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Milady Chapter 19
Haircoloring
70
Cosmetology
12/07/2010

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Term
A key factor in determining appropriate haircoloring services is understanding the client's:__________
Definition
Motivation.
Term
Once a stylist demonstrates the ability to skillfully color a client's hair, the client will generally:_______
Definition
Remain Loyal.
Term
In choosing hair color for a client, a determining factor is the hair:______
Definition
Structure.
Term
The layer of hair that provides strength and elasticity is the:______
Definition
Cortex Layer.
Term
The outermost layer of the hair that protects and provides strength is the:____
Definition
Cuticle Layer.
Term
In individual hair strands, hair texture is determined by the:_____
Definition
Diameter.
Term
Hair color applied to fine hair may look:_____
Definition
Darker.

Term
Haircoloring services on coarse-textured hair may take:_____
Definition
Longer to Process.
Term
Hair with a tight cuticle resistant to moisture or chemicals is defined as having:_______
Definition
Low Porosity.
Term
The predominant melanin that gives black or brown color to hair is:______
Definition
Eumelanin.
Term
Pigment that lies under the natural hair color is the:____
Definition
Contributing Pigment.
Term
The lightness or darkness of a color is called the:_______
Definition
Level.
Term
The system used by colorists to analyze the lightness or darkness of a hair color is the:______
Definition
Level System.
Term
Hair color levels are arranged on a scale from:_______
Definition
1 to 10.
Term
Hair color tones can be described as:_____
Definition
Warm, Neutral, and Cool.
Term
Colors that absorb light and appear darker than their actual level are:_____
Definition
Cool Colors.
Term
Warm tones reflect light and may appear:
Definition
Lighter.
Term
Colors that are described as sandy or tan are considered:
Definition
Natural Tones.
Term
The first step in performing a haircoloring service is to identify:
Definition
Natural Levels.
Term
Colors that we see are contained in the:
Definition
Intensity Tones.
Term
Artificial hair colors are developed from the primary and secondary colors that form:
Definition
Base Colors.
Term
A color that will help minimize orange tones in the hair is a:
Definition
Blue Base Color.
Term
A System that is used to understand color relationships is the:
Definition
Law of Color.
Term
Colors that are pure or fundamental and cannot be achieved from a mixture are:
Definition
Primary Colors.
Term
The primary colors are:
Definition
Yellow, Blue, and Red.
Term
The darkest and only cool primary color is:
Definition
Blue.
Term
Red added to blue-based colors will cause them to appear:
Definition
Lighter.
Term
A color achieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring primary color is a:
Definition
Tertiary Color.
Term
Equal proportions of primary colors will produce:
Definition
Black.
Term
A secondary color is obtained by mixing equal parts of two:
Definition
Primary Colors.
Term
A primary and secondary color positioned opposite each other on the color wheel are:
Definition
Complementary Colors.
Term
Complementary colors are used in color formulation to:
Definition
Neutralize Each Other.
Term
The process of diffusing natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair is:
Definition
Hair Lightening.
Term
All permanent hair color products and lighteners contain an oxidizing agent and a(n):
Definition
Alkalizing Ingredient.
Term
A hair-lightening process occurs when the alkaline peroxide:
Definition
Breaks up the Melanin.
Term
Temporary color pigment molecules do not penetrate because they are:
Definition
Large.
Term
Semipermanent hair color on average should last:
Definition
4 to 6 Weeks.
Term
Haircoloring that penetrates the hair shaft and is formulated to deposit but not lift color is:
Definition
Demi-Permanent Hair Color.
Term
Demipermanent hair color is available in a variety of formulas including:
Definition
Gels, Powders, and Sprays.
Term
Uncolored dye precursors that can be diffused into the hair shaft are used in:
Definition
Permanent Hair Color Formulas.
Term
Dye precursors that combine with hydrogen peroxide to form larger tint molecules are:
Definition
Aniline Derivatives.
Term
Although many semipermanent and demipermanent colors use alkalizing agents other than ammonia, they are not necessarily any less:
Definition
Damaging.
Term
Permanent hair coloring products are mixed with:
Definition
Hydrogen Peroxide.
Term
Permanent hair color products used for gray hair remove natural pigment and:
Definition
Add Artificial Color.
Term
To provide maximum lift in a one-process color service, most high-lift colors require:
Definition
40 Volume Peroxide.
Term
Hair coloring products that change hair color by creating a progressive buildup containing:
Definition
Metallic Colors.
Term
The most common developer used in hair coloring is:
Definition
Hydrogen Peroxide.
Term
Lighteners are chemical compounds that lighten natural hair pigment by dispersing, dissolving, and:
Definition
Decolorizing.
Term
When hydrogen peroxide is mixed with a lightener formula, it releases:
Definition
Oxygen.
Term
During the decolorization process, natural hair can go through as many as:
Definition
Ten Stages.
Term
Toners are used to achieve pale, delicate colors and are applied to create the correct degree of:
Definition
Contributing Pigment.
Term
The test required by the U.S. Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act to determine client allergies or sensitivities is the:
Definition
Predisposition Test.
Term
To determine how hair will react to a selected color formula, perform a/an:
Definition
Preliminary Strand Test.
Term
When selecting semi-permanent color, remember that color applied on top of color creates:
Definition
a Darker Color.
Term
Permanent hair color applications are classified as double-process or:
Definition
Single-Process.
Term
The application process that is used for the first-time color applications is:
Definition
Virgin Application.
Term
Overlapping color can cause breakage and create a sign of roots or:
Definition
Line of Demarcation.
Term
Double-processing lightening is pre-lightening hair to a very blonde stage and applying a:
Definition
Toner.
Term
For a single-process color for virgin hair, the color processes fastest at:
Definition
The Scalp.
Term
Cream lighteners are formulated to be used:
Definition
On The Scalp.
Term
The three forms of hair lighteners are:
Definition
Oil, Powder, and Cream.
Term
An Oxidizer added to hydrogen peroxide to increase its lifting power action is a/an:
Definition
Activator.
Term
A technique for coloring strands of hair darker than the natural color is:
Definition
Low Lighting.
Term
A foil technique where a straight and narrow section of hair at the scalp is positioned for color or lightener application is:
Definition
Slicing.
Term
In the foil technique when selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a zigzag motion of the comb and lightener is applied in:
Definition
Weaving.
Term
When coloring for a client with 80 to 100 percent gray, the color levels that provide the best coverage are:
Definition
Level 7 and Darker.
Term
To cover unpigmented hair in a salt-and-pepper client, the color formulation should be:
Definition
Two Levels Lighter Than the Natural Level.
Term
Pretreating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration is:
Definition
Presoftening.
Term
Preparations designed to equal porosity and deposit a base color in one application are:
Definition
Fillers.
Term
To increase the longevity of a professional color service and preserve the health of clients' hair, the stylist should encourage them to use only:
Definition
Professional Products.