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Medical Vocab Ch #22 Psychiatry
Medical Coding & Billing Word Structures & Vocab.
128
Medical
08/27/2010

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Term
anxi/o
Definition
uneasy, anxious, distressed
Term
aut/o
Definition
self
Term
cycl/o
Definition
circle
Term
hallucin/o
Definition
hallucination, to wander in the mind
Term
hypn/o
Definition
sleep
Term
iatr/o
Definition
treatment
Term
klept/o
Definition
to steal
Term
ment/o
Definition
mind
Term
neur/o
Definition
nerve
Term
phil/o
Definition
attraction to, love
Term
phren/o
Definition
mind
Term
psych/o
Definition
mind
Term
pyr/o
Definition
fire, heat
Term
schiz/o
Definition
split
Term
somat/o
Definition
body
Term
agora-
Definition
marketplace
Term
para-
Definition
abnormal
Term
-genic
Definition
produced by
Term
-leptic
Definition
to seize hold of
Term
-mania
Definition
obsessive preoccupation
Term
-phobia
Definition
fear (irrational and often disabling)
Term
-phoria
Definition
feeling, bearing
Term
-thymia
Definition
mind
Term
Affect
Definition
External expression of emotion; emotional response.
Term
Agoraphobia
Definition
Fear of leaving home or leaving a safe place.; fear of being alone in open or public places
Term
Amnesia
Definition
Loss of memory.
Term
Amphetamines
Definition
Central nervous system stimulants.
Term
Anorexia nervosa
Definition
Eating disorder of excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight.
Term
Antisocial personality
Definition
Characterized by lack of loyalty or concern for others and lack of moral standards.
Term
Anxiety disorders
Definition
Characterized by unpleasant tensions, distress, and avoidance behavior; examples are phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic distress disorder.
Term
Anxiolytic
Definition
Drug that relieves anxiety and produces a relaxing effect.
Term
Apathy
Definition
Absence of emotions; lack of interest or emotional involvement.
Term
Asperger syndrome
Definition
A pervasive developmental disorder characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; often considered a less severe type of autism.
Term
Autism
Definition
Severe lack of responsiveness to others, preoccupation with inner thoughts, withdrawal and retarded language development.
Term
Autistic thought
Definition
Preoccupation with self-centered, illogical ideas and fantasies that exclude the external world.
Term
Benzodiazepines
Definition
Drugs used to treat anxiety and panic attacks.
Term
Bipolar disorder
Definition
Mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression.
Term
Borderline personality
Definition
Instability in interpersonal relationships and sense of self; alternating involvement with and rejection of people.
Term
Bulimia nervosa
Definition
Eating disorder marked by binge eating followed by vomiting, purging (defecation), and depression.
Term
Cannabis
Definition
Active substance in marijuana; THC.
Term
catatonia
Definition
A state of diminished responsiveness to stimuli associated with schizophrenia.
Term
Catatonic stupor
Definition
A type of schizophrenia marked by inability to move or react to the environment.
Term
Claustrophobia
Definition
Fear of closed-in places.
Term
Cognitive behavior therapy
Definition
Changing behavior patterns and responses by training and repetition and learning how thinking patterns cause symptoms, such as anger, anxiety and depression.
Term
Compulsion
Definition
Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly.
Term
Conversion disorder
Definition
A physical symptom appears with no organic basis and as a result of anxiety and inner conflict.
Term
Cyclothymia
Definition
Patient experiences alternating states of depression and exhilaration; mild form of bipolar disorder.
Term
Defense mechanism
Definition
Unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety.
Term
Delirium
Definition
Confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior.
Term
Delirium tremens
Definition
Confusion in thinking, anxiety, tremors, and sweating occurring with withdrawal from excessive and habitual use of alcohol.
Term
Delusion
Definition
Fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence.
Term
Dementia
Definition
Loss of higher mental functioning, including memory, judgment, and reasoning.
Term
Depression
Definition
Major mood disorder marked by chronic and excessive sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, and discouragement.
Term
Dissociative disorder
Definition
Chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness; examples are multiple-personality disorder and psychogenic amnesia.
Term
Dysphoria
Definition
Sadness, hopelessness, and depressive mood; feeling “low.”
Term
Dysthymia
Definition
Depressive episodes, but not of the same intensity or duration as major depression.
Term
Ego
Definition
Central, coordinating branch of the personality.
Term
Electroconvulsive therapy
Definition
Electric current produces a convulsive seizure to treat mood disorders (depression or the depressive phase of bipolar disorder); used in patients who are resistant to drug therapy or when rapid response is needed.
Term
Euphoria
Definition
Exaggerated feeling of well-being; elevated mood, “high.”
Term
Exhibitionism
Definition
Compulsive need to expose one’s body, particularly the genitals, to an unsuspecting stranger.
Term
Family therapy
Definition
Treatment of an entire family to resolve and understand their conflicts and problems.
Term
Fetishism
Definition
Use of non-living objects, such as articles of clothing, as substitutes for a human sexual love object.
Term
Free association
Definition
Psychoanalytic technique in which a patient is encouraged to reveal thoughts one after another without censorship.
Term
Fugue
Definition
Flight from customary surroundings; dissociate disorder.
Term
Gender-identity disorder
Definition
Strong and persistent cross-gender identification with the opposite sex.
Term
Group therapy
Definition
Patients with similar problems gain insight into their personalities through discussion and interaction together.
Term
Hallucination
Definition
False or unreal sensory perception; hearing voices and seeing things.
Term
hallucinogen
Definition
A substance that causes hallucinations (false sensory perceptions).
Term
Histrionic personality
Definition
Highly emotional, immature, and dependent personality type with irrational outbursts, tantrums and flamboyant, theatrical behavior.
Term
Hypnosis
Definition
Induction of a trance-like state to consciousness in a patient to increase the pace of psychotherapy.
Term
Hypochondriasis
Definition
Exaggerated concern about one’s health.
Term
hypochondriasis
Definition
Condition marked by exaggerated concern for one’s physical health and exaggeration of minor complaints and normal sensations.
Term
Hypomania
Definition
Elevated excitement that is of lesser intensity than mania.
Term
Id
Definition
Major unconscious part of the personality; instinctual drives and desires.
Term
Insight-oriented therapy
Definition
Face to face discussion of life problems and feelings to increase understanding of thoughts and behavior patterns; psychodynamic therapy.
Term
Kleptomania
Definition
Strong impulse to steal, often with little actual desire for the stolen item.
Term
Labile
Definition
Unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change.
Term
Lithium
Definition
Drug used to treat the manic episodes in bipolar disorder.
Term
Mania
Definition
State of excessive excitability, hyperactive elation and agitation.
Term
Mental
Definition
Pertaining to the mind.
Term
Mood disorders
Definition
Prolonged emotion dominates a person’s life; bipolar and depressive disorders.
Term
Mutism
Definition
Non-reactive state; stupor.
Term
Narcissistic personality
Definition
Characterized by grandiose sense of self-importance or preoccupation with fantasies of success or power; self-love without empathy for others.
Term
Neuroleptic drug
Definition
Antipsychotic drugs used to treat psychoses such as schizophrenia and severe depression; examples are atypical antipsychotics such as aripiprazole (Abilify) and olanzapine (Zyprexa).
Term
Neurosis
Definition
Repressed conflicts lead to mental symptoms such as anxiety and fears that disturb ability to function; less serious mental disorder than a psychosis.
Term
Obsession
Definition
An involuntary, persistent idea or emotion.
Term
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Definition
Anxiety disorder involving recurrent thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive actions (compulsions) that dominate a patient’s life.
Term
Opioid
Definition
Drug derived from opium. Examples are cocaine, morphine, and heroin.
Term
Paranoia
Definition
Overly suspicious system of thinking with fixed delusions that one is being harassed, persecuted or unfairly treated.
Term
Paranoid personality
Definition
Characterized by recurrent delusions of persecution and jealousy with suspicion and mistrust of other people; quick to take offense.
Term
Paraphilia
Definition
Recurrent, intense sexual urge; fantasy or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities and situations.
Term
Pedophilia
Definition
Need for sexual gratification with a child.
Term
Personality disorder
Definition
Established, lifelong pattern marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.
Term
Phenothiazines
Definition
Drugs used to treat serious mental illnesses or psychoses. They modify psychotic symptoms (delusions and hallucinations) and behavior.
Term
Phobia
Definition
Irrational fear of an object or an situation; claustrophobia (closed spaces), agoraphobia (leaving home or a safe place) and acrophobia (heights) are examples.
Term
Play therapy
Definition
A child, through play, uses toys to express conflicts and feelings that he or she is unable to communicate in a direct manner.
Term
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Definition
Anxiety disorder that follows a traumatic incident; symptoms such as intense fear, helplessness, insomnia, nightmares and less responsiveness to the external world.
Term
Projective test
Definition
Diagnostic personality test using unstructured stimuli (inkblots, pictures, incomplete sentences) to evoke responses that reflect aspects of an individual’s personality.
Term
Psychiatrist
Definition
Physician who treats the mind and mental disorders.
Term
Psychiatry
Definition
Treatment of the mind and mental disorders.
Term
Psychoanalysis
Definition
Form of psychotherapy in which the patient explores his or her unconscious emotions and past to understand and change current behavior and feelings.
Term
Psychodrama
Definition
A group therapy in which a patient expresses feelings by acting out roles with other patients.
Term
Psychogenic
Definition
Pertaining to produced within the mind, having emotional and psychologic origin, rather than a physical cause.
Term
Psychologist
Definition
Individual (Ph.D or Ed.D) specializing in mental processes and how the brain functions in health and disease; treats patients with psychotherapy, but cannot prescribe drugs.
Term
psychopharmacology
Definition
Study of the effect of drugs on the mind.
Term
Psychosis
Definition
Loss of contact with reality; often with delusions and hallucinations.
Term
Psychosomatic
Definition
Pertaining to the inter-relationship of the mind (psych/o) and body (somat/o).
Term
Psychotherapy
Definition
Treatment of the mind.
Term
Pyromania
Definition
Strong impulse (obsessive urge) to set objects on fire.
Term
Reality testing
Definition
Ability to perceive fact from fantasy.
Term
Repression
Definition
Defense mechanism by which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and impulses are automatically pushed into the unconscious.
Term
schizoid
Definition
Traits of shyness, social withdrawal, and introversion that characterize the schizoid personality. Also, can refer to schizophrenia-like traits that indicate a predisposition to schizophrenia.
Term
Schizoid personality
Definition
Emotionally cold and aloof, as if split off from other people; indifferent to praise or criticism or to the feelings of others.
Term
Schizophrenia
Definition
Psychosis marked by withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict.
Term
Sedatives
Definition
Drugs that lessen anxiety.
Term
Sexual disorders
Definition
Conditions involving sexual use of nonhuman objects and acts involving suffering, humiliation, and non-consenting partners. Disorders also include sexual dysfunctions such as inhibition of sexual desire or changes in sexual responses.
Term
Sexual masochism
Definition
Sexual gratification gained by being mutilated, beaten, or bound or otherwise made to suffer by another person.
Term
Sexual sadism
Definition
Sexual gratification gained by inflicting physical or psychologic pain or harm on others.
Term
Somatoform disorders
Definition
Conditions in which the patient has physical or bodily symptoms that cannot be explained by any actual physical illness.
Term
Substance-related disorders
Definition
Regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, opioids, sedatives), which can affect the central nervous system.
Term
Superego
Definition
Internalized conscious and judgmental and moral part of the mind.
Term
Supportive psychotherapy
Definition
Treatment that involves offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events.
Term
Tolerance
Definition
Development of insensitivity to a drug; increasing doses of a drug are needed to produce a desired effect.
Term
Transference
Definition
Process by which a patient relates to a therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure.
Term
Transvestic fetishism
Definition
Cross-dressing by a male in women’s attire.
Term
Tricyclic antidepressants
Definition
Group of drugs used to treat severe depression.
Term
Voyerism
Definition
Abnormal desire to look at sexual organs or watch sexual acts.
Term
Xenophobia
Definition
Fear of strangers.