlioz.
Term
What does through-composed mean?
Definition
Through-composed music is relatively continuous, non-sectional, and/or non-repetitive.
Term
What are bass variations (Passacaglia)?
Definition
Variations on a bass idea. In Nacht by Schoenberg.
Term
What is rounded form?
Definition
ABA
Term
Name the form: ABA'
Definition
rounded
Term
Name the form: A A' A" A"'
Definition
variations, variation-form, theme and variation form
Term
Name the form: A B C D
Definition
through-composed form
Term
What is polymeter?
Definition
The simultaneous occurrence of two or more conflicting rhythms. Example- triplets over duplets.
Term
What is ostinato?
Definition
Ground bass or basso ostinato is a type of variation form in which a bassline or harmonic pattern is repeated as the basis of a piece underneath variations.
Term
What is col legno?
Definition
a violin technique that involves tapping the wooden part of the bow on the strings.
Term
What is idee fixe?
Definition
"Fixed idea"; melodic representation of the object of the artist's obsession. It appears early in the first movement and returns in various forms throughout the work. (In Dream of a Witches' Sabbath).
Term
What is leitmotiv?
Definition
Motive or theme assigned to a character, object, emotion, or event in Wagnerian music drama.
Term
What is dies irae?
Definition
a section of the Requiem Mass that deals with the day of judgement
Term
What is furiant?
Definition
in czech - "a proud, swaggering, conceited man." The furiant is a couples dance in a moderate fast triple meter characterized by a specific rhythm in the melody. (In Slavonic Dance).
Term
What is Sprechstimme?
Definition
"Speech voice"; vocal style between speech and singing required in Schoenbergs music. (in Nacht).
Term
What is a diatonic scale?
Definition
Scales with seven notes per octave. Example - Major and minor scales.
Term
What is a pentatonic scale?
Definition
A scale containing five pitches within each octave.
Term
What is an octatonic scale?
Definition
a scale containing eight pitches.
Term
What is a whole-tone scale?
Definition
Scale that divides the octave into six equal segments a whole tone apart.
Term
What is a chromatic scale?
Definition
The chromatic scale is a musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone apart.
Term
What are some important wars/revolutions that frame the context of our Unit 3 studies?
Definition
Industrial revolution (1820-1914), Italian Wars of Independence (1848-1861), American Civil War (1861-1865), Seven Weeks' War (1866), Franco-German/Prussian War (1870-871), Spanish-American War (1898), Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Russian Revolution of 1905, World War 1 (1914-1918).
Term
What three countries unified themselves as their own new centralized nation-empires?
Definition
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Term
Definition
Nacht - Schoenberg
Term
Definition
Soaring - Schumann
Term
Definition
Rite of Spring - Stravinsky
Term
Definition
Nuages - Debussy
Term
Definition
Slavonic Dance - Dvorak
Term
Definition
Dream of A Witches Sabbath - Berlioz
Term
Definition
The Valkyrie - Wagner