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Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Justice
34
Criminal Justice
05/06/2012

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Cards

Term
Adjudication (hearing)
Definition
A hearing to determine whether there is evidence beyond a reasonable doubt to support the allegations against the juvenile.
Term
Aftercare
Definition
Supervision of a juvenile after release from an institution.
Term
Appeal
Definition
An appeal is a petition for review of a case that has been decided by a court of law.
Term
Assessment facility
Definition
secure facilities responsible for orienting the juvenile to the correctional system in the particular state and to what the expectations are. In addition, these centers are responsible for conducting a multitude of testing and diagnosis of each juvenile committed to the juvenile correctional authority.
Term
Blended sentence
Definition
Involves he impostion of juvenile and or adult correctional sanctions for serious and violent juvenile offenders who have been processed in either the juvenile or adult court.
Term
Boot camps
Definition
A military style correctional program where juveniles are subjected to a rigorous regiuuuu
Term
Commitment
Definition
Decisions by a juvenile court judge to send the adjudicate juvenile to an institution
Term
Deinstitutionalization
Definition
the process of teaching the juvenile hot to remain in the community
Term
Disposition (hearing)
Definition
A hearing held after a juvenile has been adjudicated delinquent to determine what sanction should be imposed on the juvenile.
Term
Drug court
Definition
there are approximately 1,500 drug courts in the operational and planning phases for juveniles in the United States
Term
Fare v. Michael C
Definition
the supreme court had to decide under what circumstances a juvenile, without consulting a parent, attorney, or other interested adult, can make an intelligent, understanding and voluntary wavier of his rights.
Term
Group homes
Definition
homes for groups of juveniles who have been adjudicated delinquent similar to their institutional counterparts.
Term
In re Gault
Definition
U. S. supreme court case in which was ruled that a juvenile is entitled to the essentials of due process including right to notice of the charges, tight to counsel, right to confront and cross-examine witness, and right against self- incrimination including the right to remain silent.
Term
Informal adjustment
Definition
Informal adjustment is the handling of a juvenile matter informally and can include the giving of advice and counsel to the juvenile and custodian(s), referrals to other agencies, supervision on unofficial probation, temporary placement outside the home and other referrals to other appropriate public and private agencies. 
Term
Intensive Supervision Probation
Definition
A form of probation characterized by increased supervision and treatment The caseload of officers is typically reduced so they can spend greater amounts of time with smaller numbers of risker juveniles.
Term
Kent v. United States
Definition
U.s supreme court case in which it was ruled that juveniles facing waiver to adult court are entitled to some basic due process rights.
Term
Mediation
Definition
These programs attempt to bring ogether juvenile delinquents and their victims, hoping to mediate the situation between the parties.
Term
Parens patriae
Definition
A legal doctrine in which the state plays the role of the parent
Term
Petition
Definition
A document that states the allegations against a juvenile and requests a juvenile after a juvenile court to adjudicate the juvenile
Term
Plea bargaining
Definition
The process by which a juvenile pleads guilty in exchange for concessions made by the prosecutor.
Term
Predisposition report
Definition
Contains background information on the juvenile, a description of the circumstances surrounding the juvenile’s delinquent acts, s well as a disposition recommendation from the probation office.
Term
Private facilties
Definition
Correctional institution run by private corporations r private individuals.
Term
Probations
Definition
A disposition imposed by the court allowing the adjudication offender to remain in the community, with a parent or other guardian, as long as the offender abides by certain conditions
Term
Restitution
Definition
The payment of money or the rendering of restorative service or work to the victim of a crime, whether a person or a business.
Term
Roper v. Simmons
Definition
In 1988 Supreme court ruled on the constitutionally of the death penalty for juveniles in a case brought by William Wayne Thompson, who was convicted and sentenced to death for murdering his formal brother in law. Prior to Roper, no juvenile in the United States could be executed for an offense that he or she committed when age 15 or younger.
Term
Secure detention
Definition
Detention facilities (also called homes or centers) are community-based, residential facilities that provide temporary care for delinquents and alleged delinquents requiring secure custody pending court disposition or placement, or who are placed in the facility by the court as a sanction once found guilty of an offense.
Term
Shock probation
Definition
A relatively unique correctional strategy that involves shocking the juvenile with a brief commitment to an instituational facility provide and then releasing them on probation.
Term
State institutions and schools
Definition
Self contained facilities that provide a variety of services for juvenies including rehabitiation, health, education, counseling, recreation, employment, and training.
Term
Statutory exclusion
Definition
A type of legislative waiver that excludes certain offenses, usually violent crimes, from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court
Term
Training schools
Definition
many of the original training and industrial schools that opened during the progressive era (late 1800s-early 1900s) in the United States are still operational today
Term
Waiver (different types)
Definition
Judicial waiver-The most common method of waiver to adult court and the one with the longest history. Judicial waivers involves the use of discretionary authority by a juvenile court judge to a waive jurisdiction and to send the case to adult court.
Term
Legislative Waiver-or statutory waiver.
Definition
This type of waiver brings certain juvenile offenders into the criminal justice system at the point of arrest and bypasses the juvenile court altogether. A juvenile who has committed a offense an offense covered by a legislative waiver statue is treated as an adult from the beginning of the judicial process.
Term
Prosecutorial waiver
Definition
occurs when there is concurrent jurisdiction in the juvenile and adult court and the prosecutor has the option of filing charges against the offender in either court.
Term
Youth ranches and camps
Definition
Facilities that operate similarly to state institution with one exception: the atmosphere is more like year round summer camp than a maxium security faciltity. There are typically dorms or cottages, a school, vocational program, and industry. The one component that sets them apart from other secure facilities is a program centering on a type of farming, ranching or adventure.