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Medical Terminology - Vocab
medical terms and definitions
23
Medical
03/23/2011

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Term
Axilla
Definition
armpit
Term
Febrile
Definition
feverish, pertaining to fever
Term
Afebrile
Definition
without fever
Term
Arrythmia
Definition
irregular heart beat
Term
Bradycardia
Definition
slow heart action; generally a rate below 60 per minute for an adult.
Term
Tachycardia
Definition
abnormal rapidity of heart action; generally over 100 beats per minute for adults at rest.
Term
Thready
Definition
a pulse beat that feels weak and feeble that it can hardly be felt
Term
Bounding
Definition
a rapid, pounding pulse
Term
Rhythm
Definition
the spacing of the heart beats
Term
Apical
Definition
over the apex (tip) of the heart (slightly below the level of the nipples)
Term
Apnea
Definition
abscence of respiration
Term
Cheyne-Stokes
Definition
periods of apnea followed by periods of dyspnea
Term
Dyspnea
Definition
difficulty breathing - usually rapid, labored, and noisy
Term
Hyperpnea
Definition
an increased respiratory rate or breathing which is deeper than usual while resting (usually occurs after exercise)
Term
Hyperventilation
Definition
to increase ventilation by breathing excessively fast
Term
Orthopnea
Definition
respiratory condition in which breathing is possible only when a person sits or stands in an erect position
Term
Stertorous
Definition
snoring
Term
Systolic Pressure
Definition
highest point reached by the contraction of the heart (100-140 bpm average for adults)
Term
Diastolic Pressure
Definition
lowest point to which contractions of the heart drops between beats (60-90 bpm average for adults)
Term
Pulse Pressure
Definition
difference between systolic and diastolic
Term
Hypertension
Definition

elevated blood pressure

(S > 140 / D > 90 in adults)

Term
Hypotension
Definition

low blood pressure

(S < 70 / D < 20 in adults)

Term
Abduction
Definition
to draw away from center or median line