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Hsitory: Unit 1 Review
A set of flashcards reviewing the key concepts learned in Unit 1.
29
History
01/17/2011

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Cards

Term

Which of the following are Greek views?

1. People have the ability to use reason to figure out how the world works

2. The best form of government is a republic with representative democracy

3. Government should be based on written laws that apply to all citizens

4. Individuals are importnant and posses dignity

5. Dividing a government's power into different parts is a safeguard against tyranny

Definition

1. Yes

2. No

2. No

4. Yes

5. No

Term
For democracy to take hold in the modern world, people had to take responsibility for ruling themselves. The belief in individual potential and the importance of creative effor that emerged during the ____ helped make this possible.
Definition
Renaissance
Term
Democracy requires that people exercise their own judgment and question authority. These qualities first began to emerge in matter of religion during the ____. 
Definition
Reformation
Term
What were three important milestones of democracy in medieval England?
Definition

1. William and the Great Council

2. King Henry ll and his courts and judges (basis of common law)

3. The Magna Carta

Term
After the Magna Carta, the Great Council was established. This council which held representatives of the people eventually became known as ____.
Definition
Parliament
Term
Parliament has two bodies: the House of ___ and the ____.
Definition
Commons; House of Lords
Term
the idea where kings recieve their power from God and were answerable only to God
Definition
divine right
Term
In order to get money for wartime expenses, Charles l agreed to sign the ___ which stated that citizens could not be imprisoned without just cause and that the king could not tax citizens without Parliament's consent.
Definition
Petition of Right
Term
The period called the ___ takes place after _____ closes down Parliament upon defeating the 'Royalists' and rules England as a military dictator.
Definition
Restoration; Oliver Cromwell
Term
a musical, artistic, and literary movement that celebrated nature, beauty, and emotion rather than intellect and reason
Definition
Romanticism
Term
The following arguments are from which book?
- governments should not try to control most business decisions
- economies would do best if government left businesses alone and allowed people to make deals and take risks when they see opportunities
- businesses that want to make money should produce the goods that are in demand
- competition is good because it makes businesses more efficient and helps keep prices down
Definition
Adam Smith's 'The Wealth of Nations'
Term
Who said it is the government’s job to protect the natural rights of life, liberty, and property?
Definition
John Locke
Term

Which of the following was the first to place definite limits on the power of the English monarch?
Definition
Magna Carta
Term
Which document stated that the king needed to get Parliament’s permission to set aside laws or tax people?
Definition
English Bill of Rights
Term
The following principles describe what?
- applied the law equally thoughout the land
-used juries to help make decisions
- followed laws based on rulings by judges in previous cases
Definition
English common law
Term
In his work The Spirit of Laws, what did the French philosopher Baron de Montesquieu say about the power of government?
Definition
It is best divided into three separate branches.
Term
How are the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen similar?
Definition
protected the natural rights of the people
Term
According to Plato, who should run governments?
Definition
philosopher-kings
Term
What Renaissance belief helped prepare the modern world for democracy?
Definition
Individuals should help society by developing their potential and creativity.
Term
What characterizes the Industrial Revolution?
Definition
Fewer goods were made by hand as production shifted to machines.
Term
Which factors led to the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in England?
Definition
New machinery; rushing streams and rivers; availability of coal and iron ore
Term
Which document outlines a plan for government that has served as a model for new governments around the world?
Definition
U.S. Constitution
Term
Is the following statement about the American Revolution true or false?
It led to the formation of a new nation with a new form of government.
Definition
True
Term
The following factors led to what?
- the country was bankrupt
- the kind ruled by divine right and had unlimited power
- rights and priveleges were based on class
- inspired by Rousseau
Definition
French Revolution
Term
With which two documents would you associate the statement: "Governments exists to protect the rights of the people"?
Definition
Declaration of Independence and Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Term
Which of the following was not a Roman contribution to modern democracy?
- representative democracy
- division of power among branches
- written laws that applied to all citizens
- written bill of rights
Definition
written bill of rights
Term
Which of the following was one of the causes of the American Revolution?
- strict restrictions on religious freedom
- taxation without representation
- unequal treatment of women
- unfair treatment of African Americans
Definition
taxation without representation
Term
Which document best reflects the ideas of the Enlightenment?
Definition
Declaration of Independence
Term
Which of the following did not lead to the development of the Industrial Revolution in England?
- James Watt’s steam engine
- Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations
- John McAdams's better roads
- Thomas Edison’s electric light bulb
Definition
Thomas Edison’s electric light bulb