Shared Flashcard Set

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m8
revised
45
Aviation
10/12/2011

Additional Aviation Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Many experienced pilots have fallen prey to dangerous tendencies or behavior problems at some time. Some of these dangerous tendencies or behavior patterns which must be identified and eliminated include
Definition
peer pressure, scud running, loss of situational awareness, and operating with inadequate fuel reserves.
Term
What are the four fundamental risk elements in the aeronautical decision making (ADM) process that comprise any given aviation situation?
Definition
Pilot, aircraft, environment, and mission.
Term
When a pilot recognizes a hazardous thought, he or she then should correct it by stating the corresponding antidote. Which of the following is the antidote for MACHO?
Definition
Taking chances is foolish
Term
When a pilot recognizes a hazardous thought, he or she then should correct it by stating the corresponding antidote. Which of the following is the antidote for ANTIAUTHORITY?
Definition
Follow the rules. They are usually right.
Term
The basic drive for a pilot to demonstrate the "right stuff" can have an adverse effect on safety, by
Definition
generating tendencies that lead to practices that are dangerous, often illegal, and may lead to a mishap.
Term
The aeronautical decision making (ADM) process identifies several steps involved in good decision making. One of these steps is
Definition
identifying personal attitudes hazardous to safe flight.
Term
In order to gain a realistic perspective on one's attitude toward flying, a pilot should
Definition
take a Self-Assessment Hazardous Attitude Inventory Test.
Term
The DECIDE process consists of six elements to help provide a pilot a logical way of approaching aeronautical decision making. These elements are to
Definition
detect, estimate, choose, identify, do, and evaluate.
Term
Hazardous attitudes occur to every pilot to some degree at some time. What are some of these hazardous attitudes?
Definition
Antiauthority, impulsivity, macho, resignation, and invulnerability.
Term
Hazardous attitudes which contribute to poor pilot judgment can be effectively counteracted by
Definition
an appropriate antidote.
Term
Large accumulations of carbon monoxide in the human body result in
Definition
loss of muscular power.
Term
Rapid or extra deep breathing while using oxygen can cause a condition known as
Definition
hyperventilation
Term
Which is true regarding the presence of alcohol within the human body?
Definition
Judgment and decision-making abilities can be adversely affected by even small amounts of alcohol.
Term
Pilots are more subject to spatial disorientation if
Definition
body signals are used to interpret flight attitude.
Term
What is the most effective way to use the eyes during night flight?
Definition
Scan slowly to permit off-center viewing.
Term
Hypoxia is the result of which of these conditions?
Definition
Insufficient oxygen reaching the brain.
Term
The danger of spatial disorientation during flight in poor visual conditions may be reduced by
Definition
having faith in the instruments rather than taking a chance on the sensory organs.
Term
If an individual has gone scuba diving which has not required a controlled ascent and will be flying to cabin pressure altitudes of 8,000 feet or less, the recommended waiting time is at least
Definition
12 hours.
Term
How can smoking affect a pilot?
Definition
Reduces the oxygen-carrying capability of the blood.
Term
AC-120-51E, Crew Resource Management Training, states that CRM training should address culture issues. Which of the following is an example of an organizational culture issue?
Definition
Southwest Airlines responded to the 9/11/2001 crisis by putting emphasis on taking care of employees and building relationships.
Term
One evolving concept of CRM training is Joint CRM Training, the expansion of CRM training to reach various employee groups beyond the flight crew. Which of the following is TRUE about Joint CRM Training?
Definition
Aircraft dispatchers have a version of CRM called DRM where they emphasize working jointly with flight captains.
Term
One principle of Advanced CRM is
Definition
Integrate CRM performance requirements or procedures into Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
Term
Which of the following is TRUE about Joint CRM training for pilots and flight attendants?
Definition
Joint training has revealed inconsistencies between training for one group and training on the same topic for another group.
Term
One evolving concept of CRM training is Error Management. Which of the following is TRUE about Error Management?
Definition
Detection and recovery from errors should be addressed in training.
Term
In earlier Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), the two crewmembers were distinguished as Pilot-flying (PF), the pilot handling the controls of the aircraft, and Pilot-not-flying (PNF), the pilot performing other tasks. In evolving concepts of CRM, the term, Pilot-not-flying (PNF), has been replaced with the term, Pilot Monitoring (PM). Which of the following evolving principles is being followed?
Definition
Effective monitoring and cross-checking can be the last line of defense that prevents an accident
Term
Which of the following is TRUE about a crew that is concerned with the effective accomplishment of tasks?
Definition
Social conversation may occur during low workload, but not during high workload.
Term
Which of the following behaviors relate to a crew that does NOT anticipate contingencies and is NOT "ahead of the curve"?
Definition
Vigilance and monitoring are suspended to allow a crew to recover from stress.
Term
Which of the following is NOT one of the Crew Performance Marker Clusters identified in AC-120-51E, Crew Resource Management Training?
Definition
Inquiry and Assertion Cluster
Term
What Communications/Decisions behavioral marker was the direct cause of the crash of United Airlines Flight 173 in Portland, Oregon?
Definition
"Bottom lines" for safety were not established and communicated.
Term
Which of the following is NOT a behavioral marker for Advocacy?
Definition
Flight deck activities are coordinated to establish an acceptable balance between respect for authority and the appropriate practice of assertiveness.
Term
Which of the following behaviors relate to a high quality of interpersonal relationships in a crew?
Definition
Crewmembers show sensitivity and ability to adapt to the personalities of others.
Term
Which of the following is a behavioral marker for - The captain's briefing establishes an environment for open/interactive communications?
Definition
The captain's briefing uses "we" language and encourages all to participate and to help with the flight.
Term
Which of the following statements is a behavioral marker for prioritizing tasks?
Definition
"Let's hold this discussion until after we do the checklist."
Term
Which of the following is TRUE about CRM behavioral markers?
Definition
They are observable behaviors that can be assessed
Term
AC-120-51E, Crew Resource Management Training, states that CRM training should concentrate on a set of behavioral markers that fit into a topic cluster. Which of the following is a valid behavior marker for the cluster, Team Building and Maintenance?
Definition
Crewmembers should monitor each other's workload and speak up if they recognize work overloads in self or in others.
Term
Which of the following is TRUE regarding CRM Continuing Reinforcement?
Definition
CRM should be embedded in every stage of training, including technical training.
Term
Which of the following is TRUE about CRM training?
Definition
CRM-trained crews cope more effectively in non-routine situations.
Term
What are the three components of CRM training?
Definition
initial awareness, recurrent practice and feedback, and continual reinforcement.
Term
Which of the following is a TRUE concept of CRM training?
Definition
A high degree of technical proficiency is essential for safe and efficient operations.
Term
Effective CRM indoctrination/awareness training can:
Definition
Influence individual attitudes to regard human factors issues favorably
Term
AC-120-51E, Crew Resource Management Training, states that CRM training should concentrate on a set of behavioral markers that fit into a topic cluster. Which of the following is a valid behavior marker for the cluster, Communications Processes and Decision Behavior?
Definition
A captain's briefings should address the most threatening safety and security situations.
Term
From investigations into the causes of air carrier accidents, which of the following is the major contributing factor?
Definition
human error
Term
Which of the following is NOT TRUE regarding the field of Human Factors?
Definition
It can optimize human performance and eliminate human error.
Term
A veteran captain is scheduled for recurrent CRM training, but a current line copilot is not available. Which of the following is recommended by the FAA?
Definition
The captain should be rescheduled in her normal crew position with a current line copilot
Term
Which of the following is an essential element for a specialized CRM training course for upgrading to captain?
Definition
Human factors training relating to command judgment and command authority