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Living with Art
Chapter 7 Study Guide
36
Art History
09/16/2010

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Cards

Term
The medium in paint is also referred to as the:
Definition
binder
Term
The solvent lets the paint:
Definition
flow
Term
A painting support generally needs a preliminary coating called a:
Definition
ground
Term
Encaustic media means the pigment is suspended in:
Definition
beeswax
Term
Fresco paintings are done on:
Definition
plaster
Term
Two famous fresco artists were Rivera and:
Definition
Raphael
Term
Two famous artists who used tempera were Wyeth and:
Definition
Lawrence
Term
Gouache is watercolor with ________ added.
Definition
white
Term
One advantage of oil paint is that it can:
Definition
be used both thickly and thinly
Term
Alice Neel is particularly noted for her:
Definition
portraits
Term
Synthetic paints have a base of:
Definition
acrylic
Term
Collages are done by _________ various materials.


Definition
pasting
Term
Colored clay tiles are often used in:
Definition
mosaics
Term
The first collage was done by:
Definition
Braque
Term
Frankenthaler’s Nature Abhors a Vacuum shows the staining capability of _______ paint.
Definition
acrylic
Term
Considered one of the leading figures in 20th-century American art, the painter ___________ studied at the Harlem Art Workshop and was one of many prominent artists to work for the W.P.A. during the Great Depression.
Definition
Jacob Lawrence
Term
The 20th-century master of the fresco technique who created the work Cultura Mixteca is:
Definition
Diego Rivera
Term
What is pigment in paint?
Definition
powdered color
Term
Which of the following is an example of a non-aqueous medium?
Definition
oil paint
Term
The painting technique used in the 1st century in Egypt, Greece, and Rome that involves the use of wax is:
Definition
encaustic
Term
In buon fresco, or true fresco, pigment is mixed with water and applied to:
Definition
wet plaster
Term
After building a canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of:
Definition
primer
Term
In fresco painting, a drawing called a ________ is transferred to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment.


Definition
cartoon
Term
Which 20th-century artist used egg tempera to create the painting Braids?
Definition
Andrew Wyeth
Term
An example of “classic” watercolor technique is:
Definition
Homer’s Shore and Surf, Nassau
Term
Two ancient painting media that are still in use today are:
Definition
encaustic and fresco
Term
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as a:
Definition
binder
Term
Empress Theodora and Retinue is:


Definition
a Byzantine mosaic
Term
The first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was:
Definition
Jan van Eyck
Term
One of the advantages of oil painting is that it dries very slowly. This allows for:
Definition
a subtle blending of colors

the painting to be reworked indefinitely

the application of layers of paint on top of one another

an almost infinite range of consistencies

Term
_______ is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it.
Definition
Gouache
Term
By the 1950’s this new synthetic paint would replace oils as the principle painting medium. What is it?
Definition
acrylic
Term
Pope Julius II employed which two Italian Renaissance artists to paint frescos for him?
Definition
Michelangelo and Raphael
Term
Picasso and Braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create:
Definition
collages
Term
A non-aqueous paint is one that:
Definition
dissolves in something other than water
Term
Watercolor's primary characteristic is its:
Definition
transparency