Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Life Span Developmental Psychology
Week 2 Key Terms
286
Nursing
09/05/2011

Additional Nursing Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
Chromosome
Definition

thread-like structures of DNA; there are

46 (23 pairs)

Term
DNA
Definition
deoxyribonucleic acid, made of units called genes; double stranded helix held together by bases
Term
Natural selection
Definition
individuals with genetically controlled characterics reproduce more successfully and the species comes to resemble those individuals more and more as time passes
Term
Genotype
Definition
genetic characteristics; the sum total of all the genes a person inherits for any particular trait
Term
Phenotype
Definition
physical expression of genetic characteristics; actual expression of traits, observable in the person's physical appearance, as well as behavior tendencies
Term
Polygenic traits
Definition
those traits influenced produced by the action of more than one gene
Term
Multifocal traits
Definition
those traits influenced by many factors including the environment
Term
Additive
Definition
sum of contribution of the genes involved
Term
Dominant genes
Definition
the genes that control the trait
Term
Recessive genes
Definition
the genes are carried on the genotype but not expressed in the phenotype
Term
Reaction range
Definition
is a term used to describe the range of phenotypes for each genotype, suggesting the enviroment's restrictiveness or enrichment
Term
Mono-zygotic twins
Definition
identical twins, identical genetically
Term
Di-zygotic twins
Definition
fraternal twins; different genetically
Term
Down's Syndrome
Definition
most common chromosomal abnormality; it results from 3 chromosomes at sight 21
Term
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Definition
abnormal protein digestion that is caused by recessive gene
Term
Fragile X syndrome
Definition
part of the X chromosome is attached by such a thin string of molecules that it seems about to break off
Term
Implantation
Definition
body of cells arrive at uterus and burrow into uterine lining
Term
Teratogens
Definition
any substance or conditions that contribute to birth defects
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repoetive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Intermodal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repoetive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Egocentrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Causation
Definition
when change in one variable causes a change in another
Term
Cohort effect
Definition
changes due to a subject's time of birth or generation but not actually to "age"
Term
Continuity
Definition
continual progression from beginning of life to the end
Term
Correlation
Definition
a mathematical statistic that indicates whether 2 variables are related to each other
Term
Cross Sectional
Definition
comparison of people at various ages
Term
Cross Sequential
Definition
combination of longitudinal and cross sectional designs; starts with cross sectional studies of individuals with different ages then after some time, the same individuals are tested again
Term
Dependent variable
Definition
this variable "depends" on what happens to subjects in the experiment; "effect"
Term
Discontinuity
Definition
growth as occuring in identifable stages each with distinct problems & characteristics
Term
Independent variable
Definition
variable can be changed "independently" of other factors; "cause"
Term
Longitudinal
Definition
studying the same individuals over a "long" period of time
Term
Negative correlation
Definition
when 2 variables are inversely related; when one goes up the other goes down
Term
Positive correlation
Definition
one variable changes in the same direction as another variable changes
Term
Psychoanalytic Theory
Definition
interprets human behavior and development in terms of intrinsic drives and motives, many of which are unconscious
Term
Punishment
Definition
a term used in operant conditioning to explain to explain anything that "decreases" a behavior
Term
Reinforcement
Definition
a term used in operant conditioning to explain anything the "increases" a behavior
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
range of skills that can be used without assistance versus what can be obtained with help
Term
Genes
Definition
basic units of genetic instructions, which are segments of DNA molecules 
Term
Chromosome
Definition

thread -like structures of DNA; there are 46

(23 pairs)

Term
DNA
Definition
deoxyribonucleic acid; made of units called genes; double stranded helix held together by bases
Term
Natural Selection
Definition
individuals with genetically controlled characteristic reproduce more successfully and the species comes to resemble those individuals more and more as time passes
Term
Genotype
Definition
genetic characteristic; the sum total of all the genes a person inherits for any particular trait
Term
Phenotype
Definition
physical expression of genetic characteristics; actual expression of traits; observable in the person's physical appearance, as well ad behavior tendencies
Term
Polygenic traits
Definition
those traits produced by the combined action of more than one gene
Term
Multifactorial traits
Definition
those traits influenced by many factors including the environment
Term
Additive
Definition
sum of contribution of the genes involved
Term
Dominant genes
Definition
the genes that control the trait
Term
Recessive genes
Definition
the genes are carried on the genotype but not expressed in the phenotype
Term
Reaction range
Definition
is a term used to describe the range of phenotypes for each genotype, suggesting the enviroment's restrictiveness or enrichment
Term
Monozygotic twins
Definition
identical twins; identical genetically
Term
Dizygotic twins
Definition
fraternal twins; different genetically
Term
Down's Syndrome
Definition
most common chromosomal abnormality; it results from 3 chromosomes at sight 21
Term
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Definition
abnormal protein digestion that is caused by recessive gene
Term
Fragile X syndrome
Definition
part of the4 X chromosome is attached by such a thin string of molecules that it seems about to break off
Term
Implantation
Definition
body of cells arrive at uterus and burrow into uterine lining
Term
Teratogens
Definition
any substance or conditions that contribute to birth defects
Term
Genes
Definition
basic units of genetic instructions, which are segments of DNA molecules
Term
Chromosome
Definition

thread-like structures of DNA; there are

46 (23 pairs)

Term
DNA
Definition
deoxyribonucleic acid, made of units called genes; double stranded helix held together by bases
Term
Natural selection
Definition
individuals with genetically controlled characterics reproduce more successfully and the species comes to resemble those individuals more and more as time passes
Term
Genotype
Definition
genetic characteristics; the sum total of all the genes a person inherits for any particular trait
Term
Phenotype
Definition
physical expression of genetic characteristics; actual expression of traits, observable in the person's physical appearance, as well as behavior tendencies
Term
Polygenic traits
Definition
those traits influenced produced by the action of more than one gene
Term
Multifocal traits
Definition
those traits influenced by many factors including the environment
Term
Additive
Definition
sum of contribution of the genes involved
Term
Dominant genes
Definition
the genes that control the trait
Term
Recessive genes
Definition
the genes are carried on the genotype but not expressed in the phenotype
Term
Reaction range
Definition
is a term used to describe the range of phenotypes for each genotype, suggesting the enviroment's restrictiveness or enrichment
Term
Mono-zygotic twins
Definition
identical twins, identical genetically
Term
Di-zygotic twins
Definition
fraternal twins; different genetically
Term
Down's Syndrome
Definition
most common chromosomal abnormality; it results from 3 chromosomes at sight 21
Term
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Definition
abnormal protein digestion that is caused by recessive gene
Term
Fragile X syndrome
Definition
part of the X chromosome is attached by such a thin string of molecules that it seems about to break off
Term
Implantation
Definition
body of cells arrive at uterus and burrow into uterine lining
Term
Teratogens
Definition
any substance or conditions that contribute to birth defects
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Intermodal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repoetive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Egocentrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Intermodal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repoetive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Egocentrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Intermodal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repoetive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Egocentrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Motherese
Definition
"baby talk"; a name given to the restricted sort of language spoken by caregivers to their children to teach the child the basic function and structure of language
Term
Personality
Definition
consistent ways in which the behavior of one person differs from that of others; basis to define a person's individuality and interaction within the environment
Term
Temperament
Definition
consistent, basic dispositions that are an inherent part of a person, which regulate how activity, reactivity, emotionality and sociability are expressed
Term
Zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Definition
the difference between what a child can do with help and what he or she can do without guidance
Term
Functional play
Definition
Children make simple repetitive motions with/without toys
Term
Constructive play
Definition
Children use objects to create things
Term
Dramatic play
Definition
Children use imaginary situations with prearranged rules to play a game
Term
Ego-centrism
Definition
viewing the world solely from one's personal perspective; prevalent in preschoolers
Term
Objective performance
Definition
awareness that objects exist even though they may not be in view
Term
Authoritarian
Definition
a parenting style that is strict, relies on punishment, and little nurturance
Term
Permissive
Definition
a parenting style that makes no demands, flexible guidelines, no punishment, and shows  lots of affection
Term
Authoritative
Definition
a parenting style that listens to  child's requests, willing to compromise, shows affection and nurturing
Term
Reflexes
Definition
involuntary responses to particular stimuli; infants very 1st motor skills
Term
Sensations
Definition
a conscious or subconscious awareness of external or internal stimuli
Term
Perception
Definition
the "interpretation" of meaning of what we have sensed
Term
Binocular vision
Definition
the ability of using "both" eyes to focus on an object
Term
Inter-modal perception
Definition
the ability to associate information from one sensory modality with information from another
Term
Cross-modal perception
Definition
the ability to use info from one sensory modality to imagine something in another
Term
Genes
Definition
basic units of genetic instructions which are segments of DNA molecules